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Women and Politics in the Era of the American Revolution - Oxford
barbara boxer resume Barbara Boxer (born 1940) is a Democratic Senator from american soldier California. Barbara Boxer was one of six women elected to the U.S. Senate in 1992. With Academic? Representing California as a Democrat, she was part of essay in revolution soldier, a larger movement that swept an increased number of women into positions of power within the case study at motorola government. A 10-year veteran of Congress, Boxer rose through her energetic and combative style, and her fealty to american essay the liberal causes which had first inspired her entrance into politics#8212;feminism and environmentalism chief among them. The product of a conventional background and upbringing, Boxer was inspired by the social upheavals of the 1960s to look beyond her home and of research papers, family to make her mark on the world at american woman large. Boxer's origins and early years gave little hint of the career she would eventually pursue.
She was born in Brooklyn, New York, the child of immigrants, in case at motorola 1940. American Essay In Revolution Soldier Woman? Boxer later recalled a conventional and happy middle-class childhood, which included education in the local public schools. As a child of the '50s, Boxer wrote in her memoir, Strangers in the Senate, she wore cinch belts and layers of crinolines, as well as hoop skirts, to conform to christopher reeve essay the dictates of fashion. Nonetheless, in high school, she and a friend took on soldier woman, the job of coaching the boys' baseball team, an unconventional choice. On A Playground? Boxer made another unconventional choice when she entered Brooklyn College in 1958 and became one of the essay soldier few women at the institution to chose a major of economics, instead of education. For her minor, Boxer chose political science. She also served as a cheerleader for the Brooklyn College basketball team. In her final year of college, at age 21, Barbara Levy married Stewart Boxer, another student, who was then 23. The two moved into a one-room efficiency apartment at the back of a building on Ocean Boulevard, paying $90 a month in rent. When the of research papers building's owner failed to provide promised amenities, such as a carpeted and painted lobby, the energetic Boxer circulated a petition in the building to pressure the landlord into fixing things up. After graduating from college Boxer sought a job in the New York financial world to support her husband while he completed his law degree at Fordham University.
She tried to american essay in revolution woman enter one of the stockbroker training programs run by the big Wall Street firms, but was turned down on the basis of her sex. Boxer then took a job as a secretary, and leadership essay, studied for the stockbroker's exam independently. Even after she passed, Boxer was not allowed to sell securities and earn commissions, so she left her job and took a position with a firm that would allow her to do so. Boxer was working as a stockbroker when the event that she later identified as the birth of her political consciousness took place: the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in essay soldier woman 1963. With this event, and cover letter teacher with, the later political assassinations of the 1960s, Boxer began to look beyond her own private life and aspirations to address larger social issues and concerns. In 1965 Boxer moved with her husband to northern California. The couple had been determined to own a house and raise a family, and they felt that real estate was more affordable there than in the New York metropolitan area.
While her husband was completing his exams at Fordham, Boxer quit her job and relocated to essay in revolution soldier woman San Francisco to find a house. She was seven months pregnant with her first child at the time, and gave birth to essay her son#8212;two months prematurely#8212;the day after she arrived. Boxer and her husband soon settled in american in revolution soldier San Francisco, and their second child, a daughter, came into the family in 1967. Although Boxer later recalled that she was primarily concerned with her family life during that time, she and her husband opposed the war in Vietnam, and felt strongly enough about their position to take part in samples of research a peace march, which wound through the in revolution city to Golden Gate Park. Also in 1967, Boxer and her husband moved to the city suburbs, buying a $40, 000 house in Marin County, north of the city.
This area would later become the basis of her political constituency. The year after they had moved to Marin, Boxer witnessed the assassination of Robert Kennedy live on help, television, and american in revolution soldier woman, this violent act, she later recalled, shocked her forever from her routine private life. Joining with other women from her community, who were young, college-educated mothers like her, Boxer and her friends in the town of Greenbrae embarked on a number of social initiatives. Among their first efforts was a program called Education Corps of Marin, designed to train high school drop-outs for jobs. This program was eventually taken over by the local school system. In addition, Boxer became involved in the environmental movement as well as in anti-war activities. In 1970 she oversaw publicity for a campaign to put a peace initiative on the ballot, which, surprisingly, carried the day. She worked for other local ballot initiatives and for progressive candidates. Marin Community Video and the Marin Alternative, a progressive, grassroots, political network, also earned her attention. Case And Development At Motorola? At the same time Boxer devoted her energy to a number of women's and children's groups, helping to found the Kentfield After School Child Care Center, and essay, taking part in Woman's Way, a women's support group.
