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bill cosby essay I love Bill Cosby! Honestly, that phrase may not be enough to sufficiently describe my feelings for Bill. Price On The Picturesque! He was my boyhood idol. His influence on my life has been profound. I owe much of for me, who I am to Bill Cosby, so the idea of love seems to fall short of exactly how I feel. It may be that I need more than one word: Adulation! Regard! Devotedness! And yet, I remain inarticulate. While growing up, I watched everything Bill Cosby did.
My father had several of his comedy albums; I memorized them backwards and forwards. Bill was one of two comics that I imitated and memorized. Uvedale! Richard Pryor was the other. I owe my sense of humor to Bill Cosby. However, for me, Bill Cosby was more than a comedian. Bill was my idea of research kids, a great man – a great Black man! He was good looking, talented, smart, and he was fearless.
The Cos was a ladies man, but also good father and husband – devoted to his wife and children. Bill was educated; he collected art and was fluent in jazz. After my father, Bill Cosby was the uvedale price picturesque man I aspired to be. Few get an format opportunity to uvedale, meet their idol, much less work with them. I was blessed in that regard, and even more blessed that I found my idol as clever, kind, and high school brilliant as I had imagined. In 2014 a series of accusations hit the public consciousness. A number of women stepped forward to price essays, claim that the great Bill Cosby had behaved inappropriately with them – groping, propositioning, and exposing himself. There were also a number of do online homework for me, women who leveled far more serious accusations. These women claimed that Bill had drugged them and had sex with them while they were unconscious.
On the street and in the courtroom, that is called rape. As the story broke, I had dozens of people reach out to essays on the, me asking me if the stories were true. I was low man on the totem pole. Reviewer! I can’t imagine how inundated with inquiries were Malcolm Jamal Warner or Phylicia Rashad. It must have been hell for them. It was no picnic for me.
Everyone wanted to picturesque, know if my idol was guilty. When I joined the cast of the Cosby Show in 1989, it seemed to do online, be common knowledge that Bill played around. When I say common knowledge, I mean that it was just something that people seemed to know without anyone saying anything. Bill sleeping around was a “fact” that, like, the air, seemed to uvedale essays on the, just be. You didn’t have to see it or hear it to know that it existed.
There was also the seeming unending parade of pretty young women that streamed through the studio. In fact, that is what some of us called it – the parade. Research! Light skinned. “Good” hair. One prettier than the next. I was 28, healthy, single, and horny as hell! You will forgive me if I wasn’t really focused on Bill during the parades. Of course, people said things to price essays, me as if they had first-hand knowledge of Bill#8217;s business, and maybe they did. I suspect however, that rather than eyewitness testimony, what they had was the same thing that I had: speculation and gossip.
I love dish as much as the next person, but I do prefer to see with my own eyes. I also know that men who are wealthy and research online powerful are always the target of gossip, lies, and price essays on the slander. Hell, you don’t even have to be wealthy, powerful, or good looking. The truth is that people will lie about doctoral, you just because they are bored! Still, his infidelity to his marriage vows would not have surprised me.
I don’t say that as any comment on Bill’s character. I say it only because I think it would be extremely difficult for any rich, powerful man to say, “No” every single time a woman threw herself at him. I was a scrub and price picturesque the opportunities for sex that were tossed my way were numerous. Apa Referencing Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation! I suspect that if I had been really famous and extremely wealthy, the opportunities would have increased exponentially (as would have the lies and gossip). Does any man have the fortitude to turn so much nookie down every single time? Some, perhaps. I don’t think many.
I am also of the opinion that some women who are married to prominent men strike a deal with themselves. They believe that, for men, the act of sex is removed from love. The bargain they make is that as long as their husbands continue to bring home the price on the picturesque checks and don’t bring home any babies or diseases, they will overlook any dalliances. So, in 1989, my attitude was that if Bill was cheating on Camille, I am fairly certain Camille knew. Hey, if everyone who claimed to know actually knew, then certainly Camille knew, and had long ago made her peace with it. At any rate, it was none of my business. I never saw Bill engage in any inappropriate behavior. I certainly never saw him drug anyone. So, all I have is the same gossip as everyone else. As the accusations began to increase, I became increasingly disturbed.
I was fairly certain that some of the women were lying through their teeth, but certainly not all of them. Discovering that the papers man you idolize may be a serial rapist is a bit traumatic. I don’t imagine it is anything near to the trauma of the alleged victims. Nevertheless, I found it unsettling. I was particularly shaken the afternoon I bumped into price on the picturesque, an old friend while shopping. Paper! The controversy was at uvedale essays on the, its height. The story of Bill was all over the press. I hadn’t seen this woman for many years. Reviewer! Back in the day, I had asked her out on a few dates, but was relegated to the friend zone so fast it made my ears wiggle. We had kept in touch for a few years, but our lives had taken different paths.
Over the years, I had watched with a passive interest as her career grew, so I was excited to see her and catch up a bit. As we spoke, I recalled that Bill had been her mentor (play father, teacher…something. I couldn’t quite recall what it was). The question popped into uvedale price essays, my head. “Hey, do you mind if I ask you something?” She looked at a book, me and then asked, “Is it going to make me cry?” I was a bit taken aback. Uvedale Price On The Picturesque! “Well,” I stammered. “I hope it doesn’t make you cry.” She smiled. “Go ahead and high school ask your question.” “Back in price essays, the day,” I started. Essay On Dowry In Kannada! “I remember that you knew Bill – that he was like your mentor or something. Uvedale Price Essays Picturesque! Did he ever…” Before I finished the essay on dowry in kannada language sentence, she began to cry. We spent the next two hours sitting on uvedale price essays picturesque a bench talking. Through tears, she told me her story. She cursed him for violating both her trust and her body. She cursed herself for not being smarter, and for degrading herself in pursuit of essay, success. I listened patiently.
As she began to run out of steam, she turned to me. “Do you believe me?” “Yes.” I said. “I believe you.” “Because I don’t believe that you are crazy and only a crazy person would sit with me all this time and uvedale essays share a fantasy.” I am not sure if our conversation was cathartic for her. I know it was heart-breaking for me. As I drove home, I battled my emotions. I felt for my friend, for dissertation, the violation of her trust, loyalty, and body. Price Essays On The! I was angry with Bill. He had money, fame, and doctoral power; he was a walking aphrodisiac! Why? I was also angry at myself for price, falling for how to become, the okey-doke, of putting Bill on price a pedestal. Something changed inside me during that drive; call it the unpublished last gasp of price on the, a mocking bird. More recently, there were a series of homework help websites, court documents that were unsealed and essays picturesque revealed a dark side to the Cos.
Rather than spending his time bouncing kids on apa referencing unpublished dissertation his knee and eating Jell-O brand pudding, this Bill was involved in illegal drugs and price picturesque illicit sex, fornication, and research paper for elementary kids perhaps more. Price Essays! I’ve done a lot of thinking over these weeks. The good Bill has done over the years is real and research enduring. I am not prepared to simply dismiss his brilliance, his wisdom, or his legacy. You see, all of that is a part of who I am as a man – as a Black man. I am not going to uvedale price essays on the, toss all of apa referencing unpublished doctoral, that away, at least not yet.
It seems to essays picturesque, me that one should be able to become reviewer, look with sober eyes and yet hold on uvedale on the picturesque to those elements of substance that are both true and online uk comforting. Uvedale Price Essays On The Picturesque! Over the weekend, Bill turned 78 years old. It is with all of the love I still have for him and format for elementary kids the reverence of one who has idolized him for a lifetime that I offer this plea. Bill, you have a family that loves you, a wife who is devoted to you; you have more money than you can spend. Please, go live a quiet country life.
Allow those of price essays on the picturesque, us who truly love you to homework help websites, preserve just a bit of our enchantment. Joseph C. Phillips was born on January 17, 1962 in Denver, Colorado, USA as Joseph Connor Phillips. He is an actor, known for General Hospital (1994), The Cosby Show (1984) and Strictly Business (1991). He has been married to Nicole since 1994. On The! They have three children.
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oedipus themes essay Ed Friedlander MD. This website collects no information. On The Picturesque! If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on to any third party, unless required by law. High Homework Help! I have no sponsors and uvedale price essays on the picturesque do not host paid advertisements. All external links are provided freely to sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. School Homework! This page was last modified December 7, 2011.
If you are a student assigned to essays on the, read Oedipus the King, and perhaps also to comment on Aristotle's ideas about tragedy and tragic flaws, this site will help you get started. Warning: This is NOT a family site, and Sophocles is essay on dowry language, NOT family entertainment. Oedipus the King is a monument to uvedale price essays on the, Sophocles's dramatic genius, and to the freedom of Athenian thought. Sophocles himself served as an army general. Two of his plays (Ajax and Philoctetes) are performed today to school homework websites, help people understand post-traumatic stress disorder, suffered by good people who have undergone life's most horrible experiences. Oedipus the King develops a shocking -- perhaps even immoral -- idea about a human being's ultimate relationship to on the, the universe. Whether Sophocles's idea is true, or whether he believed it, are for you to decide. Commentators on Sophocles, beginning with Aristotle, have tried to cover over for me the obvious.
This explains the nonsense about tragic flaws and hybris. We don't know whether there was a historical Oedipus. Oedipus means swollen feet. The Greeks pronounced it oy-DEEP-us. Oed- is the same root as oedema / edema (tissue swelling; the essays on the, British preserve the initial o), while -pus is essay on dowry in kannada language, feet (hence octopus, the eight-footed animal.) Laius and Jocasta were king and queen of Thebes, a town in Greece. Essays On The Picturesque! One day, they had a baby boy. An oracle prophesied that the boy would grow up and kill his father and marry his mother. To thwart the prophecy, Laius and Jocasta decided to do online homework for me, kill their baby.
In those days, it was usual to leave an unwanted or defective baby in uvedale price picturesque the wilderness. Homework Help! Laius and Jocasta did this. To be extra-sure, they pierced his little feet and tied them together. (Don't worry about uvedale essays picturesque why they bound or pierced the baby's feet, which would not have been necessary to guarantee the abandoned child's death. It may have been introduced to explain the hero's name. It also helps later to confirm Oedipus's true identity.) A kindly shepherd found the baby. He gave the baby to a friend, who took it to Corinth, another town. (Corinth reappears in the New Testament.) The king and queen of Corinth couldn't have a baby of their own. In Kannada Language! So they adopted the foundling. Nobody ever told little Oedipus that his mother was never pregnant. One day, after he had grown up, a drunk mentioned his being adopted.
Oedipus questioned his parents, but they denied it. Oedipus visited various oracles to uvedale on the picturesque, find out whether he was really adopted. All the oracles told him instead that he would kill his father and marry his mother. (None of this makes much sense. Again, don't worry about it. This is a folk tale.)
To thwart the oracles, Oedipus left Corinth permanently. (Again, don't worry. Yes, Oedipus should have considered that, since he might be adopted, any older man might be his father and any older woman his mother. But this is a folk tale.) Travelling the roads, Oedipus got into a traffic squabble and killed a stranger who (unknown to him) was King Laius. In one version, there was a dispute over research uk right-of-way on a bridge. In those days, high rank got to go first, Oedipus identified himself as heir to the throne of Corinth, and for some reason (again, don't worry about it) Laius's people simply attacked instead of explaining that he was king of uvedale price essays picturesque Thebes. Some versions say that the rude Laius drove over Oedipus's sore foot, making him lose his temper. Soon Oedipus's smarts saved the town of Thebes, and he was made king. (In a folk-tale within a folk-tale, Oedipus solved the Riddle of the school homework help, Sphinx. What animal has four legs in price the morning, two legs at noon, and three legs in the evening?
Of course the answer is a human being -- babies crawl and old folks use walking sticks.) Oedipus married Laius's widow, Queen Jocasta. He ruled well, and they had four children. Eventually, Oedipus and how to Jocasta found out what had really happened. (You must assume that accidentally killing your father and marrying your mother is a disaster.) Jocasta committed suicide, and Oedipus blinded himself and became a wandering beggar. In the price essays, version that must have been the favorite of Sophocles's Athenian audience, Oedipus found sanctuary at Colonus, outside of Athens. The kindness he was shown at the end made the city itself blessed. The moral of the folk tale?
Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed! In Iliad XXIII, we read about one Mecisteus, who went once to school homework help websites, Thebes after the fall of Oedipus, to attend his funeral, and he beat all the uvedale price essays, people of Cadmus, evidently at research paper boxing (funeral games) which is the subject of the passage. In the Odyssey XI's catalogue of shades, We read, I also saw fair Epicaste mother of price essays picturesque king Oedipodes whose awful lot it was to marry her own son without suspecting it. Become A Book Reviewer! He married her after having killed his father, but the gods proclaimed the whole story to the world; whereon he remained king of Thebes, in great grief for the spite the gods had borne him; but Epicaste went to the house of the mighty jailor Hades, having hanged herself for grief, and the avenging spirits haunted him as for on the an outraged mother -- to his ruing bitterly thereafter. Papers! That's what Homer has to say about uvedale price on the Oedipus. I've been assured that Homer intended the passage to illustrate Oedipus's having the tragic flaw of pride.
I can't see what kind of do online sense this makes. A NYU student found a personal meaning: What is the moral of this story? Don't go to a fortune teller! Let life take its course. Your fate is already written and uvedale price on the picturesque sealed. Become! If you know all there is to know about your life, then why bother living? You'll spend the rest of your life worrying about uvedale price essays on the what's to homework, come.
Embrace life and uvedale picturesque its surprises. Oedipus Wrecked -- humor. Wonders why Oedipus allowed himself to be made to high homework help websites, feel so stigmatized by a mixup that wasn't his fault. Uvedale Price Essays On The Picturesque! Moral of the story: Being a victim of gurus, society, and circumstances does not relieve one of the responsibility of thinking for themselves. It does make for a book a tragic hero, however. Sphinxes -- and uvedale price on the picturesque a lot on the background of the paper for elementary kids, story. The author is with me on the hamartia business, below. Uvedale Price Essays On The! Thanks for the sphinx.
Long before we got civilized, ancient Europeans (Greeks, Vikings, others) were already talking about predestination. If something was going to happen, it would happen and there was nothing you could do about it. Why would anybody talk like this? 1. Ancient people may have been impressed (or wanted to be impressed) by the fulfillment of prophecies. In our own world, most predictions by supposed psychics simply don't come true. Research Paper For Elementary Kids! But people want to believe in the supernatural, and price essays on the people like to tell each other about the rare occasions when something happens that a psychic said would happen. So money-making psychics make lots of predictions and homework websites keep them vague.
People have such a strong desire to believe in uvedale essays on the the power of supernatural prediction that they even invent stories of psychic predictions being fulfilled. Unpublished Dissertation! The most famous example (Nostradamus and the gray monk in Varennes woods) continues to be told, even though the tale of Louis XVI being disguised as a monk when he was captured there is just a lie. You'll need to decide for yourself whether prophecies of religionists (past or present) come true today, or have ever come true. Some Christians have taught that the Greek oracles were successful because they were diabolic, and that they went silent on the first Christmas (for example, Milton's Hymn on the Morning of Christ's Nativity). Uvedale Price Essays On The Picturesque! People want to believe in oracles.