On the strength of of research, these activities, Boxer declared her candidacy for elective office for american soldier woman, the first time in 1971. Although her husband was equally well qualified to represent the progressive environmental constituency with which the couple had become involved, he could not afford to sacrifice his lucrative law practice for the $11, 000 annual salary paid to members of the Marin County Board of Supervisors, so Barbara ran, becoming the letter teacher first serious female candidate in two decades. Although Boxer won a three-way primary race, she ran into serious obstacles in her main campaign, many of which were related to her gender. Even women who worked told her of their doubts that she could care for her young children properly while holding down such a responsible position. In the final election, in November of 1972, Boxer lost by essay, a narrow margin. Following this defeat, Boxer re-entered the workforce. She took a position as a reporter for the Pacific Sun, becoming an christopher reeve associate editor of the publication from 1972 to 1974. At that time, she returned to the world of politics, as a congressional aide working for the representative from the Fifth Congressional District of California.
Boxer held this post until 1976, when she ran again for the Marin County Board of Supervisors. This time, she was elected. Essay In Revolution Woman? As a Marin County Supervisor, Boxer maintained her strong commitment to samples of research papers the environmental movement. Essay In Revolution Soldier Woman? She urged the closure of all nuclear power plants in the state of California, and worked for essay, other liberal causes during her six years in in revolution soldier the post. From 1977 to 1982, she served on on a, the Bay Area Air Quality Management Board, of which she was the president from 1979 to 1981. Boxer was also the president of the Marin County Board of american essay soldier woman, Supervisors from 1980 to essay 1981. In the soldier woman early 1980s Boxer's local congressional district, the cover for english with Sixth District of California, was redrawn in a manner that helped to insure the re-election of incumbent John L. Burton, a Democrat.
When Burton, a longtime friend and mentor of Boxer, chose instead to retire, Boxer ran for the seat he was vacating in the U.S. House of Representatives. She won the american essay in revolution woman 1982 election as a Democrat. Boxer took office in Washington as a freshman representative at the start of 1983, and became president of the Democratic New Members Caucus of the with essays House of american in revolution, Representatives. The district Boxer went on to represent for five terms, covering ten years, included parts of the city of with essays, San Francisco, as well as Marin County, her home base. In Congress, Boxer continued to champion the liberal causes that had brought her popularity with the constituents of this area in woman the past.
Boxer was assigned to christopher essay sit on american essay soldier, the Armed Service Committee, where she was one of the few committed liberal members, and became co-chair of the letter no experience Military Reform Caucus. Boxer was also appointed to the Select Committee on Children, Youth, and Families. American? In addition, she chaired the subcommittee on government activities. In Congress Boxer made a name for herself as a staunch opponent of defense spending. She opposed the costs of stealth aircraft and the Patriot missile, pushing repeated floor amendments in the house to cut government spending for these projects. Boxer also voted against funding for the Nicaraguan contras. Christopher? In addition, she lent support to the Congressional Black Caucus in its recommendation that the defense budget be cut in half. Boxer became best known as a representative for in revolution, publicizing particularly egregious cases of christopher, wasteful military spending. Essay In Revolution Soldier Woman? Posing for photographers with a $7, 622 coffee pot for a cargo plane, and a $600 toilet seat cover, she dramatized the issue of government excess, bringing public pressure to bear on efforts to reform government procurement. As a result of these efforts, Boxer was able to take partial credit for a series of reeve essay, military procurement reform amendments, which included a 1988 measure to protect whistle-blowers, and in revolution soldier woman, a measure to allow competitive bidding for contracts to provide spare parts to the military.
Despite her best efforts, however, Boxer was unable to keep the Presidio, a historical military base in San Francisco, off the list of military bases to eventually be closed. Boxer opposed the entry of the United States into the Persian Gulf war in 1991, and leadership report essay, she sponsored an effort that would have required prior Congressional approval of covert American actions in in revolution woman foreign countries. This resolution, which was seen a threat to the secrecy of samples of research papers, war plans and anti-terrorist operations, was unanimously defeated on the floor of the House, as even Boxer withdrew her support for the amendment. As a representative Boxer also maintained her commitment to women's issues. She was an original co-sponsor of the Family and Medical Leave Act benefitting workers with children or other family responsibilities, and american essay in revolution woman, she put up a strong opposition to the gag rule forbidding abortion counseling at federally funded health clinics. As a supporter of the Freedom of Choice Act, Boxer sponsored an amendment to provide federal funding for essay on a playground, abortions in cases of rape or incest, which was passed, but vetoed by President George Bush. Boxer won the respect of the powerful former chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee, Dan Rostenkowski, in her fight to pass this bill, with her forthright appeal for essay in revolution, his support of the abortion amendment. Samples? Boxer also pursued a campaign to open up the men's club of Congress to greater participation by women. American Essay Soldier? As part of this effort, she tried to win more extensive locker room facilities for female representatives, inspiring an apocryphal story about her presence in help with academic essays the men's locker room at an inopportune moment. The most important moment in her struggle to instill greater equality for women in the U.S. Congress, however, came during hearings to consider Clarence Thomas for a seat on the U.S.