2. Believing in predestination frees people from paper format for elementary, worry. Price Essays On The! Talking about unalterable destiny is extremely popular among soldiers going into battle -- a powerful antidote to essay on dowry language, obessive fear that would slow or distract a warrior. Soldiers tell each other, If the bullet has your name on it, you will die. This seems to spur them on to bravery, self-sacrifice, peace-of-mind, and warm camaraderie. Talk about fate, predestination, and so forth has found its way into warriors' tales across many cultures.
In the Iliad , even Zeus (? same word as theos or God) is sometimes subject to Fate (though sometimes Zeus is fate). We also see this in peacetime, whenever people face frightful conflict. A Calvinist friend of mine who struggled with his sexual issues told me how comforted he felt knowing God had chosen him anyway. For some reason that I do not understand, he could believe in essays this. He could not believe that he was loved by God as His creation, or loved by God for the sake of Jesus, or even that his sexual orientation might not be the crime that he'd been made to believe it was. Online! Again, I'm no psychiatrist, but I'm glad he could find a formulation that brought him comfort. Most Christians believe that we are responsible for our behavior even though God knows what we will do.
So Christians have argued about predestination from New Testament days. Luke says that the price, people who chose Christ were predestined to do so. Dante asks the blessed souls in on dowry language heaven about predestination, and is told they don't know the answer, either. Martin Luther spent much of his youth obsessing over how he was unable to be as good as he wanted. He found his answer not in predestination, but in God's free gift of grace in uvedale price essays Christ. Research Papers Online Uk! For him, this was a comfort and assurance. If you want to know whether you are predestined to be saved, just say your prayers. Then you will know you are predestined for salvation. John Calvin was horrified about the implications of predestination, but emphasized it in his teaching. Other preachers like Jonathan Spiders Edwards and the Wesleys taught that Christ had died for everybody and uvedale price essays on the picturesque that everybody had a free choice. Milton has God foresee Adam's sin, and God explains that although He foresees it, he didn't make it happen, so he is apa referencing, justified in punishing Adam.
Racine's Phaedra marked a return to themes of Greek tragedy and people being the victims of cruel destiny. Racine's milieu was Jansenism, a back-to-basics focus on hellfire and uvedale price predestination that developed within Roman Catholicism. Boswell, who wrote the biography of Samuel Johnson, obsessed about predestination and language became profoundly depressed thinking he could end up damned eternally. He's not the only person who's had this experience. In the US, the Free Will Baptist denomination emphasized evangelization and need to work hard to essays, bring others to Christ, against those who thought that God's predestination made this unnecessary.
Some Hindus and Buddhists have taught that a person's behavior in a past life predestines happiness or misery in the current one, by the laws of help websites karma. Individual believers may find that this frees them from bitterness over price essays life's injustices (natural and human-made). You'll need to essay on dowry in kannada, decide for yourself whether this is good or bad. Belief in karma has awakened social conscience and kindness to price on the, strangers in those who believe that what goes around comes around. The theme of predestination continues in secular literature. School! Chaucer (Troilus and Cressida, The Knight's Tale) deals with predestination. The former is a character study, and the two lovers seem destined for price picturesque trouble just because of who they are. Marlowe's Faustus and a popular fifties song proclaimed, Che sera sera -- what will be will be. Ambiguous -- do we make our own decisions or not? Prophecies that can't be thwarted are a favorite literary device, especially famous from Macbeth. Homework Help! Ideas about predestination are parodied in Tristram Shandy -- the baby is predestined to have a small nose and an ugly name despite the conscious efforts of the parents to avoid these supposed disasters.
Today, fulfilled prophecies are a staple of fiction. Although the vast majority of psychic predictions in the real world are failures, they come true as plot devices on uvedale price essays picturesque the Silver Screen. A new face of the predestination debate comes from the physicists' model of the world. At least in Newtonian physics, if you know everything about do online homework a closed system at one moment of time, you can predict everything that will happen in the future. If our world is really like this, then physical laws predetermine what will happen in our brains, and uvedale essays on the what we will think and do. The laws of physics (ultimately) even determine our decisions about do online homework which side to on the picturesque, take in a college bull session about become predestination versus free will. In physics, an electron can bounce like a billiard-ball but go through each of two holes like a wave.
As a mainstream Christian, I'm accustomed of thinking that something can be two contrary things at the same time, and that apparent contradictions may not be real contradictions. The Good Lord feeds the birds, but I know how birds really get their food. I give thanks to the Good Lord for picturesque the birth of a child, but nobody requests equal time for do online for me stork science. I know how I get sick and price essays how I recover, and thank the Good Lord for my recovery. The bread and wine are Christ's body and blood -- I don't know how. Kids! The best (though not the most scholarly) answer I've heard to the Christian mystery of predestination goes something like this: When we are entering the New Jerusalem, we will see a sign overhead saying Enter of your free will. When we are inside, and price on the picturesque look back, the reverse of the sign will say God chose us from before the how to a book reviewer, foundation of the world (Ephesians 1:4). The folk tale of Oedipus has a popular theme -- predestination. Sigmund Freud and the Oedipus complex aren't the uvedale on the, subject of this site.
Mainstream psychiatry doesn't believe (and never believed) Freud's precise formulation. Research Paper For Elementary Kids! Freud observed that while there are many stories about predestination and unavoidable dooms, the story of Oedipus has gotten under people's skins since ancient times. The actual reason, of course, is that it's about dysfunctional family relationships, which really do have a lot to do with behavioral/mental illness. Oedipus -- the legend, from Wikipedia. Tells about modern versions, including some modern ribaldry. Sophocles wrote Oedipus the King for the annual festival where playwrights competed for prizes. It was a major civic occasion, with attendance expected. Sophocles the writer is uvedale price essays picturesque, phenomenally good, especially considering his era.
His writing is research, tight, with each phrase contributing to the whole. He is full of succinct observations on uvedale price essays picturesque life. And despite the limits of the form, he often manages to make his characters seem like real individuals. The title of our play is often given in its Latin translation Oedipus Rex, rather than in its original Greek (Oedipus Tyranneus), since the Greek term for king is the English tyrant which means a monarch who rules without the for me, consent of the people. As the play opens, the price on the, priest of Zeus and a bunch of essay language non-speaking characters (old people, children) appear before King Oedipus with tree-branches wrapped with wool. It was evidently the custom to do this in front of uvedale essays on the a god's altar when you wanted something urgently. Oedipus greets them as a caring, compassionate leader. The priest explains (really for how to the audience's benefit) that Thebes is suffering from a plague. Plants, animals, and people are all dying. The people know Oedipus is not a god, but they believe that some god inspired him to solve the riddle of the price picturesque, sphinx and save the town.
And since Oedipus has been king, he has done a splendid job. So now people look to him to find a cure for the plague. Oedipus explains (really for do online the audience's benefit) that he has sent Creon (Jocasta's brother) to the oracle of the god Apollo at Delphi to get an answer. He's late returning, but as soon as he gets back, Oedipus promises to price essays picturesque, do whatever the oracle says. Just then, Creon arrives. Since it's good news, he is wearing laurel leaves with berries around his head. Creon says, All's well that ends well. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation! (I'm told that the Greeks loved irony.) Apollo said that the killer of Laius must be found and banished, and the plague will end.
And Apollo has promised that a diligent investigation will reveal the killer. Oedipus asks to review the facts. All that is known is that Laius left for Delphi and never returned. (Don't ask what Oedipus did with the bodies of uvedale price essays Laius and his crew.) There was no immediate investigation, because of the homework help, sphinx problem. One of Laius's men escaped, and walked back to Thebes. (Don't ask what Oedipus did with Laius's horses and price essays on the picturesque chariot.) By the high homework, time he got back, Oedipus was being hailed as king. Uvedale Essays! The witness said Laius was killed by a gang of robbers. (We can already figure out why the witness lied. And we'll learn later that he asked immediately to be transferred away from Thebes, and has been gone ever since.) Oedipus reflects that if the killers are still at essay in kannada large, they are still a danger.
He decides to issue a policy statement to essays, help find the killer. The chorus, in high school homework help a song, calls on the various gods (including Triple Artemis, in her aspects as huntress, moon-goddess, and goddess of dark sorcery), to save them from the plague and from the evil god Ares, who is uvedale price essays picturesque, ordinarily the god of war but is homework, here the god of general mass death. Oedipus issues a policy statement, that whoever comes forward with information about the murder of Laius will be rewarded, and uvedale price that if the killer himself confesses, he will not be punished beyond having to leave the city permanently. Essay On Dowry! On the other hand, if anyone conceals the price essays, killer, Oedipus says he will be cursed. Oedipus continues that he will pursue the investigation just as if Laius were my own father. (Irony.) The Chorus says that Apollo ought to high school homework help websites, come right out and say who the murderer is. (The Chorus's job is to say what ordinary people think.) Oedipus says, Nobody can make the gods do what they don't want to. The chorus suggests bringing in the blind psychic, Teiresias. Especially, they hope he can find the missing witness to the killing. In those days, the Greeks believed that human psychics got their insights from the gods. There are other stories about uvedale on the Teiresias. As a young man, he ran into some magic snakes and got his gender changed for help seven years.
This enabled him to price on the, tell whether the male or the female enjoys sex more. This was a secret known only to the gods, so he was punished with permanent blindness. Teiresias comes in. Oedipus asks his help finding the killers, ending up by saying, The greatest thing you can do with your life is to use all your special talents to help others unselfishly. Teiresias says cryptically, It's a terrible thing to be wise when there's nothing you can do. Papers Uk! (As A.A. Milne would say later, and perhaps Oedipus too, When ignorance is bliss, it is uvedale on the, folly to be wise.)
Teiresias says, I want to go home. Oedipus calls him unpatriotic. Teiresias says, Your words are wide of the mark ( hamartia ). Our expression in English is You're missing the point. (Originally an archery target was a point.) We'll hear about hamartia again. Teiresias continues to stonewall, and Oedipus gets very angry. Finally Teiresias gives in, says Oedipus is the essay in kannada, killer, and adds that he is living in shame with his closest relative. Oedipus goes ballistic and calls Teiresias some bad things based on his being blind. (Irony.) Teiresias says, You'll see soon. Oedipus understandably thinks this is a political trick to smear him, with Teiresias and Creon in cahoots. Oedipus adds that Teiresias can't be much of a psychic, because he hadn't been able to handle the sphinx problem. The Chorus tells both men to cool down. Teiresias leaves, predicting disaster.
Soon Oedipus will learn the truth and be a blind exile, leaning on his staff. The Chorus sings about the oracle at Delphi, which was supposedly the uvedale price essays on the picturesque, center of the world. Gods are omniscient, but the chorus has its doubts about human psychics like Teiresias. Especially, they cannot believe Oedipus is a killer. Creon comes in, incensed that Oedipus would accuse him of trying to essay in kannada language, smear him. The Chorus says Oedipus is uvedale essays, simply angry.
Creon says he must be nuts. The Chorus says that to papers uk, the king's faults and price misbehavior, they are blind. (See no evil, hear no evil, speak no evil -- the norm in a non-democracy.) Oedipus comes in and accuses Creon directly of planning a coup, using a smear by a crooked psychic as an excuse. They exchange angry words. Oedipus asks why Teiresias never mentioned knowing the killer until today. Creon can't explain this. He defends himself from the accusation of planning a coup. (1) Being king is too much trouble. (2) Creon has other worthwhile things to do. (3) Creon has everything he needs. (4) Creon has political influence anyway. (5) Creon is well-liked and how to a book isn't going to do an obvious wrong. You build a good reputation over a lifetime. A single bad action ruins it. Irony. Oedipus isn't satisfied. He says he wants Creon executed for treason.
The shouting-match continues until Jocasta comes in and tells them to break it up, there's too much trouble already. Price Essays On The! The Chorus says it agrees, and tells Jocasta that both men are at fault. Creon leaves, and Jocasta asks what's happened. The Chorus talks about what a fine king Oedipus has been, and says, Let's forget the whole business with Teiresias's prophecy. The Chorus uses a variant of the research uk, proverb, Let sleeping dogs lie.
It's better not to ask about things that can make trouble. Irony. Oedipus talks about it anyway. Jocasta says, Well, I don't believe in psychics. I'll prove it. Picturesque! Laius and I were told that our baby would kill him and high school marry me. But this never happened, because we left the baby to die in uvedale essays on the the woods. And the witness said that Laius was killed at that place where three roads meet by robbers. Uh-oh, says Oedipus. Which three roads?
Irony. Jocasta says, It's where the roads from Thebes, Delphi, and papers uk Daulis meet. And it happened just before you solved the riddle of the essays on the picturesque, sphinx and became king. Oedipus is research papers, upset. He asks Zeus (chief god), What are you doing to price on the, me? He asks Jocasta for a description. Doctoral Dissertation! Jocasta says, Tall, a little gray in his hair, and you know something, he looked a lot like you. Irony. Oedipus continues his questioning. The one witness, seeing Oedipus as the new king, asked for a distant transfer. He was a good man, and Jocasta didn't know why he wanted away, but she granted his request.
Oedipus tells his story. He was going to the oracles to find out whether he was adopted. Essays! All of them told him simply that he would kill his father and marry his mother. As he was traveling alone at the place Jocasta has mentioned, he met a group of high school homework websites men going in the opposite direction. The men, including the uvedale price essays on the, leader, started insulting him. Do Online For Me! Sophocles makes it sound like like a gang of rough men just hassling a lone stranger for fun. One of the men shoved Oedipus. Oedipus punched him back. The leader struck Oedipus treacherously on the back of the head with the horse staff, Oedipus turned and hit the leader in the chest with his own staff, knocking him out uvedale, of the chariot. High School Help Websites! Then Oedipus managed to kill them all except for the one who ran away. It was justifiable, self-defense.
But Oedipus is devastated. He says he must be the killer of uvedale price picturesque Laius, and he is ashamed that he has been having sex with his victim's wife. Oedipus says This is too terrible to have happened naturally -- it must be the malicious work of some god or other. He says he will simply leave the city, now, and let the apa referencing unpublished doctoral, plague end. He adds that he cannot go back to uvedale essays on the, Corinth, for fear of killing his own father and marrying his own mother. The Chorus is deeply sympathetic to Oedipus, and reviewer appreciative of his willingness to go voluntarily into exile to save the city. Price Essays! They say, Before you make your final decision, try to school websites, find the last witness. Maybe he will exonerate you.
And Oedipus notes, The witness did say it was robbers, plural. Jocasta adds, Whatever happens, I'll never believe in psychics or oracles. Laius was prophesied to die by the hand of his own child. The Chorus sings a puzzling song about how (1) we have to obey the gods; (2) the gods's best gift is good government; (3) if the government is bad, there is no reason to be good; (4) nobody believes in oracles any more. Jocasta comes in, having visited the local shrines and left little offerings, and asks people to join her in praying for the distraught Oedipus. He's our leader, and we need him now. She prays to Apollo to make this disastrous situation better. Irony. Just then, a messenger comes in on the from Corinth. Online! He says Lucky Jocasta, you lucky wife! (Actually, Blessed is uvedale price essays on the picturesque, your marriage bed!
Irony.) The king of Corinth has died, and the Corinthians have chosen Oedipus to on dowry in kannada language, be their new king. (Greek city-states were often elective monarchies.) Jocasta says, Great news. Uvedale Price On The! And Oedipus will be especially pleased, because now the oracle about him killing his father is void. You see, I was right not to believe in oracles. Irony. Oedipus comes in, hears the news, and school help says, Maybe the oracle has been fulfilled figuratively; perhaps he died of grief for my absence. But I'm still worried about marrying my mother. Jocasta says, Forget it. Life is governed by uvedale essays, chance, not destiny. Papers Uk! Maybe you'll dream about marrying your mother. Price Essays! You should ignore dreams.
Oedipus is still worried. When he explains to the messenger, the man cracks up and says, Well, I've got some good news for you. You don't have to apa referencing unpublished doctoral, worry about price essays marrying the lady you've called mother. because you're adopted! All hell breaks loose. Oedipus questions the messenger, and learns the messenger had been herding sheep, had met a shepherd who had found Oedipus, had taken the baby, had taken the pin out of research paper format kids his ankles, and essays on the picturesque had given him to the king and unpublished dissertation queen of Corinth to raise as their own. Oedipus is starting to uvedale price essays on the picturesque, wonder about what has always been wrong with his feet. Oedipus says, It's time to clear this up.
Send for the other shepherd. Jocasta realizes exactly what has happened. Jocasta begs Oedipus NOT to pursue the matter. Oedipus says he has to know. High School Homework! (If Oedipus wasn't so intent on getting to the truth, there'd be no play.) Jocasta runs out horribly upset. Oedipus is a little slower, and thinks, Perhaps she's upset to find out I'm not really of uvedale price on the royal blood.
But what the heck -- I'm 'Destiny's child' -- and that's something to be proud of! I'm me. Irony. The Chorus sing a song in honor of Apollo, and of the woods where Oedipus was found. The say the spot will become famous. How To Become! Perhaps Oedipus is the child of nymphs and satyrs.
Irony. The other shepherd is brought in. He already has figured things out, and price essays picturesque pretends he doesn't remember. Then he begs the other messenger to be quiet. But Oedipus insists on essay the truth. It comes out. Jocasta and Laius crippled the baby and put it in the woods to foil a prophecy. Oedipus had, indeed, always wondered what was wrong with his feet. Now everybody knows the truth. Oedipus rushes out.
The Chorus sings a song about how transient happiness is, what a splendid king Oedipus has been, and how Oedipus is price, now the victim of destiny. The next scene is an kids extremely graphic account, by uvedale on the, an eyewitness. Essay On Dowry In Kannada Language! Jocasta ran into the bedroom, screaming. She locked the door from inside. A few minutes later, Oedipus came in, and broke down the door with what seemed to uvedale price on the picturesque, be supernatural strength. He found Jocasta dead, hanging.
Oedipus took the body down, then removed the pin that held up her dress. He stabbed it again and again into his eyes, saying he has looked at his mother's naked body when he shouldn't, and he has learned what he now wishes he hadn't. The blood didn't merely dribble, as after a single needlestick. It gushed on both sides. For this to happen, the how to become, choroidal artery that enters the eye from price, behind must be severed. We can think that Oedipus has actually torn the globes from their sockets. Oedipus now begs to be taken out of the kids, city (so that the plague will end), but he has no strength and no guide.
Oedipus comes in. Evidently Oedipus passed out after blinding himself, and he curses the person who resuscitated him. The Chorus asks, How were you able to rip out your eyeballs? Oedipus replies, Apollo gave me the strength to essays picturesque, do it. Creon is the new king.
He is not angry, merely kind. High School Help! He helps Oedipus up and out of the city, guided by his two daughters. Staff in hand, Oedipus himself is the price on the picturesque, answer to the riddle of the language, sphinx. Oedipus says that some incredible destiny must surely await him. But the Chorus ends with a reflection on how transient human happiness often is: Don't say anybody is fortunate until that person is dead -- the final rest, free from pain. Uvedale Price On The! (There is an echo here of Solon's words to homework for me, Croesus -- don't assume that any particular life will end happily. Is the sense the same here, or different?) What is price on the picturesque, Sophocles saying?
To discern an author's intentions, look for material that is not required by do online homework, the plot or intended simply to please the essays, audience. In retelling the story of Oedipus, Sophocles goes beyond mere irony. A major theme in the play is whether one can believe in apa referencing doctoral dissertation oracles and psychics. Price Picturesque! By extension, the question is whether the Greeks believed their own mythology. Sophocles makes a special effort to apa referencing unpublished, explain that Oedipus killed Laius in self-defense. More generally, Sophocles goes out of his way to uvedale on the, present Oedipus as an extremely capable, beloved administrator. Conspicuously, Sophocles NEVER suggests that Oedipus has brought his destiny on himself by any ungodly pride ( hybris ) or tragic flaw ( hamartia ). The last lines seem ambiguous. They could mean that the dead are more fortunate than the living, because they do not experience pain. Apa Referencing Doctoral! Is life really that bad? The gods made the prophecies that led Oedipus into disaster.
The sphinx appeared (she must have been sent by the gods), and uvedale price on the picturesque Oedipus solved her riddle (the chorus says he must have been guided by the gods.) Teiresias could not solve the riddle, or detect the killer -- thanks to papers online, the gods. At the beginning, Apollo's oracle simply says, Find the price essays on the, killer -- leading to the cruel ironies of the play. Oedipus specifically says the how to a book reviewer, gods set up his extraordinary misfortune. And at uvedale price the end, Apollo merely gives Oedipus the become, strength to carve his own eyes out of their sockets. In other words, Sophocles says that Oedipus's frightful misadventure is the price on the, intentional work of the gods. At the end, everybody says this. Essay On Dowry Language! Pure and simple. Nobody even asks why. The Golden Age of Athens was a time for thinkers, scientists, inventors, and for uvedale price essays picturesque people to share ideas freely. Greeks were very impressed with reason, and do online homework for me must surely have been asking whether they still believed in their mythology. Social conservatives prosecuted Socrates for expressing doubts about the gods, but only because they thought this would corrupt the on the picturesque, minds of young people. (Does this sound familiar?)
People have often noted that comedy and melodrama have arisen independently in many cultures, but that tragedy has its unique beginnings in Athens's golden age -- the research online uk, first time that we hear people asking the tough questions about what they really believed. The idea that Sophocles is putting forward is much like the dark supernatural suggestions that Stephen King offers our own doubting age. Essays! Stephen King and his readers don't really believe in his creepy monsters. And I don't know whether Sophocles really believed the message of Oedipus the King. Sophocles is papers online, saying, Maybe the gods do exist. and are consciously and elaborately MALICIOUS. This is the only reason that such terrible things could happen to people. Aristotle's Poetics are lecture notes on poetry, with a focus on tragedy. Aristotle liked to uvedale essays on the picturesque, classify and evaluate things, and also liked to talk about research paper format for elementary kids human virtue and price essays vice. Eventually, this got him the best teaching job of his time, as tutor to the boy who became Alexander the doctoral dissertation, Great. Aristotle is reacting in part against Plato's objection to art and theater.
Aristotle was especially interested in justifying tragedy to uvedale on the picturesque, an audience concerned with public morals. I am quoting below from the translation of the Poetics by unpublished dissertation, S.H. Barber. After introducing his subject, Aristotle talks about the subject of tragedy. Uvedale Price Essays On The Picturesque! Since the objects of imitation are men in action, and these men must be either of a higher or a lower type (for moral character mainly answers to these divisions, goodness and badness being the distinguishing marks of moral differences), it follows that we must represent men either as better than in real life, or as worse, or as they are. Homework For Me! It is the same in painting.
Polygnotus depicted men as nobler than they are, Pauson as less noble, Dionysius drew them true to life. -- II. In other words, when you paint or play a person, you can idealize him, you can lampoon him, or you can try for realism. Aristotle continues. The same distinction marks off Tragedy from Comedy; for Comedy aims at representing men as worse, Tragedy as better than in actual life. -- II. Aristotle means both better-spoken and of better moral character.
Aristotle goes on uvedale price essays on the picturesque to explain why people make poetry in the first place. He decides that there's an instinct to mimic things, and people like the imitations of others because it's fun to recognize things. He continues. Poetry now diverged in two directions, according to the individual character of the writers. School Homework Help! The graver spirits imitated noble actions, and the actions of good men. The more trivial sort imitated the actions of meaner persons, at first composing satires, as the former did hymns to the gods and the praises of famous men. -- IV. Aristotle adds that the tragedians were the successors of the epic poets, who also focused on price on the high and become noble deeds. Aristotle wonders whether Tragedy will ever be better than it was in his era. He tells about its origins in improvisation, and its recent history. Aeschylus first introduced a second actor; he diminished the importance of the uvedale price essays picturesque, Chorus, and assigned the leading part to the dialogue.
Sophocles raised the number of actors to three, and added scene-painting. -- IV Originally, tragedies were songs sung by a chorus. Then one member would take the role of a character. Aeschylus added a second speaking part apart from the chorus. Sophocles added a third, and introduced stage scenery. Now Aristotle moves into the famous definition of format kids tragedy. Tragedy, then, is an imitation of an action that is uvedale on the picturesque, serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kind of in kannada language artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in the form of action, not of narrative; through pity and fear effecting the proper purgation of these emotions. -- VI. Tragedy must be a unified story, about something important. Aristotle would say later that tragedy should involve high-ranking people.
He doesn't give any reason that makes sense. Price Essays! Probably he thought that the great themes of life required larger-than-life characters. Arthur Miller would write about research format a salesman as a tragic hero, Willy Low-Man. Uvedale Price! And a comic hero would be Truman -- the one true-man in a world that deceives him. The end of the paragraph begins the business that has caused all the essay, trouble. Purging means taking a laxative (our word cathartic for a laxative comes from the Greek term catharsis, which you already know).
You watch a tragedy to have a good cry, and get rid of your ideas about bad things happening to good people. Every Tragedy, therefore, must have six parts, which parts determine its quality- namely, Plot, Character, Diction, Thought, Spectacle, Song. -- VI. Aristotle goes on to explain what these are. Plot: the story; the good ones focus on a single episode. Character: the personalities of the characters, as shown in their words and actions. (Considering the limitations of the form, the Greeks did a nice job of drawing character.) Diction: the right choice of words. Uvedale Price On The! Aristotle points out how effective using just the become, right word can be. Thought: Arguments and price essays exposition. Aristotle compares it to rhetoric. Spectacle: as we'd say, special effects. Not so much the poet's business as the stage-specialist's.
Song: words joined to music. What is missing? Aristotle never mentions theme , the thoughts about life on which tragedies can be based. Aristotle was a very smart person, and the Greek tragedies remain popular today, not as museum pieces, but as comments on life. Yet Aristotle is silent on how to reviewer this important element of tragedy. As you continue to study literature, you'll constantly look for themes. I like Shakespeare, and like the ancient Greeks, his themes are often troubling. Macbeth gets much of price essays on the its impact from its central question -- Is life really a meaningless exercise in a dog-eat-dog world? Hamlet focuses on the phoniness and meanness of human society. Hamlet starts by wishing he was dead. At the end, he comes to essay on dowry in kannada, terms with life as many modern secularists do, deciding to live and love well in an unfair world.
The themes of Romeo and uvedale essays on the Juliet were radical in apa referencing doctoral dissertation Shakespeare's time. Shakespeare changed the messsage of essays on the his source (which was a cautionary tale for teenagers to obey their parents instead of making their own decisions.) Young people should be allowed to choose their own husbands and wives. The disasters of young people -- even a godawful teenaged murder-suicide -- can sometimes be rightly blamed on their parents. And love gives happiness and dignity even in the worst circumstances. Antony and Cleopatra asks the age-old question: Does illicit love ennoble people, or just degrade them? King Lear reaches a conclusion similar to online uk, Oedipus the uvedale price essays picturesque, King, but with the idea that unselfish human love can, at least temporarily, give beauty and meaning in a godless world. Aristotle, the school-teacher, is actually steering his students AWAY from looking for doctoral dissertation themes. Aristotle goes on price picturesque to say that the plot is for me, best kept unified, without subplots, and the action not covering more then 24 hours. Subjects from mythology are traditional but not mandatory. (Aristotle thought people would be more willing to uvedale price, suspend disbelief if the papers, stories came from accepted mythology.) If there are to be coincidences, they should seem to make sense.
But again, Tragedy is an picturesque imitation not only of a complete action, but of events inspiring fear or pity. Such an effect is best produced when the high websites, events come on us by surprise; and the effect is uvedale price essays on the picturesque, heightened when, at the same time, they follow as cause and effect. The tragic wonder will then be greater than if they happened of essay in kannada themselves or by accident; for even coincidences are most striking when they have an air of design. We may instance the statue of Mitys at Argos, which fell upon his murderer while he was a spectator at a festival, and killed him. Such events seem not to be due to on the picturesque, mere chance. Plots, therefore, constructed on these principles are necessarily the best. -- IX. Coincidences are crowd-pleasers, and people are willing to suspend disbelief in them. (People want to believe in magic.) A character today might say that the research papers online uk, falling statue expressed the will of the uvedale price picturesque, Force. Aristotle launches into a big discussion about simple vs. Apa Referencing Doctoral! complex plots. The best plots are complex, with twists or irony (he calls both of on the picturesque these reversal of the situation) or bombshells (recognition scenes). Aristotle describes a scene of suffering as characteristic of tragedy; it depicts somebody suffering physically or dying onstage.
A perfect tragedy should, as we have seen, be arranged not on the simple but on the complex plan. It should, moreover, imitate actions which excite pity and on dowry in kannada language fear, this being the distinctive mark of tragic imitation. It follows plainly, in the first place, that the change of fortune presented must not be the spectacle of a virtuous man brought from prosperity to uvedale picturesque, adversity: for how to this moves neither pity nor fear; it merely shocks us. Nor, again, that of a bad man passing from adversity to prosperity: for nothing can be more alien to the spirit of Tragedy; it possesses no single tragic quality; it neither satisfies the moral sense nor calls forth pity or fear. Nor, again, should the downfall of the utter villain be exhibited. A plot of essays this kind would, doubtless, satisfy the do online homework for me, moral sense, but it would inspire neither pity nor fear; for uvedale on the picturesque pity is aroused by unmerited misfortune, fear by the misfortune of a man like ourselves. Such an event, therefore, will be neither pitiful nor terrible.
There remains, then, the character between these two extremes- that of unpublished doctoral dissertation a man who is not eminently good and just, yet whose misfortune is brought about not by vice or depravity, but by some error or frailty . He must be one who is highly renowned and prosperous -- a personage like Oedipus, Thyestes, or other illustrious men of such families. -- XIII This passage continues to uvedale on the picturesque, cause problems. Plays about bad people ending up happy don't satisfy Aristotle. (Beavis and Butt-Head Do America doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of apa referencing tragedy.) Plays about uvedale thoroughly bad people getting their just deserts in help the end don't work because we can't identify with the bad guy. (Richard III doesn't fit Aristotle's definition of a tragedy, either.) Finally, Aristotle cannot imagine that a tragedy could deal with disaster befalling a completely sympathetic character. Essays! He says this would merely shock us. But Oedipus the King DOES shock us, and is intended to high school help, do so. Why is uvedale price essays on the picturesque, Aristotle avoiding the do online homework, obvious? We'll soon see. A well-constructed plot should, therefore, be single in its issue, rather than double as some maintain. Uvedale Price! The change of online fortune should be not from bad to good, but, reversely, from price on the picturesque, good to bad. It should come about as the result not of vice, but of some great error or frailty, in a character either such as we have described, or better rather than worse. Homework Websites! The practice of the stage bears out our view. -- XIII.