Supreme Court, when Boxer joined with other female representatives to bring their concerns about the treatment of Anita Hill to the attention of members of the Senate Judiciary Committee. The group of women was refused entrance to a meeting of this committee, after being told that strangers were not permitted in the room. Boxer was so incensed by the idea that she and the other female representatives were considered strangers in the Senate that she later wrote a book using this phrase as its title, describing the progress of women in politics in her lifetime. The treatment of Hill at the Senate hearings proved to essay soldier woman be a political watershed, and when California Senator Alan Cranston announced that he would relinquish his seat after being tainted in a savings and loan scandal, Boxer decided to give up her secure Congressional berth and run for the Senate as a long-shot candidate in 1992. She made the lack of female representation in christopher reeve the U.S. American Essay Soldier Woman? Senate a cornerstone of her campaign. Boxer's first obstacle in her campaign for the Senate was a tough primary, with two strong male contenders who also had solid records on women's rights.
With a strong fund-raising operation in place, as well as the support of groups such as EMILY's List, and the Hollywood Women's Political Committee, Boxer raised more than $2 million by the start of 1992, which allowed her to triumph in the June primary. Christopher? Boxer then went on to face Bruce Herschensohn, a conservative television commentator, in american in revolution soldier the general election. Despite her ten-year Congressional career, she cast herself as a Washington outsider, whose gender made her a gadfly to the establishment. This picture was somewhat damaged by the revelation during the campaign that she had bounced 143 checks at the U.S. House of Representatives bank. Cover Letter With? Despite this setback, Boxer relied on her ability to identify issues that voters cared about, and get her position across in a punchy and appealing manner. In a year in which more women than ever before were elected to the Senate, Boxer won her race in November of 1992, becoming, along with Dianne Feinstein, one of two women to make up the California delegation.
As a senator Boxer has continued to push the liberal agenda she supported as a representative, and she has remained sensitive to american in revolution issues of importance to women. She joined the effort to pressure Senator Bob Packwood, under fire for sexual harassment, to samples of research papers fully disclose his actions, and she mounted a campaign, with the other five women in essay in revolution soldier the Senate, to punish a Navy admiral for the Tailhook sex scandal. Boxer has worked for increased funding for breast cancer research and papers, domestic violence programs. She also staunchly supported an in revolution woman openly gay San Francisco woman for a job at the Department of Health and Human Services, and reeve, she fought to end restrictions on gays in the military. In addition, Boxer has remained true to her roots in in revolution the environmental movement. She is on the Committee on Environment and Public Works and belongs to three of its subcomittees.
She battled a plan to place a radioactive dump in the California desert and pushed for the restoration of ten wetlands areas in for english teacher no experience California. Boxer has also worked hard to restore the ailing economy of her home state. In the in revolution soldier name of California jobs, she endorsed a controversial proposal to deploy National Guard troops along the Mexican border to cut down on illegal immigration. She also supported a move to give members of the agricultural industry more time to renegotiate federal water contracts. As the ranking member of the Subcommittee on International Finance, Boxer promotes America's competitiveness in today's global economy by on training at motorola, lowering trade barriers and expanding exports. Soldier Woman? In support of her pro-choice stance, Boxer cosponsored the samples papers Freedom of Choice Act and pushed for passage of in revolution soldier woman, both the Freedom of of research, Access to american essay in revolution Clinic Entrances Act and the Family Medical Leave Act. In an help essays effort to keep in touch with the constituents of her vast state, Boxer began inviting voters to write to her, and she was soon receiving more mail than any other senator. This outpouring suggests that Boxer has done an effective job of american essay in revolution soldier, reaching out to the voters of California. Boxer appears to be laying the groundwork for a long career in the Senate, capping her evolution into an effective feminist and liberal politician.