By double plots, Aristotle is referring to uvedale price picturesque, serious plays that have a disaster in the middle, but a happy ending. Aristotle considers these to be inferior, but admits that many people prefer them. In the second rank comes the kind of tragedy which some place first. Like the Odyssey, it has a double thread of plot, and also an opposite catastrophe for the good and for the bad. It is accounted the best because of the weakness of the spectators; for the poet is guided in what he writes by the wishes of his audience. The pleasure, however, thence derived is not the true tragic pleasure. It is proper rather to apa referencing unpublished dissertation, Comedy, where those who, in the piece, are the deadliest enemies -- like Orestes and Aegisthus -- quit the uvedale price essays picturesque, stage as friends at the close, and no one slays or is high help websites, slain. -- XIII This only makes sense if you share Aristotle's assumption that the purpose of serious drama is to make you have a good scare and a good cry and go back to thinking that real-life is more fair. Aristotle goes on to explain that the best plots and uvedale price essays picturesque the best scripts themselves arouse pity and fear, and that the best plays don't even need the special effects.
Fear and become a book pity may be aroused by uvedale price essays picturesque, spectacular means; but they may also result from the inner structure of the piece, which is the better way, and paper format kids indicates a superior poet. Price On The! For the plot ought to be so constructed that, even without the aid of the eye, he who hears the tale told will thrill with horror and melt to pity at what takes place. This is the impression we should receive from hearing the story of the Oedipus. -- XIV. Aristotle goes on. Let us then determine what are the circumstances which strike us as terrible or pitiful. Research Papers! -- XIV They are aroused especially when people kill friends or family. The killer may or may not know what he/she is doing.
It can happen onstage, or be discovered, as (Aristotle points out) in uvedale price picturesque Oedipus the King. Aristotle was a product of a book his times. In respect of Character there are four things to be aimed at. First, and most important, it must be good. Essays On The! Now any speech or action that manifests moral purpose of any kind will be expressive of character: the character will be good if the purpose is become, good. This rule is relative to each class. Even a woman may be good, and also a slave; though the woman may be said to be an inferior being, and uvedale price on the the slave quite worthless. Become Reviewer! The second thing to aim at is propriety. There is a type of manly valor; but valor in a woman, or unscrupulous cleverness is inappropriate. Uvedale Essays Picturesque! -- XV. We do not have to be left-wing activists or injustice-collectors to despise this kind of sexism and classism. But the truth is that on the Greek stage, the reviewer, women are as interesting, sympathetic, intelligent and brave as the men -- an essays obvious fact that Aristotle ignores.
Aristotle goes on to say that characters should be believable, the kinds of people we meet in life, and that characters should be consistent. Aristotle has a problem with Euripides's Iphegenia in Aulis, which tells the story of a sudden decision for heroic altruism. It remains to speak of Diction and papers online Thought, the other parts of Tragedy having been already discussed. Concerning Thought, we may assume what is said in the Rhetoric, to which inquiry the subject more strictly belongs. Uvedale Price Picturesque! Under Thought is included every effect which has to be produced by speech, the subdivisions being: proof and refutation; the excitation of the feelings, such as pity, fear, anger, and the like; the suggestion of importance or its opposite. How To! Now, it is evident that the dramatic incidents must be treated from the same points of view as the price, dramatic speeches, when the object is to evoke the sense of pity, fear, importance, or probability. -- XIX. Aristotle talks about realism, which is a curious topic when talking about tales from online uk, Greek mythology. Essays On The! Further, if it be objected that the description is not true to fact, the poet may perhaps reply, But the on dowry in kannada, objects are as they ought to be; just as Sophocles said that he drew men as they ought to be; Euripides, as they are. Uvedale Price! In this way the objection may be met. If, however, the representation be of neither kind, the poet may answer, This is how men say the thing is, applies to tales about the gods.
It may well be that these stories are not higher than fact nor yet true to fact: they are, very possibly, what Xenophanes says of them. -- XXV. Xenophanes came out and said it -- the tales of Greek Mythology are fiction. Aristotle knows this is online uk, important, but once again, he avoided the rough issue. Somebody may ask you about Sophocles portraying people as they should be, and Euripides portraying people as they are. Sophocles shows Oedipus as gracious, capable, and altruistic.
Sophocles has Ajax write a magnificent suicide note and end a useful life rather than live with the stigma of mental illness. Sophocles has Orestes kill his own mother without a lick of regret, making a speech about how everybody who breaks any law should be summarily executed. Euripides, by contrast, shows a woman murdering her two children in price picturesque cold blood just to get back at their father. You can have fun examining this further. I think I understand.
Aristotle got paid to tell young people that if they lived good lives, really bad things wouldn't happen to them. To explain why they saw really bad things happening to a book reviewer, good people onstage, Aristotle gave two (contradictory) answers. 1. When something really bad happens to a good person in a tragedy, it is essays on the, because that person has a tragic flaw. 2. When something really bad happens to school websites, a good person in a tragedy, it is just make-believe. It is so you can have a good scare and a good cry. This gets these emotions out of your system. You can go back to the real world, where life is price essays on the, fair. It's bunk, intended to keep people from complaining about help websites Sophocles's devastating theme. Aristotle may have been the first schoolteacher to smokescreen Sophocles's message that the gods might be malicious.
He may have thought he was right to uvedale price essays on the picturesque, do so. Aristotle's popularity among schoolteachers has helped hide Sophocles's grim idea. Format For Elementary Kids! Even today, students are forced to price picturesque, write essays about apa referencing dissertation tragic flaws and uvedale price essays picturesque purging pity and fear. Somehow, hybris (ungodly pride, arrogance, and so forth) has come to be identified as the usual tragic fault. I cannot understand why -- the idea does not seem to be Aristotle's. But whenever something bad happens to a basically good person in a tragedy, students are invited to for elementary kids, see hybris. (Hubris is the same word; the Greek letter upsilon looks like our Y and is its origin, but the sound was more like the uhh that I make when I have no idea what to say.) In Antigone , Sophocles has the chorus specifically call Creon on his hybris, i.e., his impious decree intended to promote national security. I have seen this section from Antigone quoted and said to be from Oedipus the King, as proof that Oedipus has a tragic flaw of hybris. In Aeschylus's Agamemnon , the murderess gets the victim to do a vainglorious, un-Greek walk down a red carpet in order to essays picturesque, gain public support after the murder. Other characters (Aeschylus's Prometheus, the victims of school homework Euripides's Dionysus) are punished wrongfully for standing up for uvedale on the what most of us would say is common sense and high school homework help websites genuine goodness. It is hard to generalize this.
Interestingly, I can't find the idea of hybris in Aristotle's Poetics. During the sixties, we especially resented being told that Antigone's act of civil disobedience / political protest was hybris. You can't defend yourself against uvedale price essays on the picturesque an accusation of hybris. For Me! I am an honest physician who engages in public debates. When I catch somebody deliberately deceiving the public, they never defend their cases on the facts, but almost always call me arrogant or elitist. (If you have no case, shout hybris!) Through my Shakespeare site, I often get requests, What is Hamlet's tragic flaw?, etc., etc.
I tell people that they're asking the wrong question, and to essays on the, look instead at what the author is really saying about life. If Aristotle and his successors had been free to speak the truth clearly, here are some points that would come up in discussion and with which most students (then and now) would probably agree. In our world, very bad things do sometimes happen to very good people. Your chief security comes from what people know you can do well. This results in turn from your natural abilities, your effort, and your good character. It's safest, and essay in kannada the best strategy, to try to be a good person.
It's fun to be scared at shows, and to uvedale essays on the picturesque, cry. But we don't want to be rid of research uk these emotions, but to feel them most intensely. Uvedale Price Essays Picturesque! Perhaps we can also bring back, from a good play or movie, something that will help us make sense of research paper format ourselves, our neighbors, and essays on the our world. Oedipus seeks the how to reviewer, truth about himself despite the warnings that it will not bring him happiness. We cannot blame Aristotle for the centuries of ignorance during which his authority was used to limit free inquiry. Picturesque! But today, most people admire those who bravely seek the truth about nature, and about themselves. It is a modern, rather than an Aristotelian, theme.
Greek serious drama (tragedy) reaches an intensity that remains unsurpassed. A Book! Serious drama did go on, after the Greeks, to become richer in many ways, including variety of plot, character, and theme. Much of the power of serious literature (like tragedy, and like the comedies of Aristophanes and uvedale price picturesque Shakespeare) comes from the philosophical issues that it raises. Research For Elementary! We do not have to be frightened when we run into a theme with which we disagree. If history teaches us anything, it is that we need to be more frightened of people who would restrict the free sharing of ideas, or force a stupid right-wing or left-wing ideology on us. Young people naturally discuss whether the uvedale, stories they hear in church are true, and format kids perhaps even whether the universe itself might be malevolent. (Today's teens enjoy the tongue-in-cheek adventure game, Call of Cthulhu, in which the spiritual powers of the universe are insanely cruel, though less subtle.) Whether or not Sophocles was serious in putting this latter idea forward, simply recognizing that he has done so will not corrupt the price on the picturesque, morals of young people. Every person must find his or her own answer to the mystery of why bad things happen to good people in a universe supposedly under God's control. Yet even if people reach different conclusions, and express them freely, people can usually still live and work together in peace and do online for me good-will.
Few thinking people, then or now, will credit the uvedale essays on the, idea that Apollo, or one of his counterparts, deliberately engineers disasters. But Sophocles's theme rings partially true to those of us who approach the universe with a sense of awe, as a mystery where perhaps there is apa referencing dissertation, more than there appears to be. They may not have told you that hamartia is the word used in the original Greek of the New Testament for sin. The King James Version has 172 instances. Jim Donahoe's essay on price picturesque Oedipus's tragic flaw is no longer online. In the end however, Oedipus becomes more humble and accepts his fate. He becomes a better person and apa referencing is better off after his fall. Dr. Black, from Malaspina College (link now down) wrote that Oedipus's flaw is his special ability to uvedale essays picturesque, solve riddles, his detective ability, one might say, or his intellect.
Yet this is a form of hubris -- the belief that one can understand, read, predict, control the future etc. through one's native wit, and this is what brings him down, despite several warnings to give up the hunt. Reason = Apollo. Myth Man. Oedipus. Research Papers Uk! brought about his own downfall because of his excessive obsession to know himself. I'm honored to uvedale price essays picturesque, be the source of his quotation (Thus, some say that the moral of the story is, Even if you try to thwart your destiny, you won't succeed.). Link is now down. University of Pennsylvania classics department essay on Oedipus's tragic flaw . in apa referencing this account, his basic flaw is uvedale picturesque, his lack of paper for elementary knowledge about his own identity. The writer is fair enough to point out price on the, that unlike other tragic heroes, Oedipus bears no responsibility for his flaw. You can decide for school yourself whether this fits with Aristotle's use of the term, taken in context.
Ian Johnston -- also offers a free translation (thanks!) Points out themes common to world literature prior to essays, the decline in religious belief. Online Uk! Who does control our lives? What sort of relationship do we have to that divine force? Concludes that Oedipus has no moral failures, and that his flaw is his very excellence -- and price essays on the this also gives him his tragic greatness. Letters on the Classics People always think that because Aristotle said a tragic hero's downfall should be due to a tragic flaw (hamartia) , and Aristotle admired King Oedipus above all tragedies, therefore Oedipus must have a flaw. [This is a false premise under Aristotle's very own logic.] And so they have struggled to find one. Research Paper For Elementary! The whole business of 'tragic flaws' is something that English and Drama teachers have got hold of from on the picturesque, some book they read when they were students. No one these days who has actually studied Greek tragedy believes there is any such thing. Tragic Flaws . . I realized something quite interesting: just about everything Aristle says about do online homework for me tragic heroes is wrong. Aristotle had postulated the principle of the tragic flaw in tragedy. Uvedale Price Essays On The Picturesque! A hero, who is mostly good, makes some sort of mistake related to high school homework, acharacter flaw, usually hybris or pride.
However, from on the picturesque, what I read, I realised that tragic heroes are almost never brought down by flaws or by hybris . Do Online! In fact, in most cases, the protagonist is actually destroyed by his or her virtues. In puzzling over this, I realised that Aristotle is, in fact,not trying to explain exactly what is happening in tragedy but what should be happening. Essays On The Picturesque! He is unpublished, answering a very specific challenge to the very existence of tragedy presented by Plato in the Republic Book III. Plato had argued that tragedy corrupted the audience. Aristotle's development of the tragic flaw is a response to this challenge. Uvedale Essays On The! The author has a Ph.D. in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. Link is now down: Cyber Essays to help students. The anonymous author discusses Oedipus the King with reference to Socrates's dictum, The unexamined life is dissertation, not worth living and (A.A. Winnie the price essays on the picturesque, Pooh Milne's dictum) When ignorance is bliss, it is folly to be wise. Seeking a tragic flaw for research online Oedipus, the author says that Oedipus would have been better not to uvedale picturesque, have been so curious.
What the homework help, essay ignores is that Oedipus pursued the truth to save his city, not to amuse himself. The author avoids this obvious point in drawing his own non-Sophoclean conclusion. It's better not to know. We used to hear this from anti-science college-campus types on both the far-right and the far-left, who want to reshape society down ideological lines. You'll have to decide for yourself about uvedale on the picturesque this. But like it or not, focusing on science over in kannada language make-believe has a lot to do with why whole cities don't die of the plague any more.
This essay has been offered for price sale (and perhaps still is) by at on dowry language least two websites set up for students who for whatever reason do not want to write their own papers. I have received no response to my protests. Teachers: Click here to begin your search for online essays intended for price on the picturesque would-be plagiarists. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. Students: If your teacher is at all computer-savvy, and you turn in a paper that you took for free off the web, you will be caught. Everybody will make fun of you, and you can forget about being a doctor, lawyer, or whatever.
That'll be your tragic flaw. Ha ha! Arthur Miller wrote, The flaw, or crack in the character [of Oedipus], is really nothing -- and need be nothing -- but his inherent unwillingness to remain passive in the face of what he conceives to essay language, be a challenge to uvedale price picturesque, his dignity, his image of his rightful status. Only the passive, only those who accept their lots without active retaliation, are 'flawless.' Most of us are in that category. Miller adds that the school homework websites, terror and the fear that is classically associated with tragedy comes from questioning the price, unquestioned. Maybe this is more about Miller than about Sophocles -- but it was a good thought for do online for me the conformist, self-satisfied Fifties. Oedipus -- heroic-fantasy style painting.
Jocaste (was Iokaste) -- contemporary novel about Oedipus's wife-mother. Release date Sept. 2004. Re-released 2011. I'm Ed. You can visit me at my own page and follow the links from essays, there to my autopsy page, my notes on disease (the largest one-man online medical show, helping individuals around the essay language, world), my Adventure Gaming sites, or any of the other sites.
Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the commas are supposed to go inside the quotation marks. This became standard to protect fragile bits of movable type. Price Essays Picturesque! My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document. Teens: Stay away from drugs, work yourself extremely hard in class or at your trade, play sports if and only if you like it, tell the grownups who support you that you love them (no matter what the circumstances), and get out of abusive relationships by any means. Essay On Dowry In Kannada! The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people. Thanks for visiting. Health and friendship. To include this page in a bibliography, you may use this format: Friedlander ER (1999) Enjoying Oedipus the uvedale price on the, King by Sophocles Retrieved Dec. 25, 2003 from high school homework help websites, http://www.pathguy.com/oedipus.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the site itself is The Pathology Guy and the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is Ed Friedlander MD. Visitors send me this question from essays on the picturesque, time to time.
If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and war on drugs profiteering. then the answer is probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, If there is homework, a God, why do horrible things happen to perfectly good people? And how do we explain this to children? -- then the answer is maybe that Sophocles deals with basic human issues. A week after setting up this site, people are already writing me to tell me that I am wrong, but not why. Each of three teachers has told me that The class agreed Oedipus caused his own problem. I use the term immoral for the idea that the gods deliberately set up horrible disasters, simply for uvedale price essays picturesque lack of a better English word. And it seems appropriate to me. (Cliff Notes used the dissertation, word moral for the idea that the gods are fair and decent.) If you can think of on the a better one, please let me know. If you are a student writing on Oedipus , perhaps you can find a typically Greek solution.
Athenians often constructed sentences in high homework help websites the form of One the one hand ( men ). Uvedale Essays On The! and on the other hand ( de ). High School Homework! Argue both sides. It'll be fun and prevent trouble. If your instructor is a proponent of one of the three sides of the culture war, you can make him/her happy and uvedale still be honest. If your instructor is a conservative religionist (Religious Right, etc., etc.), point out how Sophocles recognizes the falsity of old, heathen mythologies, how their false idols were cruel and papers online amoral, etc., etc. If your instructor is uvedale picturesque, a left-wing social-activist / postmodernist focused on grievance-group politics, point out how Sophocles challenges the traditional belief structures of the oppressive patriarchy, etc., etc. If your instructor is in kannada, a scientific naturalist, argue that Sophocles actually knew that Greek mythology, and essays all the talk about gods and so forth, was bunk, and maybe this is what he is really telling us. If you are a teacher taking a traditional classroom approach to Oedipus the papers online, King, be ready for these questions from your students. Cliff Notes, which is price essays, as usual pretty good, warns that overemphasis on a search for the decisive flaw in the protagonist as the key factor for understanding the tragedy can lead to superficial or false interpretations. The author also warns that Aristotle's approach is sometimes too artificial or formula-prone in its conclusions. He goes on to say that some people say Oedipus's tragic flaw is his anger (at Laius, at Tiresias), his trying to escape his destiny, and his pride and determination in trying to get the herdsman to tell the truth. Research! (The author adds that Sophocles believes that the universe is fundamentally a profoundly moral place, though I can't tell why.) Why all the different supposed tragic flaws?
If a lone man is hassled and then physically attacked by price, a group of thugs on do online homework a deserted stretch of highway, especially when the area is not patrolled by fast police cars, he is much safer if he hits back than if he runs or begs for mercy. This isn't right, but it's a fact of essays picturesque life, and if you didn't know it, you have been protected and are naive. Sophocles presents Oedipus's killing of Laius as self-defense. What kind of sense does this make if Sophocles wants us to think Oedipus caused his own downfall? Today, if a psychic went on the air and accused a decent, respected government official of murder and incest, people would be furious and believe that this is crooked politics. Oedipus is papers uk, right to think this and to price essays on the, be very angry, though I think (as the Chorus does) that he goes too far in assuming Creon is behind it. Why would anybody think Oedipus should NOT be suspicious and angry? If Oedipus had not tried hard to research format kids, get to the truth, there would have been no play. Oedipus loses his temper with Creon, and the Chorus says he is over-reacting, but not that this causes his disaster. The Chorus sings about the need to revere the price on the, gods, but never that Oedipus has not done do. In fact, the Chorus, representing public opinion, never says Oedipus caused his disaster.
This is in spectacular contrast to the ending of Antigone, where the a book, Chorus sings about uvedale price essays on the Creon's hybris (I refuse to allow proper religious burial rites for do online a man who endangered National Security, this will make him an example and keep our people safe) and how it caused his ruin (Religion and conscience and decency and price essays on the human love take precedence over dissertation supposed National Security.) Does the word hybris even appear in Aristotle's Poetics? The site went up in price essays picturesque 1998, and has proved very popular. Most of my correspondents express appreciation -- especially fellow-educators. I do get maybe half a dozen abusive e-mails per year specifically about apa referencing unpublished this page, all claiming to come from uvedale essays on the, teachers. (My second such correspondent from 2007 claimed to teach English at a major university, but the research format for elementary, department chairman tells me that he knows of no such person.) At least I'm glad people still feel strongly enough about classical literature to send hate mail. However, not one of them (or anyone else) has ever tried to explain why I am wrong -- and that leads me to draw the obvious conclusion. If you have no case, shout hybris . If you are a student who has been punished for using this website, please contact me and I'll probably be able to take care of price essays on the picturesque it for you. Whatever you decide, I hope that everybody enjoys Sophocles's Oedipus the King, and the Greek custom of free intellectual inquiry, as much as I have!
Health and friendship! This isn't the first time that everybody's told me that conventional wisdom is right and a book reviewer that I'm wrong, but not why. In the 1970's, I said: Peptic ulcer craters contain spiral bacteria, which are part of the process. Patients presenting with fibromyalgia symptoms have a real disease.
Nitrates do not dilate atherosclerotic coronary arteries. Bismuth has a specific, powerful effect on indigestion apart from its antacid effect. The psychologic roots for criminality are not in lack of self-esteem, but in a sense of entitlement and special privilege. Selenium has a specific, powerful effect on uvedale essays dandruff apart from its keratolytic effect. A large percentage of become a book SIDS deaths are intentional or negligent homicides, and a baby can smother by overling or on a mattress or big toy.
William Blake's private papers show that psychosis does not necessarily mean disability or lack of insight. I'm no Teiresias. But except for the last (where people are still telling me I'm wrong, but not why), I've been glad that common sense and uvedale picturesque a little basic understanding of the world eventually wins out over become a book academic dogma. Price Essays Picturesque! I'm thankful for the experimental method and the fact that science corrects itself. To the best of my knowledge, all the links on my literature pages are to free sites. In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for a price in become the low four figures. I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the domain and spare everybody from a lot of uvedale price picturesque wasted time.
It's a shame. School Websites! This site will always remain free, to help everybody enjoy the works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. If any of the sites to uvedale price essays, which I have linked are asking students for their money, please let me know. reset Jan. 30, 2005:
Ed says, This world would be a sorry place if people like me who call ourselves Christians didn't try to act as good as other good people . Click here to see the author's friend, Dr. Ken Savage, do it right.
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An essay on the picturesque, as compared with the - Internet Archive
roman slavery essay Brendan Patrick Sheridan. Slavery was a widespread practice in the ancient world even during the times of Plautus (c. 254-184 B.C.E.). As Rome expanded and conquered its foreign neighbors, the slave population grew. The practice of picturesque slavery became more common especially around the city of homework Rome, where the slave population grew to be a third of the population by the end of the Republic (Madden, 1996). Many laws concerning slavery were then developed throughout this period, dealing with the uvedale essays on the picturesque establishment of the status slave, to the treatment which a master could give this slave. Becoming a Slave. A person became a slave in a number of different ways. According to Rudolph Sohm, there were three basic methods for becoming a slave (Sohm, 1970:167).
One way to high school homework websites become a slave was to be convicted of a criminal charge ranging from uvedale price essays picturesque stealing, evasion of taxes or military service, falling into an unpaid debt, to how to become a book reviewer murder (Pritchard, 1961: 78). Pritchard remarks that the result of the on the court case would determine the harshness of the penalty, which could be, for example, working in the dreaded slave mines, like the silver mines in Spain. The decision could also condemn a person to death, at which time that person was considered a servus poenae (the belief being that a person was a slave from the school homework help websites end of the uvedale picturesque decision until the moment of death) (Pritchard, 1961: 72). The second way in which a person became a slave was considered one of two iura gentium , international laws, which Romans considered natural laws. Romans upheld foreign countries' recognition of slavery in do online for me accordance with this belief of natural laws (Pritchard, 1961: 73). Uvedale On The Picturesque? According to Watson, the essay on dowry first ius gentium declared that a person's citizenship relied upon the citizenship of the person's mother at price essays, the time of birth. If a mother was a slave (servus), her child was a slave; and if the how to become mother was a freedperson (liberta ) or freeperson (ingenua ), the child was a freeperson. This way of defining citizenship, resulting from the mother's status, arose due to problems in finding the father and his citizenship (Watson, 1987:10). The final way of becoming a slave (and second ius gentium ), according to uvedale Sohm, was whether a person, regardless of past history or citizenship, was taken prisoner by a hostile people (Sohm, 1970:167). In this way, a Roman civis serving in the military, who was then captured and enslaved by the enemy, would become a slave (Pritchard, 1961: 73).
Madden includes in this method both piracy and kidnapping. Watson also adds to these three categories the practice of research format for elementary kids a freeborn or freed family selling one of its members, usually a new-born, into uvedale, slavery. This manner was called the unpublished doctoral dissertation across the Tiber method, but eventually died out during the later stages of the Republic with the uvedale essays on the picturesque influx of a multitude of foreign slaves (Watson, 1987: 16). Other Types of Slaves. On top of these specifically mentioned slaves, Pritchard (1961:83-85) adds a list of quasi-slaves, whose rights and social standing were similar to those of a slave: 1. Statuliberi - Slaves made free by their master's will. These slaves remained slaves to their master's heir until the high school help websites heir set the slave free, but they were protected from cruel treatment by essays picturesque law.
2. Servi sub usufructu manumissi - Slaves made free by will remaining as slaves to their usufructuary until their usufruct ended. 3. Bona fide servientes - Freepersons acting as slaves to a master. 4. Auctorati - Free men who were professional gladiators, and under a gladiator-master contract. 5. Redempti - Freemen captured in war and unpublished ransomed back by a non-relative. These men remained endentured servants until they had worked off their debt to their master.
6. Coloni adscripti glebae - Freepersons or freedpersons who were tenant farmers. Rights of a Slave. Once a person was classified as a slave the person's rights were diminished immensely. The slave was not a person but a property, or a thing of its master, and the slave had no lawful place other than to benefit the uvedale picturesque master (Sohm, 1970:165-166). How To? The slave, however, did retain a couple of price essays on the picturesque humane rights with regard to a peculium and in accordance with the ius sacrum . The slave, viewed as a human, was allowed to manage some personal property called a p eculium (Sohm, 1970:165). This peculium could consist of a myriad of things including money and a slave's slave called a vicarius (Watson, 1987:99).
The peculium could be used by the slave in become many ways, but the slave was restricted in that all contracts entered by the slave involved the master, and the slave could not give his peculium to someone else so that the other person might use it to buy the slave's freedom (Watson, 1987: 95-101). The slave could save peculium and buy its freedom, but this usually only happened when the peculium outweighed the slave's value. The ius sacrum , on uvedale picturesque the other hand, allowed the research online slaves to practice certain aspects of religion, to be properly buried and to join certain religious associations (Sohm, 1970: 166). Rights of price essays on the picturesque a Master. In turn, masters had certain rights in uk dealing with their slaves. From the very beginning, masters had rights to protect themselves in transactions with slaves. In the agreements made with a slave dealer, the buyer was guaranteed by price essays picturesque law that the a book slave had neither defects nor was currently in uvedale picturesque the possession of another person (Watson, 1987: 49). Since the slave was regarded as the property of the paper for elementary master, a master could then inflict upon the slave as much or as little abuse as he or she found necessary. Being property, a master also owned everything the price picturesque slave acquired while serving this master, including the slave's peculium (Pritchard, 1961: 71). Thus, the research paper format for elementary little amount that a slave could acquire as personal property was, in legal terms, not even the slave's but rather the master's.
Along with this, because the slave was property to a master, if a third party committed any harm to a master's slave, this person was able to be prosecuted under the laws relating to the damaging of another's property (Watson, 1987: 54). Workplaces Regarding Rights. Under these guidelines, a slave began work in the area to which he or she was assigned. Work, on the whole, was hardest in the mines where the servi poenae toiled (Pritchard, 1961: 72). These slaves suffered immeasurably while working in uvedale on the the mines, and many preferred to die rather than go on working there. The next hardest division of labor came in the fields. Rural slaves also worked on latifundia in chains and harsh conditions, and, as a result, these ranches experienced significant dissension like that of Spartacus in how to become 73-71 B.C.E.(Dilke, 1975: 55). The slaves of the on the picturesque city were divided into two groups: public and private. The public slaves, on how to become a book reviewer the other hand, had the most rights of all divisions of essays on the slaves.
These slaves generally had a better legal status than other slaves, earned a salary, and in some cases had a right to half of their peculium (Barrow, 1928:131). Some of these public slaves, however, did not enjoy a better legal status such as the websites slaves put to work as oarsmen on ships in the navy (Barrow, 1928: 148). The resulting relationships between slaves and uvedale price essays on the picturesque their masters varied considerably. Nonetheless, if a master and his or her slave were on good terms, the slave had earned enough money to buy freedom (i.e. the slave's peculium was greater than or equal to essay in kannada language the slave's worth), and/or the slave had grown too old to serve, then the price essays on the picturesque master might free the reviewer slave through the uvedale price essays process of manumission (Sohm, 1970: 167-168). Sohm discusses three possible forms of for elementary kids manumission: The first form is called Manumissio vindicta . In this, the most commonly practiced form of manumission, the master, the slave, a third party, and uvedale essays a praetor gather to apa referencing doctoral dissertation manumit the slave.
The third party member lays a freedom rod, called a vindicta , on the slave pronouncing the slave free. The master then follows suit by placing his or her vindicta on the slave while the praetor witnesses both performing this action to the slave. The second form of manumission is the Manumissio testamento . In this form one of two things can happen: In the first condition, a slave is set free by a proclamation to do so in the master's will. In the uvedale essays second condition, the master entrusts his slave to another freeperson on how to the grounds that upon doing so, the slave be set free by the new master. In the on the picturesque second condition, the slave may not be immediately set free because the slave will only high school homework, be freed when the new master frees him or her, and, until the price essays picturesque slave is freed, the slave is in kannada language classified as a statuliber . The third and final form of uvedale essays picturesque manumission is the Manumissio censu . In this form the slave goes before the censor and proclaims to be a freedperson, at which time, if the censor agrees, the censor will record the slave's name down as a freedperson, and thus the for elementary slave will be manumitted (Sohm, 1970: 167-168). As a result of manumission, the slave is now a freedperson.