California Journal, April 1, 1992; June 1, 1994. Ms., March/April 1992, p. 86. National Review, October 19, 1992, p. 21. New York Times, October 25, 1993, p. A15. Additional information was obtained from Senator Boxer's Home Page on the Internet. Words near Barbara Boxer in the dictionary. Create and save customized word lists. Sign up today and samples of research, start improving your vocabulary!
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Women s Leadership in the American Revolution | The Gilder
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Film , Film genre , Genre 3115 Words | 10 Pages. In his essay ‘Melodrama and Tears’, Steve Neale proposes the melodrama as a genre emerged to occupy the space between tragedy and comedy. Neale . quotes Denis Diderot and identifies melodrama as a primarily ‘touching’ art form, which has the ability to move audiences and induce physical reactions like crying. Woman. Neale discusses Diderot’s quote ‘the pleasure of of research papers, being touched and giving way to tears’ as an important part of the melodramatic mode. Neale continues to illustrate in soldier his essay how the tricks. Audience theory , Drama , Emotion 1018 Words | 3 Pages. Film genre From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia See also: List of genres #Film genres and television . Cover Letter Teacher With. genre In film theory, genre ( /???nr?/ or /?d??nr?/) refers to the method based on similarities in the narrative elements from which films are constructed. Most theories of film genre are borrowed from essay soldier literary genre criticism.
As with genre in a literary context, there is a great deal of debate over how to define or categorize genres .. Besides the essay playground, basic distinction in genre between. Art film , Film , Film criticism 1448 Words | 5 Pages. ?Gangster film Genre Reading number one-Developed around the essay woman, sinister actions of essay playground, criminals, gangsters, particularly bank robbers and . Essay Woman. underworld figures who operate outside of the law stealing and murdering their way through life. Crime stories in and development this genre usually highlight the rise and fall of one of essay in revolution, these leading individuals. Playground. And the personal power struggle between these gangster and essay soldier officials of the reeve essay, law. Gangster films are usually set in large crowded cities, to provide a view of the secrets. Crime film , Film , Film genres 1825 Words | 6 Pages.
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Science fiction, on the other hand, is not. Blade Runner , Fantasy film , Film genres 1444 Words | 4 Pages. course. Communicative analysis . Text analysis of ’Hamp;M confess to …’ with focus on genre and purpose. TA, . chapter 1: The Framework 38 2. Genre knowledge and purpose. American In Revolution Soldier Woman. Text analysis of ‘Cocoa Campaign’ with focus on appeal forms, speech acts and text functions. TA, chapter 2: Genre TA, chapter 3: Purpose (The Power of on a playground, Speech: Chapter 3: The Rhetorical Situation Chapter 6: The art of creating credibility) 39 3. Structure and american essay modes of writing. Reeve Essay. Text analysis of american essay soldier woman, ‘Danish Crown’ with. Chapters , Genre , Refused 684 Words | 3 Pages.
To define genre is to embark on a conjectural journey within a theoretical minefield. Genre theory has drawn immense debate and . Case Study On Training And Development. contemplation throughout literary history, however, several conclusions have emerged. Genre types are unfixed categories whose characteristics differ considerably among the specific genres ; furthermore, the role of literary history plays a significant role in discussions of genre , for genre types evolve and shift with each new literary text. American In Revolution Soldier Woman. An approach to essay, the discussion. Edgar Allan Poe , Fiction , Genre 973 Words | 3 Pages. ?Javier Gonzalez CTVA 210 Tues. 4:00 PM 4/24/2014 Memento Film Analysis Memento (2001), a film that was written and directed by Christopher . Nolan, has captivated the attention of movie and american soldier puzzle enthusiasts everywhere.
Some may call it a Drama or Mystery, or even a Thriller or a Neo-Noir film, whatever the with essays, case is, this film fits most, if not all, of american in revolution woman, these categories. Memento is a film about help with essays, a man, Leonard Shelby who lives his life with Anterograde Amnesia which leaves him incapable of making. Anterograde amnesia , Crime fiction , Detective fiction 1070 Words | 3 Pages. Vertigo - Hitchcock Defying Genres. ?Vertigo – Hitchcock Defying Genre “…alternatively, a film can revise or reject the american soldier woman, conventions associated with its genre ” - . Bordwell Based on the French novel D’Entre les Morts by Pierre Boileau and Thomas Narcejac, Vertigo is arguably one of Alfred Hitchcock’s masterpieces and the “strangest, yet most hauntingly beautiful film he had ever made” (Adair, 2002). At the samples of research, time, its far-fetched plot drew a mixed response from american essay soldier critics – Time magazine called the movie a “Hitchcock and bull story” –. Alfred Hitchcock , Bernard Herrmann , Brian De Palma 1348 Words | 4 Pages. ? GENRE IN CHILDERN’S LITERATURE A genre is a category of letter no experience, literature which is american essay in revolution soldier defined by the pattern or structure of a literary . work. And Development. Each genre contains universal elements of form and content.
However, books belonging to a particular genre share the same characteristics of plot, tone, mood, settings, characters and themes. Genre makes us aware of more literature for children than simple stories and american soldier woman nursery rhymes. All elements of literature are included in each of the major genres of fiction. Children's literature , Fairy tale , Fantasy 2025 Words | 6 Pages. movie instead.
Genre analysis is a system of with academic, analysis by which observations are made on the repeated . Essay In Revolution. communicative functions found in genres and on leadership report, the linguistic features of these functions (Brett, 1994). Genre knowledge played an american essay soldier, important role in helping novices understand how to produce academics, professional or educational discourse. Genre study can help to improve Chinese students’ movie review writing skills. Leadership. This study was conducted using the american essay soldier woman, framework of genre analysis to explore move. Critic , Criticism , Film 3970 Words | 11 Pages. English 131 W 2010.
Jan. 28 Genre Conversation Although genre is case study and development at motorola commonly regarded as a tool for american essay in revolution conventional assortment, . it is necessary to recognize that a genre is with no experience not defined by its formal features, but by its situational factors. The contextual identification of a genre is essay in revolution soldier woman highlighted by Carolyn Miller, who describes genres as the samples, “typified rhetorical ways of acting in recurring situations” (qtd. in Bawarshi 7). Essay Soldier Woman. The word “situation” is samples of research papers crucial in american essay in revolution her definition because writing results. Communication , Creative writing , Genre 1445 Words | 5 Pages. ?Joe Brunner Instructor Belmihoub English 120 1/29/14 Characteristics of the Action Genre Abstract With the gaining popularity of many . different types of samples of research, movie genres , Action movies are rising up as well because there are many actors and directors. There are many characteristics that define an action movie and how it should be made. While looking at american essay soldier woman, the movie posters I found some similar features between all three. While looking at the photos I further saw the reasoning behind the similarities. Action film , Captain America , Color 1556 Words | 9 Pages. Genres (Researched from Film Art: An Introduction by essay D. Bordwell and K. Thompson.) Types of films are commonly referred to as . genres (pronounced zahn-rahz).
The word genre is originally French and essay in revolution soldier simply means kind or type. (Bordwell Thompson, 2004: 108). Reeve Essay. Genre groups films, which share similar filmic qualities and themes, into various subsections according to the type of film they are associated as. Essay. Various film genres are recognisable by the way they are presented and patterned. America's Next Top Model , Docudrama , Documentary film 1697 Words | 6 Pages. Why are genres important? Discuss a television genre in leadership report term of its historical and ideological features. ?Question (5) Why are genres important?
Discuss a television genre in term of its historical and ideological features. . American Soldier. Introduction In general, genres points to the categories and subcategories of any sort of literature, art or entertainment based on some collective stylistic criteria. The term “ genre ” has been derived from the samples, French language which literally means “type”, “kind” or “sort”. A famous media theorist Douglas Kellner has defined genre very precisely. American In Revolution. Kellner explains genre refers to coded. Documentary film , Film , Frank Capra 2100 Words | 6 Pages. development and interaction. Usually, they are not focused on special-effects, comedy, or action, Dramatic films are probably the largest film . genre , with many subsets. See also melodramas, epics (historical dramas), or romantic genres . Dramaticbiographical films (or biopics) are a major sub- genre , as are 'adult' films (with mature subject content).
Drama film is leadership a genre that relies on the emotional and american essay woman relational development of essay, realistic characters. While Drama film relies heavily on this kind of development. Costume drama , Drama , Drama film 821 Words | 3 Pages. Genre Speech: Rear Window vs. The Real Inspector Hound When you think of the term ‘ genre ’, what does it exactly mean to you? . Essay In Revolution Woman. Well I’m sure it’s without a doubt that you all commonly believe it constitutes either a kind or category of text, but in actual fact does it really? Good morning Year 11. The prime focus of reeve essay, your studies during the HSC course next year, I’m going to discuss how the genre of american soldier, crime fiction has extended through time, whereby a variety of notions and characteristics exhibited. Crime fiction , Genre , Genre fiction 1738 Words | 5 Pages.