Freedpersons ( libertus ) had more rights than the slave, but still had less rights than a Roman freeperson ( ingenuus ). The freedperson had the price rights of a restricted citizen in that the freedperson can only vote in the city assemblies, is research for elementary kids not eligible for the cursus honorum , and can not enter a legion (Sohm, 1970: 169-170). However, the children born to a freedperson ( libertus ) are classified as freepersons ( ingenui ), and thereby gain access to the aforementioned privileges (Sohm, 1970: 170). Essays? Watson mentions that freedpersons and their former masters also enter a new relationship, typically as a client-patron relationship. The old masters as patrons must respect the right of succession, right to do online homework for me respect, and the reasonable amount of days worked. In terms of succession, if the freedperson has male heirs, the patron will get no money, but if the freedperson does not have any male heirs, the uvedale on the picturesque patron will get half of the acquired fortune. The right to respect merely refers to reviewer the fact that the on the picturesque former master must treat the freedperson as a freedperson and not a slave, while the paper for elementary kids proper amount of days worked varied, but should not be overly strenuous (Watson, 1987:35-41). The former master may also take on the role of the paterfamilias to the newly freedperson (Sohm, 1970: 70). These Roman practices of slavery are not entirely unique, however. Ancient Athens also had a similar code of slavery, but theirs was seemingly more humane. Uvedale Essays Picturesque? According to Harrison, Athenians followed the same iura gentium the Romans did in classifying their slaves, and their public slaves also had more rights than an average slave; they had a house, could bring a suit to trial, and were reportedly paid well.
The major difference is in the master's treatment of the slave. A slave was not allowed to homework for me be beaten inside the city, even if it were a master occasionally. The result would lead to essays on the picturesque an indictment of hybris (grajh Ñ'ubrewV). Language? A master could also not kill a slave, whereas in Rome a master could do whatever he wanted to his slave until the empire when a slave could take refuge at a temple or statue of an emperor (Bradley 124-125). The result in Athens would be an indictment of impiety (grajh 'asebeiaV).
In contrast with Roman practices of uvedale price essays on the manumission, however, freedpersons in Athens could not bear freeperson children, could not partake in the government, and had to pay a special tax (Harrison, 1968: 164-184). Finally, there was always an impending fear for the Romans that slaves were going to revolt due to their large numbers and mistreatment. This fear manifested itself in school help the death of Pedanius Secundus at the hands of one of his slaves in C.E. 61. As a result all 400 of his slaves were executed in order to frighten other slaves from resisting their masters as well (Shelton, 1988:178). Slavery depicted in price essays on the picturesque Plautus and especially the Aulularia gives a brief insight into the public's beliefs about slavery and the treatment of slaves.
Bradley believes Plautus is playing with the audience's fears of such uprisings with the use of his stock character of the crafty slave (Bradley, 1987:28-29). Lyconidis servus in the Aulularia depicts this crafty slave who steals Euclio's gold in ll.708-709, and assists with the high school help websites miserly Euclio's paranoia. Plautus further shows how slavery was practiced in the Republic with the characters of Strobilus, Staphyla, and even the cooks. By the time of the Aulularia slavery was growing and continued to do so after Plautus' life. While this practice seems cruel to a modern audience, to an ancient one it seemed natural. Uvedale Picturesque? And while one reads the Aulularia one must keep the social conditions of that time period in homework mind, not modern ones. One must fully understand the uvedale essays on the picturesque legal relationships between the slave and apa referencing unpublished doctoral master to comprehend motivations behind Staphyla, Strobilus, et al.
Barrow, Reginald Haynes. 1928. Slavery in the Roman Empire . New York: Dial Press. Bradley, K.R. 1987. Slaves and price on the Masters in paper format kids the Roman Empire . New York: Oxford U. Press. Dilke, O. A. Price Essays? W. 1975.
The Ancient Romans: How They Lived and Worked . Great Britain: DuFour Editions, Inc. Harrison, A.R.W. 1968. The Law of Athens . Oxford: Clarendon Press. Madden, John. 1996. Slavery in the Roman Empire: Numbers and papers online Origins. Classics Ireland 1996 vol. 3. U. College, Dublin, Ireland. Price Essays Picturesque? www.ucd.ie/ Pritchard, A.M. 1961.
Leage's Roman Private Law . New York: St. Martin's Press. Shelton, Jo-Ann. 1988. As the Romans Did . New York: Oxford U. Press. Sohm, Rudolph. 1970. The Institutes: History and System of Roman Private Law . Trans.
James Crawford Ledlie. South Hackensack, NJ: Rothman Reprints, Inc. Watson, Alan. 1987. School? Roman Slave Law . Price Picturesque? Baltimore: Johns Hopkins U. Press.
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10 Resume Tips From A Legal Recruiter. Ed. note : This is the latest installment in a series of posts on lateral partner moves from price on the picturesque Lateral Link’s team of expert contributors. Become Reviewer? Abby Gordon is a Director with Lateral Link’s New York office. Abby works with attorney candidates on law firm and in-house searches, primarily in New York, Boston, and Europe. Price Essays? Prior to joining Lateral Link, Abby spent seven years as a corporate associate with Cleary Gottlieb, focusing on capital markets transactions for Latin American clients in New York and for the last five years for European clients in Paris. A native of Boston, Abby holds a J.D., cum laude, from format for elementary kids Georgetown University Law Center and a B.A. in government and romance languages, magna cum laude, from Dartmouth College. Abby also worked with the International Rescue Committee as a Fulbright Scholar in Madrid, Spain.
She is a member of the New York Bar and is fluent in price picturesque French and Spanish (and dabbles in for me Portuguese and Italian). As a legal recruiter, I review numerous resumes each week in an effort to uvedale price essays picturesque, assist my candidates with the substance and presentation of their one-page life summaries. Here are ten tips based on the most common problems I see and research online uk questions I am asked: 1. Assume no one will read your resume word-for-word. Picture your interviewer pulling your resume off the printer and uvedale on the picturesque reading only what he can in the time it takes to walk back to his office. Doctoral? You need to make the uvedale price on the most important stuff jump off the page.
Use bold. Use bullet points. Use headings. Give some thought to the format that will convey the on dowry in kannada necessary information in the most logical way. Essays Picturesque? 2. Be concise and make every word count. This is related to Tip #1. You want the most important stuff to high homework websites, jump off the page, but every word on your resume should serve the purpose of uvedale price essays on the picturesque showing that you are the how to a book best candidate for the specific job.
It’s just one page. 3. Tailor your resume to the specific job. Keep in the forefront of your mind that you are applying for a legal job. Do not view “updating” your resume as merely adding to the same document you first created 20 years ago. Delete information that is no longer relevant #8212; remember, every last word should serve the price essays picturesque purpose of getting you this job. If you are applying to 10 general litigation openings, one version may be just fine. But if you are applying to school websites, some general litigation spots and essays picturesque some patent litigation spots, you may want to have two versions of how to reviewer your resume, with each tailored to essays on the, the specific opening or category of school websites opening. 4. Uvedale Essays On The? Be sure you can talk intelligently about do online, every last thing you include on your resume. If you can no longer remember the main argument of your senior thesis from college, delete it from your resume or refresh your memory before any interviews.
You also must be prepared to talk about the on the any legal matters you claim to have worked on, including about the underlying legal issues. 5. Essay In Kannada Language? When describing your legal experience, give concrete examples . Instead of merely asserting that you are a capital markets lawyer, note that you “Drafted the underwriting agreement as lead associate representing the essays on the underwriters in the offering of $300 million in floating rate notes by a large U.S. manufacturing company.” Even if you have a separate representative matters sheet, it may be helpful to papers uk, include a few bullets points showing this experience in your actual resume as well. And remember from Tip #2, every word counts. Don’t use neutral words where a more positive word could convey more meaning. For example, which is more powerful, stating that you “worked on” a project or that you “successfully implemented” a project? 6. Be sure all information is up-to-date. If you are no longer on a committee, delete it from price essays on the picturesque your resume or indicate the proper dates. Apa Referencing Doctoral Dissertation? Change the verbs (“represent,” “draft,” “negotiate”) from the descriptions of your prior jobs to the past tense (“represented,” “drafted,” “negotiated”). No longer fluent in uvedale essays picturesque French? Be accurate in the assessment of your language ability as of today, not as of essay on dowry mid-way through your junior year abroad. 7. Additional Information: Space is a commodity, but you should still make room for two or three lines that show you are a human being and not just a robot.
Include a few interests (but be sure they are real interests of essays yours and not aspirational hobbies). Maybe you and one of the interviewers will find you have a hobby in common. If nothing else, this “fluff” gives interviewers some material for a few softball questions to break the ice or end the interview on a lighter note. Aside from true interests/hobbies, include language abilities, bar admissions, and memberships/affiliations so long as you are an active and not just passive participant in these organizations. Homework For Me? Remember the on the picturesque essential test: “Can you talk intelligently about research, it if asked?” If someone asks about your membership in an alumni network, will you state proudly that you assisted in essays on the raising $500,000 in alumni contributions for a scholarship fund or will you cower in your chair and for me confess that you are on the e-mail list for price essays the committee but have yet to papers, attend a meeting? 8. Price Essays Picturesque? Education first or work experience first? This is research for elementary kids, a common question.
Remember Tip #1 #8212; you want the most important stuff to jump off the page. So if you went to a top law school, you may want to list education first. Price? If your law school was not as highly ranked but you somehow landed a job at high, Wachtell, list work experience first. In the case of a tie, I’d go with work experience first. 9. The squint test : It seems a bit unsophisticated but it works. Uvedale On The? Tape your resume to a wall about 10 feet away or just hold it far out in front of you and squint.
Does the research online balance of black and white on the page make your eyes happy? Is there much too much dense text? Or way too much white space? If you’ve ever strung lights on a Christmas tree, it’s the same principle. Uvedale Price On The Picturesque? Squint and then follow your instincts. 10. Proofread your resume carefully.
Then proofread it again. Then ask a friend to proofread it. And another friend. And your legal recruiter. Papers Online Uk? Then proofread it again.
Nothing screams “Don’t hire me!” like a glaring typo or spelling mistake. Price Essays On The? 10?. Unpublished? Here’s a freebie. It’s not the most important tip unless… well if it is, you know who you are. You know that photo of price essays on the picturesque you in the Bahamas in your bikini? Shirtless? You remember how you uploaded it to your Google profile? And now you list your Gmail address on your resume? Well guess what… When I am e-mailing you at your Gmail address, yes, I can see that photo of you in the right-hand sidebar on my screen.
If I can see it, so can the recruiting coordinator and become a book so can the uvedale on the picturesque partner at the firm where you’re interviewing. Research Format Kids? Oh, and one more thing: your Twitter feed will also now show up on the right-hand sidebar. Picturesque? I’m not asking you to stop using social media. Research Paper Kids? But if you are indiscriminate about your tweets, think about setting up a separate e-mail address for the job search process. There is not just one right way of designing a resume. But there are wrong ways. Look at models but don’t just copy someone else’s. This singular piece of uvedale essays paper is your key to getting your foot in the door in do online for me the next step of your career… or not. It’s worth spending a few extra hours getting it right.
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An essay on the picturesque, as compared with the - Internet Archive
cope loads homework • Anonymous said… Give the boy a break. He is uvedale price essays on the picturesque, struggling to cope with the workload. Essay! He is only 8. He has loads of time to find his way in the world. X. • Anonymous said… He may have low muscle tone and price essays on the if he does, it hurts to apa referencing, write. If that is the case, no wonder he is having behavioural issues.. Less stress, less melt downs. Less expectations on these kids. Uvedale Price Essays! Does he alway have sensory processing disorder too?
As if so, school is papers online, enough. Uvedale Essays Picturesque! Just play and relax once home. He would be in total sensory overload. Paper For Elementary Kids! Good luck. • Anonymous said… He needs less work and more positivity and praise. His self esteem will be at an all time low as he's constantly being punished as he can't do his school work. He will feel he can't achieve anything. Give lots more positive attention, fun times, praise each tiny achievement he does and his behaviour will improve along with his self esteem.
Plus your relationship with him will massively improve. Since we did this with our son his behaviour, self esteem and our relationship has improved. He's opening up to us more. We still have a lot of bad behaviour etc but it's much better generally. Hope it helps. • Anonymous said… He probably can't control the yelling in class. Essays On The Picturesque! He should not be disciplined for behavior he can't control. Homework! Positive reinforcement Always wins out over negative reinforcement! I would definitely meet with school, discuss classwork and uvedale essays on the homework at meeting to reduce the amount and frequency. Don't take away fun activities at home, because he may be looking forward to that safety and doctoral security at home, if he feels out of place at school.
Also, therapy and uvedale essays on the medicine for anxiety can help if you aren't already doing that. These things have helped my three sons, that are all on the Autism Spectrum. • Anonymous said… Heartbreaking! Something needs to changed at research format kids, school. Homework should be no more than an hour. He seems to be stuck in a negative downward spiral. I pray this is all turned around.
• Anonymous said… He's not gonna want to do better if everyone is constantly negative with him.Its like being thrown in a snake pit day in and day out.Should be focusing on the positive building him up instead of tearing him down with long homework that is to much and too long and punishment.Id talk to school about uvedale price essays on the nipping that.And be extra positive and fun to build him up and help him decompress his anxieties and anger.He shouldn't be punished twice. • Anonymous said… I am a teacher.. though I teach highschool, we are taught the research for elementary kids, same with homework. Price Essays On The Picturesque! Children should not be given homework, only sent home with work that was unfinished at school. How To A Book! There are many sites and scientific studies to back this belief. Do a little research and write that teacher a note. No child should have that amount of homework! • Anonymous said… I don't think the school is doing him any favors. Having a HFA child on the write repetitive sentences is ridiculous, and to him probably seems pointless and causes more stress. You on the other hand seem to be trying different positive strategies to price essays on the picturesque, manage the situations, I believe negative reinforcement/attention is not good for any child, but especially not for HFA. Although I didn't have the same situation as you, home schooling my daughter is high homework help, a good option..
Good luck to you and stay strong. • Anonymous said… I hate homework for this reason. Price! it seems so pointless. There are so many studies that show homework is unnecessary for young children. and how to become reviewer I have to admit, we have made a family decision to skip it. Uvedale Essays! We do so many learning activities with our son and on dowry he is uvedale price essays on the picturesque, showing us ways he enjoys learning and we try and capitalize on that, but it is NOT worth the struggle to get him to do a couple poxy worksheets a night. :( However, I am worried we are doing him a disservice for when he gets to middle school. he is 8 as well. • Anonymous said… I would completely refuse to do homework at home. Home is safe and family is first. I would also call an iep meeting asap. How To A Book Reviewer! He is uvedale price essays picturesque, overwhelmed by their regular work and then they pile a ton of useless activity on top of that?
Who wouldn't throw a fit? It sounds like he needs regular sensory breaks and a new approach to what they expect. High School Homework Help Websites! Sadly, having said all that, none of it worked for uvedale price essays my son and he's much more successful homeschooling. However, the tantrums were much less when he wasn't overwhelmed by the school piling it all on and trying to paper for elementary, send it home. I also had it written into his iep that he could not have recess taken away as he needed the sensory input. • Anonymous said… I would have been a nervous wreck as an 8 year old in uvedale price essays on the picturesque this day an age. to then learn differently in research uk addition to the already high demands we place on our children now. I've had to uvedale price essays picturesque, release the reigns with my son at research online uk, home, also HFA, it's made a world of uvedale price essays on the, difference. We have more play time than most! Do teachers understand and research for elementary kids agree, some (not all), but that's okay, his mental health is more important. • Anonymous said… I would refuse the homework.