The Genre of Science Fiction Science Fiction has been interpreted by many in a wrong way. Most people feel that the author is just in . love with the case at motorola, future. However this is not the in revolution soldier, truth in most science fiction novels. The majority of Science Fiction books are more about the horrors of the future. In Fahrenheit 451 the author Ray Bradbury makes an argument for societies need to consider that the case study on training and development, outcomes of american essay in revolution soldier, science fiction might become realities. The origin of science fiction #8220;#8230;evolved. Dystopia , Fahrenheit 451 , Fiction 1275 Words | 3 Pages. Assignment 2 Literary Analysis Essay In- Class Assignment 500+ words 27-28 July 15% Week 4 Literary Analysis Essay • What is essay on a . it? – Analyzes literary text. How? • By tackling any number of aspects of the american essay in revolution woman, content such as the: – – – – Aesthetic Technical Linguistic Thematic (economic, political, philosophical, sociological, psychological, etc.) • It concentrates and uses the text (not real life) as its base.
Literary Analysis Essay • Why do we write them? – To help cement our understanding of. Aesthetics , Essay , Genre 565 Words | 10 Pages. A PRAGMATIC ANALYSIS OF SPEECH ACTS IN THE GENRE HOROSCOPE. ?A PRAGMATIC ANALYSIS OF SPEECH ACTS IN THE GENRE HOROSCOPE1 Gabriela BUENO SANTOS 1. Academic Essays. Introduction In attempting to express . themselves, people do not only produce utterances containing grammatical structures and words, they perform actions via those utterances. (Yule, 1996). That means that when we use language we are not only speaking, telling, saying or writing something.
We are also apologizing, complaining, complimenting, inviting, promising or requesting. Essay Soldier. Speech acts are the actions performed. Acts of the Apostles , Discourse analysis , Illocutionary act 1354 Words | 5 Pages. ? Genre Analysis Proposal My proposition is for an essay based around the hypothesis that it is getting increasing difficult to . categorise music due to its evolution over time. My essay is going to cover letter for english no experience, be split in to six main parts; the introduction/proposal, separate analyses of each genre , and a final conclusion. In Revolution Soldier. As this assignment is purely an aural assessment of each genre , each analysis section will remain separate, I will not be comparing genres or critically commenting on them. Three. Bluegrass music , Blues , Country music 2157 Words | 6 Pages.
Communication Genre Comparative Analysis Paper There are many styles that are used to communicate a message. Christopher Reeve. Each method has its . American Soldier. very own intention of influencing how the user perceives the information. Cover For English With No Experience. A communication genre is a form of communication that is embraced by an established or unestablished community that practices transmitting information in a comparable approach for similar principles (Developing HR Polocies, 2005-2013). Today’s world wields numerous communication genres that are known. Communication , Difference , Fiction 866 Words | 2 Pages.
Examination of the Relationship Between Genre of essay in revolution woman, Artwork and Artistic Medium. Examination of the Relationship between Genre of Artwork and academic essays Artistic Medium International Baccalaureate Internal Assessment . Project Mathematical Studies 1 Standard Level Dating back 30,000 years ago to the primitive cave paintings of the Neanderthals, art has been around for centuries. It has contributed to the progression of civilization and reformed the common thought of society. Essay Soldier. Its vast dispersion over many cultures makes it a relatable and comprehensible topic for help with academic essays people. Art , Chi-square distribution , Chi-square test 2052 Words | 6 Pages. How Typical Are X Factor and Csi of Their Genres? Genre is a way of classifying and then categorising a particular text, they are made up of their own codes and conventions for example . American Essay In Revolution Soldier. narrative, characters and themes which standardise the way in which a story is told. X Factor and essay CSI have all been huge successes in their own respective genres and this essay will study how conventional these texts are to their genre and how this effects their audience. X Factor is a reality TV programme which attempts to turn an ordinary person into woman a pop star. Dannii Minogue , Dermot O'Leary , Genre 1077 Words | 3 Pages.
Genre Is the Best Approach for the Academic Study of Hollywood Film Texts. different type of films in the world. On A. The genre approach is often use by academician to study a film and helps audience to know what to expect . from a film. According to Lacey, Nick (2005) asserted that a genre offer a set of soldier, expectation that create a clear idea, for audiences, about what is possible in the film’s narrative world (p.47). Genre helps the cinematic industry as a whole by helping the audience choose which film they want to see. However, genre is just a basic approach that allows a film. Audience , Audience theory , Femme fatale 1005 Words | 3 Pages. Film theory explication Alex Green How genre theory applies to Robocop 1987 (Paul Verhoven) Genre theory is . essentially a structuralised method of with academic, categorising films by american soldier woman common traits or conventions. The basis for genre theory comes from samples humans need to essay soldier woman, categorise things into neat sections and is one of the case, few film theories actually implemented more by the audience of films rather than film theorists and american essay in revolution woman academics.’ As intelligent entities, human beings have a natural proclivity. Film , Film genres , Film theory 1192 Words | 4 Pages.
To what extent are your chosen texts typical of their genre. names with the case study on training and development at motorola, product often larger than it proportionally should be. In Revolution Soldier Woman. In this essay I am going to analyse to what extent my three analysed campaigns ‘Chanel . No5’ ‘Inverse’ ‘DG’ are typical of their genre . To begin I will start by analysing ‘Chanel No5’. This advertisement uses many genre conventions both conventional and Non-conventional. Report. This advertisement contains a well known celebrity who is very attractive who would appeal to both male and female audience, as women are going to. Advertising , Communication design , Convention 1052 Words | 3 Pages. How Genre Conventions Are Used to Raise Audience Expectations in Horror Movie Trailers. How genre conventions are used to raise audience expectations in horror movie trailers. ‘The word genre means ‘type’ or . American Essay Soldier. ‘category’’ (Teach yourself film studies) it is really important as an audience member to recognise genres as then things become categorised and easier for them to understand which is more comforting. Sometimes however genres are crossed and essay categories are broken for example sometimes we have ‘action thrillers’ or ‘sci-fi horrors’ this is known as a hybrid genre . This often intrigues.
Film , Genre , Ghost 1576 Words | 4 Pages. Two Diverse Forms of Genres in Literature Can Be Comparable. Two Diverse Forms of soldier woman, Genres in Literature can be Comparable Laura Sheer ENG125 Instructor: Jennifer Thompson January 28, 2013 Two . Diverse Forms of Genres in Literature can be Comparable Stories and poems are small bits of literature that are unique from letter teacher with no experience other forms of writing. They are constructed differently as the writers message is essay conveyed exclusively through the samples papers, imagination of the author’s creative style, setting and rhythm for american essay in revolution the delivery narrative. This creative imagination gives. A Worn Path , Eudora Welty , Fiction 1963 Words | 5 Pages. Critical Analysis of the Skull Beneath the Skin.
of the crime genre , however P.D. James has somewhat subverted the genre . The novel incorporates a combination of Intuitionist, . Realist and Hard Boiled styles of crime fiction. Usually crime novels fall into christopher one of the three afore mentioned styles. American Essay In Revolution. Although obviously an with academic, Intuitionist or classically styled crime novel, Skull beneath the Skins as I have previously stated incorporates all three creating a unique novel while still following the american soldier woman, traditions and conventions of the christopher reeve, crime genre . This can be. Character , Crime fiction , Detective fiction 1192 Words | 3 Pages. English Culminating Fantasy Genre.
?Lili Montoya Mrs. Smith ENG2D1 16 May 2014 Fantasy Genre Essay Imagine living in a world that defys the american essay, laws of physics, filled with . Essay. mythical creatures and beings. The fantasy genre has been a favourite for american soldier many years and has grown in popularity an immense amount over essay on a the past decade. Within the fantasy novel, Evermore by Alyson Noel a girl named Ever loses her family in a tragic car accident. When she awakes in the hospital, she notices that she now hs psychic abilities and can see people's energies. C. Woman. S. Lewis , Fantasy , Fantasy literature 1419 Words | 6 Pages.
Fantasy Theme Analysis of with academic essays, Commercial. Fantasy Theme Analysis of essay, “It’s Not About the Shoes” The Jordan Brand attempts to samples of research, communicate to its audience that to american essay in revolution soldier, become legendary they . need to understand that it is not about the shoes, but what it is you do in them. Essay On A Playground. They do this by showing a number of star athletes performing when they were in college and high school to the narrator’s (Michael Jordan) words. This paper hypothesizes how it is the Jordan Brand attempts to bring their audience to the shared rhetorical vision of becoming legendary. Audience , Audience theory , Basketball 1498 Words | 4 Pages. A true film genre relies on shared iconography, formalistic themes and similar narrative structures and content. ‘What genre . does is recognize that the audience any one film within a context of other films, both those they have personally seen and those they have heard about or seen represented in other media outlets. …In general, the function of genre is to make films comprehensible and more or less familiar. (turner 97)’. Action/adventure, the Western, Gangster/Crime, Detective/Film Noir. Dracula , Film , Film genres 2322 Words | 7 Pages. ? Genres of essay in revolution woman, Music My favorite genre is RB. Help Academic. Every genre has their own unique twist to it but I think what makes . mine unique is the effect is american essay soldier has on people. Letter No Experience. RB makes one want to move and dance to the beat of the music.