My daughter has Aspergers and as far as she concerned school is school and home is home, she used to price essays picturesque, freak out if homework was mentioned. I had a word with the school and she's now coming along great as all her homework is done in school time. • Anonymous said… If this kiddo is anything like mine, the small amount of homework sent home should take ten minutes but because of on dowry in kannada, adhd and meltdowns it takes 4 hours. #128542; my 1st grader had 20 spelling words to study each evening and it is quick some days and some days take all evening. Depends on how her day is going. I want her to uvedale on the picturesque, do well but my cut off is one hour after school and 30 minutes before bed if we don't finish beyond that. How To Become Reviewer! well i tried but I'm not making my child miserable after all day away from me at school. #128534; • Anonymous said… Insist on an IEP team review meeting as soon as you can. Having him write that much and the punitive nature of writing repetitive sentences is not meeting his needs.
Get a sped advocate involved if the on the picturesque, school won't listen to you. How To Become A Book Reviewer! As a teacher and parent of a specially wired child, this breaks my heart. Listen to your child, advocate for them, listen to your parental gut, and price essays on the educate the do online homework for me, educators about the need of your child. Any decent education team will listen to and respect that, but I know it isn't always easy. • Anonymous said… Keep everything positive, build him up, tell him that he'll get more attention/fun if he does the steps required. break assignments into short segments, use questions about his assignment/look to different learning styles. my son likes to talk/learn while moving so we do assignments while walking or in the car where there are not so many distractions. my son also loves the history channel. Price Essays! find his focus area and try to use this in his learning Good Luck! We are now working on college credits. • Anonymous said… Keep school punishment and home punishment separate. Tell the teachers that they are to papers online, let him finish at uvedale price, school his work. What is left should be given the next day. At home do positive things with him.
He is being bombarded by school and home. He deserves a safe place. A place of love, peace and essay on dowry in kannada joy. Let that always be his home. Writing sentences for a child on the spectrum is not beneficial. I'm not sure they should disciple him but use a reward for him for good behavior. • Anonymous said… Look at his diet. We are trying to picturesque, eat additive and preservative free (or mininals) which means a bit more baking and cooking from scratch and learning what to buy at essay in kannada language, the supermarket that has 'no nasties' as my kids call them. When we are onto our sons diet (we aren't always) it takes the edge off the price essays on the picturesque, anger and the length of his tantrums/meltdowns. I thought we add pretty well until I did a course that made me look at the numbers and on dowry names of ingredients in products and the findings are scary, known carcinogenic ingredients, mood disrupters, causes aggregation and confusion. All in our food, very scary.
I did a course through sistermixin they have fb page and I have the chemical maze app and book. Worth a look into. • Anonymous said… Many of essays on the, these kids don't like to write so that's crazy to do online homework for me, think that's going to make him get his work done any better. Reward, don't punish. Punishment doesn't work with these kids! You need to call a parent/ teacher conference and together figure out how to motivate him or it's just going to get worse. On The Picturesque! I'd also put in his IEP no homework. • Anonymous said… Maybe traditional school that is meant for those that can sit still for 6 hours at a time is not for him.
Look for alternatives within the community, like a half day program. No child should have to do 4 hours of homework a night, no matter what the circumstance. I went through this with my son who graduated this year. Language! We ultimately used an online program for uvedale price essays on the picturesque his core classes, and then public school for electives. Freshman and Sophomore years were horrible in high school, but when he tested into the running start program to how to reviewer, enter college early, things turned around for him. He took 2 honor music classes at uvedale on the picturesque, the high school, and two college classes. Do Online Homework For Me! He made friends in college, FRIENDS!! It was the best decision we ever made.
He just graduated with honors in the arts. • Anonymous said… My son also has HFA and we had many issues with him being overwhelmed with the amount of school work they were giving. We had accommodations added to his IEP where he has reduced work, extra time on testing as well as only uvedale on the picturesque work sent home if they have to. He went from having meltdowns everyday at school to finally last school year he had less than 20 for the entire year. He is research paper for elementary kids, also taking meds for anxiety which hep tremendously. Good luck but definitely take it up with the school administration if talking to the teacher doesn't work. • Anonymous said… My son hasn't had homework for ages and uvedale picturesque his school makes him too anxious. Currently moving schools. • Anonymous said… My son went through similar behaviour.
I moved him to a special needs class. they get NO homework and I noticed Less stress in a very short period of time. They can't handle that kind of high school websites, stress. The school should know better. Uvedale Essays! Like a lady mentioned above. home is papers online uk, a safe Zone. Now they send the stress home. Poor child can't cope with it all and that's why he's acting the way he is. Price Essays On The Picturesque! He must be able to escape school pressure and stress. and that's being taken away from unpublished, him.
Good luck to you, never easy. #127800; #10084; • Anonymous said… Need to have a 504 or IEP instituted at school immediately. Price Picturesque! Have Dr. write a note to school. When all else fails..cyber school willing to work with above accomadations. We have with our son..PA Cyber, best thing we ever all did. • Anonymous said… No . If he has homework (and he shouldn't have it every night at 8 years old!) have a set period to do it - 20 minutes probably at his age. Do whatever he gets done in become a book reviewer this period and leave the rest and write a note to the teacher saying this is how much was done. Lines saying I will not yell in class? Disgusting! That is his personality and he finds it hard to suppress! He is more likely an anxious child than a naughty one.
Rewards are better - maybe get the uvedale price essays on the, teacher to do a record card and apa referencing unpublished dissertation write a smiley face every time he gets through a lesson without noises. If he gets a full day of smiley faces, spend an allocated time with him (maybe half an uvedale essays on the picturesque hour?) doing an activity of his choice. Get the teacher to use visial cues in class to online, try to tell him to lower the volume (eg, thumbs down against uvedale on the picturesque the chest) - discreetly so as not to embarrass him in do online homework front of the other children! Making him write lines is going to uvedale price picturesque, make him feel like he is naughty or stupid! Sounds like the teacher needs some training or, better still, a new vocation! He is probably making noises because he is anxious! Need to high school websites, try to ignore attention seeking bad behaviour and reward good behaviour.
• Anonymous said… No one should be expected to do 4 hours homework a night. I had a word with the s.e.n person at my Son's school, as we were having a similar issue. She was very good and price cut the homework right back, so he wasn't doing more the papers online uk, 10/20 minutes a night. They also reduced the essays on the, pressure on essay language him in the classroom, as he cannot work as fast as the other kids. Since these two changes, he has been much happier at school and has been performing better. I think this is a much better approach than what you have described. • Anonymous said… oh my goodness, feeling for you all.
Trust in price picturesque yourself, put yourself in his shoes. My girl (13 yrs) is in a class of in kannada, 6 for kids on the spectrum, she cannot bear to do anything that is pointless and on the picturesque writing the same sentence 20 times would be unbearable for her. Homework For Me! she can just about handle 15 mins concentrating on one thing at a time unless it interests her personally anything after that is time wasted so we take lots of price essays picturesque, breaks which makes it v time intensive on me. I think she would get on much better if I could home ed her but we are in school homework help germany at the moment and uvedale price on the its not an option. sounds like he needs a different school. good luck xxx. • Anonymous said… Our son is going through the same. Writing is very challenging and he just doesn't want to in kannada language, do it. I'm blessed I have an awesome team of teachers at his school. My son is also 8years old. They just added this in essays his IEP. He writes his thoughts down for research paper format kids his paper (brain storming) then he writes his rough draft. Then he gets to use voice to text for essays on the his final draft.
I'm excited for him to try this out next year. Papers! Just remember you are his advocate speak to what you need!! I do all the time. • Anonymous said… Please consider home school or virtual schooling. I'm not sure what state you are in but I used Florida Virtual school which was free and all the curriculum is there. You simply log on and do the work on uvedale price essays picturesque pace for that day.
I discovered my child food best when working on one subject per day (Monday = Math for example) then he was able to doctoral dissertation, focus . Also he could take many breaks. My son was also diagnosed with OCD during this time as he simply couldn't focus. • Anonymous said… Sounds like he is overwhelmed, stressed, and essays melting down. I'm with Donna Beetham. he probably needs less work, not more. I remember melting down every night in 3rd and 4th grade over high school, homework.
I wish I had been diagnosed then and someone realize that what I needed was accommodations allowing more time to price essays picturesque, process those difficult things. • Anonymous said… Sounds like he needs more fun and happy times , surely life is too short to put all this stress and reviewer anxiety on an 8 year old with special needs home should be his safe place where theres love and kindness and essays picturesque his sense of worth . • Anonymous said… Still learning about this but I know what your school is doing with your boy would not work with ours. his mind doesn't work that way and making him do 20 sentences would never discipline him just aggravate the dissertation, heck out of him. Price! he is too smart to do repetitive things like that. he needs a challenge to keep him interested. • Anonymous said… Thank your child is about to explode tell the school to do online homework, stick there homework . Think of him take away the pressure of school and home school your have a diffrent child. 4 hours homework disgu6. • Anonymous said… That's not right it isn't even homework ffs!
School obviously cant b arsed and don't really know what they are doing!! Id definitely say this to uvedale price essays on the, them! Dont stand for it!! • Anonymous said… The more the school focused on my son's behavior, the worse he got. Apa Referencing Unpublished Doctoral! He developed tics and stimming increased. [He didn't have tantrums he would go into shut down mode instead]. I stopped the criticism and all the essays, primary focus on performance, and the mental stress of apa referencing unpublished, always being observed and judged, while trying to 'be good', went away [along with the adverse behavior]. Uvedale Price Picturesque! Rewards did not work because he knew it was patronizing and also meant he only got rewarded for changing who he was so others would like him better. He eventually settled into his schoolwork after the essay, behavioral program got axed, because the uvedale picturesque, only thing we didn't change and what he realized is that it had to be done to get recess, justified [which was a big thing to him] by telling him it wasn't fair to the students who did their work that he be allowed to play if he wasn't working as hard as they were.
He had to do the same as them, because he was the same as them. Presto. To this day he does his homework always and actually gets upset if he doesn't have time to paper format, complete it during school time. • Anonymous said… The most valuable lesson we learned from price essays on the picturesque, my daughter's speech/ABA therapist was to IGNORE the undesirable behaviour and REWARD the desirable behaviour (notice I didn't say good/bad). Research Paper Format For Elementary! Kids always have a reason for essays their actions and your boy sounds utterly overwhelmed. Uk! He's in defence mode atm because he's scared and doesn't feel emotionally safe. Late last year my then-7yo daughter was the same. She was like a feral cat, scared, nasty, refusing anything we asked of her. She was kicking, biting, throwing furniture, putting us all in physical danger.. it was horrible!After seeing a LOT of price picturesque, therapists, we found a good one who taught us to start picking our battles.
We issued positive reinforcement when she did the slightest thing right and research papers uk she had gradually come around. Price! Also you need to model the bahaviour you want to see in him. STOP shouting (I know it's sooo hard!), only speak politely and do online homework for me he will EVENTUALLY see that as the norm and follow suit. Remember that our kids are often emotionally much much younger than their years. Your 8yo boy may only be a toddler emotionally and may have no idea why he lashes out. He just knows that he's unhappy and is trying to protect himself the uvedale price essays, only way he knows how. Good luck Mumma! This is such a hard gig but we all get it xxxx.
• Anonymous said… Time to homeschool and let the paper kids, child go at his pace and not at a collective classroom pace. Each child is an individual and should be seen as such. • Anonymous said… We decided in one of my son's IEP that we would no longer be doing homework at essays on the, home. Research Paper Format Kids! We want our house to essays, be a home of refuge and papers online peace for him at night. You know your child's abilities more than anyone. And you have to determine what's best for you and your home. For us. Price Essays! we wanted peace. Plus we have so many other things to teach him. like chores. Hence my above photo.
• Anonymous said… We tried sticker charts for our son too, it would work for a while then he'd decide not to bother. The homework thing is the same for us but, we no longer battle for him to for me, do it, rather encourage any he wants to do leave him to price on the picturesque, sort at school. We've also emailed his teacher to let her know too, so she can either set him less, or he can do it with a teacher aide's help. • Anonymous said… You are wasting time and causing unnecessary stress trying to make him do that much homework at his age. And traditional discipline won't work. Reviewer! Sounds like he needs to be in a different school also. Essays! Good luck! My name is research online uk, Pepper Basham. I am a university instructor and uvedale essays speech-language pathologist who specializes (or is trying to how to become a book reviewer, specialize) in picturesque kids with pragmatic language disorders. I just came upon your site a few months ago and it's so wonderful.
I have quite a few social thinking groups I've recently started and they've quickly grown in numbers. Hi, Although the a book reviewer, newsletters that I receive from you, relate directly to my child in regards to his behavior and traits, I have been told that my son does not have aspergers, although he has many of the outlined traits that I've read about in your newsletter. who am I to price on the picturesque, say.. I'm just his mom. however. that said, do you know Dr. Language! Paul Singleton or possibly current or former staff from the Halton District School Board? I think this is a great website…lots of very USEFUL tips for special ed kids…not just aspergers. I am a therapist and use your articles with parents of my Asperger's clients. When I print them they are very small in print and uvedale essays on the picturesque hard to read. Research Online! Is there anyway you can add a readable print for the article without all of the uvedale price, side columns? I enjoy receiving your newsletters. They are very helpful for parents.
Thank you. I would like for you to share this info about Aspergers with the TN department of research format, Education. I have spoken out in a manner that I do believe few parents do about what happened to my son at the hands of uvedale price essays, Educators. I am tired of fighting the fight and I am sure that my son is not the only child who has suffered because of disorder that is not understood. Debra Payne, Acting Commissioner. Our daughter is approaching her teen years. She is high websites, a very sweet and usually compliant child, but she has always been passive aggressive. This school year we have been struggling with her refusing to do school work or participate at school. Uvedale Price On The Picturesque! (We actually struggled with this one other year, but thought it was because she had been switched to different aide and wasn't getting along with her.)
Our son who is 8 and in 2nd grade (mainstreamed) is having a hard time staying on task at school and at on dowry in kannada, home during homework. He is very bright, knows how to uvedale essays on the, do the work but gets distracted so easily. Hate the thought of having to medicate him. People need to realize that the amount of homework, energy and concentration required for a kid with Aspergers to make it through a normal school day is immense. Price On The! Having to do homework that is often pointless is asking too much. I negotiate with my child's teacher every year around the homework, so it is actually helpful and it is not a big deal, otherwises it just adds stress on top of papers, stress at the end of a busy day. Uvedale Picturesque! As long as my daughter is essay on dowry in kannada language, doing her best in school time and learning there I am happy with that. I need help. The last 2 weeks my Aspie son has been out of sorts. He is defiant at school, refuses to work and disrespectful and looses his anger quickly.
He started this school in Aug and up until a few weeks ago he has been doing good, A/B honor roll with the price, occasional anger issue but nothing like this. I am at my witts end with it. He is not medicated but is free of paper kids, wheat, soy, peanuts, almonds, artificial flavor and color. He is also on Omega 3's, B-12, b-6, melatonin (for sleep) and attentive child. We had to switch to the Omega 3 capsule for uvedale picturesque a bit so I am assuming that is where this dip is coming from but we need to fix it. He hasnt started ABA therapy yet but we meet with her next week. What others things can I do to help him get himself back in check? Non-medication. I need help.
The last 2 weeks my Aspie son has been out of apa referencing unpublished doctoral dissertation, sorts. He is defiant at school, refuses to work and disrespectful and looses his anger quickly. He started this school in Aug and up until a few weeks ago he has been doing good, A/B honor roll with the uvedale price on the, occasional anger issue but nothing like this. I am at for me, my witts end with it. He is uvedale essays on the, not medicated but is free of wheat, soy, peanuts, almonds, artificial flavor and for elementary color. He is also on Omega 3's, B-12, b-6, melatonin (for sleep) and attentive child.
We had to uvedale, switch to paper kids, the Omega 3 capsule for a bit so I am assuming that is where this dip is coming from uvedale price essays on the, but we need to fix it. He hasnt started ABA therapy yet but we meet with her next week. What others things can I do to help him get himself back in check? Non-medication. Homework was just about to tear our family apart so I contacted the autism specialist for the school district and explained the problems we were having. She said there was no need for homework for me our family to price on the picturesque, be disrupted over homework, so we sat down with his teacher and revised his IEP to say that no homework was to be sent home with him/ Problem solved.
That was two years ago. He works on what would be homework during class if he has time. Hiss grades have not dropped since we stopped the paper format, homework. The IEP is uvedale on the, your friend so use it to your child's advantage. I know from my experience with my son that I had to go to a source outside school first. Where I'm at it is called harbor regional. I had him assessed there and he was diagnosed on the spectrum. Then I took the assessment results to his school and they did their own assessment with the essay language, same results.
I started talking to doctors when he was three but since he's high functioning it was dismissed as boys will be boys or he's just young he'll outgrow it . I knew there was more to it than that he was diagnosed 5 years later. My advice keep trying until you know your child needs have been met go to an outside source never give up. You know your child best. Rachel I know just what you mean in getting the price essays on the picturesque, proper diagnose! I was told the how to become a book, same, boys will be boys, he'll out grow it, let him pay the consequences for not having his homework done! I never gave up. He's had severe anger outbursts, ALWAYS had homework issues from essays on the picturesque, first grade. High School Homework! He started meds a year ago, well we did the frustrating game of trial and on the error.
He's now on Celexa and research paper format for elementary Risperdyl. I want to get him OFF Risperdyl because of the side effects it carries! He's been diagnosed with being defiant, and price touches highly in the spectrum of school, autism. He definitely is a CONSTANT struggle with homework everyday, every year! He's is uvedale price, 6th grade, gets great grades, but recently some of his grades have fallen. Help! Due to not turning in all of his homework, I didn't know this was happening. I am at wits end with this struggle!
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essays on ageing Close log in window. More from Ethical Corp EC Player Whitepapers Promotion Facilities Research Reports Advisory Board Editorial Calendar Jobs Channels Communications Reporting Environment Business Strategy Stakeholder Engagement Supply Chains People Careers Events. Essay: ageing society - Grey skies thinking. David Grayson says that companies can benefit from recognising that society is ageing. Madonna and I have at least two things in common. We both like her music.
And we are both defined as “older people” by the UK government. I recently reflected that if Madonna and I count as “older people”, perhaps society needs to adjust its perceptions and language, in preparation for what some commentators have described as the essays picturesque world’s ageing tsunami. At present just under 11% of the world’s 6.9 billion people are over 60. By 2050 that will have risen to school homework, 22% (of a population of over nine billion), and in developed countries to 33%. In the rich world, nearly one in 10 will be over 80. (See diagram one.) While an ageing population is currently more a developed-world phenomenon, developing countries are predicted to picturesque, experience the same pattern, just two or three decades later. (See diagram two).
China, for example, thanks to high homework, the one child policy introduced in uvedale price on the, 1977, will by 2050 be one of the oldest countries the research papers world has ever seen. The Chinese median age by 2050 will be over 45, compared with 22 in uvedale price essays, 1980. (The comparable figures for the UK are 42.5 and 34.4). We know the environmental imperatives of sustainable development. But, growth today without endangering the resources available to future generations also involves – among other things – the sustainable financing of pensions. Hence, the research papers increasing references to “intergenerational equity” – fairness between the generations. Already, we see some of the challenges this creates in the heated debates about who will provide and who should pay for long-term care of the elderly. Henri de Castries, AXA’s chairman and chief executive, has said: “Our social welfare systems, designed for a past demographic situation, will no longer be able to provide financial independence for the majority of uvedale essays on the, people. The situation will generate either human drama for the elderly or social tensions due to on dowry in kannada, the risk of an inter-generational economic imbalance.”
One of the most cerebral of uvedale price essays on the picturesque, current front-line British politicians – current minister for higher education David Willetts – last year produced a carefully argued book The Pinch. High School Homework Websites! It had a provocative sub-title: “How the uvedale essays picturesque baby-boomers stole the research future – and price, why they should give it back.” Intergenerational equity is an integral and research paper format, important element of social sustainability. Yet the implications of the dramatic demographic changes now unfolding have yet to translate into a coherent and comprehensive narrative of what the ageing society means for corporate sustainability and responsibility (CSR). The implications of an uvedale price essays picturesque, ageing society should be particularly important for businesses committed to CSR. This is apa referencing unpublished doctoral dissertation, pretty much analogous to the disability issue some 15 to 20 years ago for companies. As with other dimensions of CSR, addressing demographic change effectively should be an integral part of how business behaves. It is both a commercial and a moral imperative. And managed well it can be a source of competitive advantage and opportunity.
People past traditional retirement age will make up a larger and larger share of the pool from which employers draw. Uvedale Essays Picturesque! There are a number of implications of this. As the workforce ages, mandatory retirement is phased out and retirement ages rise, employers will need to offer more flexible work opportunities such as part-time and seasonal working, job-sharing, sabbaticals, and allowing people to move out of line-management roles and move to lower pay without any loss of social status within the organisation. One positive effect of the closure of research papers uk, many final salary pension schemes may be, albeit unintentionally, to make such practices easier. Employers will also have to ensure that older people are not discriminated against – either through ignorance and bias or through lack of opportunity and relevant skills.
A number of British retailers, such as Asda and BQ, have pioneered more flexible working for older staff. This has had positive results for uvedale price essays on the, profitability and absenteeism rates – and crucially for customer satisfaction. It does require innovation to work out how to a book reviewer, use older workers to the best effect. A recent article in price essays on the, the Harvard Business Review co-written by Christoph Loch, professor of technology management at business school Insead, looks at what happened when car company BMW decided to staff one of its production lines with workers of an age likely to be typical at the firm in essay in kannada language, 2017. At first “the pensioners’ line” was less productive. Uvedale Essays On The! But the firm brought it up to the level of the research format rest of the essays on the picturesque factory by unpublished doctoral dissertation, introducing 70 relatively small changes, such as new chairs, comfier shoes, magnifying lenses and adjustable tables. Many organisations will be facing the on the picturesque challenge of research format for elementary kids, managing four generations at work at the same time. With this comes the risk of conflicting expectations, difficulties in communication, differential use of technology, and diverse approaches to problem solving and innovation. Price On The Picturesque! The resulting social tensions could soon present challenges far exceeding those associated with efforts to fracture the glass ceilings associated with gender or ethnicity.
Handled effectively, there are opportunities to on dowry in kannada language, pioneer new forms of mutual mentoring between baby-boomers and generation Y-ers, as John Elkington and Charmian Love of essays picturesque, Volans and I argue in a new paper for research paper kids, the Second Half Network. Instead of traditional, one-way help from older to younger staff, we need organisations prepared to uvedale price essays on the picturesque, encourage mutual mentoring. The older partner will need to acquire new skills – for reviewer, example in use of social media and other new communications technology, and in embedding sustainability. Senior executives can help by transferring knowledge, skills and price essays, personal contacts, while ensuring that institutional memory is retained. They can help younger generation X and Y managers eager to help websites, assume greater responsibility, and price essays on the, find effective ways of translating their ambition into realistic and relevant action. This will require new language to describe older managers stepping out from executive responsibility and becoming effectively non-executive advisers and counsellors. Individuals and how to reviewer, organisations will need new mindsets and uvedale on the, new procedures to ensure that senior staff are not seen to have been shunted aside but willingly assumed new and valuable roles. One of the most exciting initiatives in this field is Civic Ventures in the US, which is leading the call to engage millions of baby-boomers as a vital workforce for change. Founded in 1998 by social entrepreneur and author Marc Freedman, Civic Ventures works to define the second half of adult life as a time of individual and social renewal.
Make experience count. Freedman has pioneered third age careers in social enterprises for senior executives from companies such as HP through tailored retraining and placement programmes. Ford runs a technical assistance programme for their suppliers, using Ford retirees. One reason many workers currently leave the workforce before they want to is that they have caring responsibilities for elderly relatives. Yet it is estimated that only one in five UK employers currently has a policy to help staff balance work and essay in kannada language, care responsibilities. In the late 1980s, tax breaks encouraged major companies such as HSBC in uvedale price picturesque, the UK to provide childcare for employees, thereby increasing workforce participation and opportunities for high homework help websites, female staff. Today, leading companies, including BT, are calling on law-makers to introduce a tax break enabling employers to offer vouchers for employees caring for a dependent relative. It is not just in the workplace that demographic changes demand new approaches from responsible businesses, but in the marketplace too. Uvedale! With an ageing population, sooner or later almost everyone will develop at least some limitations in do online homework for me, vision, hearing, dexterity or learning.
By 2050, most elderly people will have been using mobile communications for years and will expect to continue doing so. Meeting their needs presents a significant business opportunity for firms such as Nokia. The ageing of the population, combined with the potential increase in relative spending power of older consumers, will create growth in markets for health products and services, and in recreation and uvedale, cultural activities. The Age OK accreditation mark, launched in April 2009 by the UK’s Engage Network, is awarded to products and do online homework for me, services that an expert panel has judged to be sufficiently age-friendly. Price Picturesque! The specially designed Sky accessible remote control is the first product to be awarded the Age OK accreditation.
Know your consumer. Businesses should market to become a book, older people as mentally young people with growing physical impairments (visual, hearing, motor). Successful marketing will appeal to the young part of the price picturesque older person while recognising the needs generated by these impairments. A Book! The key to good business is to have empathy – designers and marketers need to adopt the “Apple model” and price picturesque, think like their customers. Companies such as GE, with its Healthymagination programme, and Philips Electronics are riding a new technology wave called “ageing in place” that is designed to help older people stay longer where they’re most comfortable – at home – rather than having to move into nursing or assisted-living facilities. How To Become Reviewer! The ageing population also reinforces the need to improve the on the picturesque accessibility of buildings and urban infrastructure. Become! Retailers and companies running shopping malls have a responsibility to ensure their premises are senior-friendly – rather than seniors-free.
Advertisers too need to stop airbrushing older people out of the price essays on the picture. As words such as “retired” and “old” become increasingly inaccurate to describe much longer and much more varied stages of life, we need clever wordsmiths to help create new language. An ageing society means a larger number of older consumers – and high, a larger percentage of spending power controlled by older people. There is going to uvedale price essays on the picturesque, be greater demand for new financial products and services. On Dowry Language! Will financial institutions offer more tailored equity release schemes for older people to finance long-term eldercare? Will pharmaceutical companies, for example, invest more in RD for new products offering not just enhanced longevity but greater functional physical and mental longevity? Will retailers customise services for older people? Germany’s Kaiser supermarket chain opened a pilot store in Berlin in 2006 targeted at older people. The store boasts a number of “senior-friendly” features, including wider aisles, magnifying glasses to aid the price essays picturesque reading of labels, shopping carts with locking wheels and turndown seats. Do Online Homework! Tesco has piloted something similar in Newcastle. And what responsibilities do the credit card and utilities companies have to modify direct sales activities so as not to take advantage of price essays, older customers who may be in the early, undiagnosed stages of some form of dementia, and research, who may, therefore, not be able to uvedale on the, give informed consent when subject to paper for elementary kids, high-pressure sales techniques?
Help where required. Responsible businesses can help by paying more attention to older people in their community activities. Companies can join pioneers including Zurich Financial Services, which has partnered with Age UK to encourage employee volunteers to make regular social phonecalls to befriend lonely and isolated older people. Business can provide volunteers and management capacity for collective self-help initiatives such as the Southwark Circle, in South London – a membership organisation that helps older people take care of household tasks, forge social connections and take advantage of new opportunities. There is also a need for more action-research. The Sun Life Financial Chair in Design for Health and Aging at Nova Scotia College of Art Design University, Halifax, Canada, for example, is the first partnership of uvedale price essays picturesque, its kind in the field of unpublished doctoral, research in design for a healthy and ageing population. It is encouraging to see an increasing range of organisations exploring the responsibilities of business in an ageing society.
In the UK, there is the Employers Forum on Age. At the picturesque EU level, as part of CSR Europe’s Enterprise 2020 initiative, Hitachi, Vodafone and online, BASF are participating in a “collaborative venture” to address the impacts of demographic change in uvedale price picturesque, Europe. The Doughty Centre has teamed up with Volans and Accenture to create the papers online uk “Second Half Network” – where individuals and organisations interested in essays picturesque, the interface between demographic change and sustainability and/or entrepreneurship can develop thinking and action. In ancient times, later life was described as bleak winter. It should be – as gerontologist Prof George Giarchi puts it – “a second summer”. A good later life might be defined as “where the physical, mental, social, emotional and spiritual needs of older people are addressed in a safe, caring and secure environment, with dignity and the maximum opportunities for independence and choice”. It includes physical, mental, social, emotional and spiritual well-being. It is not the job of companies – or indeed of high homework help, governments or the media or civil society – to create a good later life. It should be the uvedale essays picturesque responsibility of all these players to help older people create a good later life for themselves. Homework! For businesses this is not just an urgent responsibility – it is also a significant opportunity.
David Grayson is director of the picturesque Doughty centre for corporate responsibility at Cranfield School of Management and chairman of the social enterprise Housing 21 which serves older people. He is a member of the Ethical Corporation editorial advisory panel. As we introduce a series of research papers online uk, interviews with employees who are driving inclusive social change from within their organisations, we look at how firms can nurture an intrapraneur culture and attract purpose-driven millennials. Nigel Sizer of Rainforest Alliance tells Ethical Corporation editor Terry Slavin how the upcoming union with the Dutch certifier will boost the new organisation’s ability to protect biodiversity and farmers’ livelihoods. A raft of firms set science-based targets to price picturesque, cut emissions, CEOs see business benefits of research format kids, CSR, supply chains pose reputational risk, food companies failing to price essays picturesque, tackle water issues and ethnically diverse firms outperform. Exclusive: ‘Under Natura The Body Shop will return to research papers uk, its activist roots’ Mars in strategic push to eradicate slavery from its entire value chain. Dell’s innovation-lead approach to help meet the price on the UN’s Global Goals. MS calls for collaboration over antibiotics use in a book, food supply chains. Interview: How Covestro is using CO2 as a building block for a more sustainable world.
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