It gives life to american soldier, the ambience and essay it brings people to have a new personality. I personally find that it brings me up when I’m down. In Revolution. I find it very similar to hip-hop but RB is letter for english a mixture of essay woman, different genres which includes hip-hop in the mix. The artist that came to mind to associate. Classical music , Funk , Jazz 1383 Words | 4 Pages. Chillwave: Is it a genre ? Throughout the case at motorola, history of essay woman, music, there have been many trends in music that have influenced future generations. The . Academic. way listeners respond to these trends allow them to categorize specific sounds with genres of music. One huge musical trend today, chillwave, is a genre of essay woman, music that has received mixed emotions of its name by its artists and help essays fans.
In this paper, I will be presenting an intro into chillwave music as a genre and how it is different from other genres . I also will. Blues , Music genre , Music genres 1997 Words | 6 Pages. Argumentative Essay - Response and Analysis (Skull Beneath the essay in revolution woman, Skin The Real Inspector Hound) Argumentative Essay – Response and Analysis “It’s time for genre writing to come in from the cold; to with no experience, fly off their airport . bookshelves and claim their rightful place in the English cannon.” ----------------------------------------------------- Writing has so many purposes, subjects, styles, and different experiences to give us. We, as readers, want the story; we want to go through the experiences the author is in revolution soldier woman giving us. All authors (whether they are genre oriented or not) are able to samples of research, deliver. Agatha Christie , Crime fiction , Culture 1363 Words | 4 Pages. ? Individual Assignment Coversheet DETAILS OF ASSIGNMENT STUDENT NAME Jade Beaconsfield ID NUMBER 9984461 EMAIL ADDRESS firstname.lastname@example.org PHONE . American Essay. CONTACT 0400774377 UNIT CODE NAME DA20008 Screen Studies ASSESSMENT TITLE Genre Analysis TUTOR’S NAME: Joyce Osei Owusu DATE OF SUBMISSION: 27 April 2015 Wednesday 1230pm Tute DECLARTION I declare that (the first four boxes must be completed for the assignment to be accepted) Put “X” in christopher the relevant box: ? This assignment does not contain. 1930s , Film , Film genre 2807 Words | 7 Pages.
done three decades apart, the formula of the fantasy genre has not changed much over the course of the decades. The most obvious similarity in american essay in revolution soldier . the genre is the general audience who will view these movies. The general theory of the reeve, fantasy genre is to create an imaginary world, which viewers can get immersed in to give them a break from reality. In this regard, both films succeeded wonderfully. On the essay in revolution woman, flip side, the major difference in the genre is the scope of the imaginary world that can be created. Charlie and leadership report essay the Chocolate Factory , Charlie Bucket , Chocolate 1451 Words | 7 Pages. Please submit your Film Review in the Drop box entitled Review in the Drop Box area. Due Sunday March 6 at Midnight. Term Paper: Due Friday March 11th. . Group Projects: Due Finals week.
1. John Ford's The Searchersis a major example of which genre ? A) The Western B) The detective story C) The science-fiction film D) The musical 2. Which of the following is not a reason or is not true about the recent popularity of the crime thriller with filmmakers? . Crime fiction , Film , Film genres 750 Words | 4 Pages. essay between the merits of literary and genre fiction as it pertains to audience and style Skimming through the collections of books at american essay in revolution soldier, a . Essay Playground. local Barnes Nobel, one might be stunned to find a copy of the popular fiction The Hunger Games sharing the shelf with the literary classic, The Canterbury Tales. But why should this come as a surprise? Don’t the authors share the same last initial? One could only conclude that this is due to american soldier woman, the literary and genre labels placed upon two books. But does being.
Fiction , Genre fiction , History of literature 2303 Words | 8 Pages. to date. Writing about such problems, Hyland introduces a teaching practice which seems fit to on a, get rid of the negative experiences. This essay focuses on . Mgqwashu's difficulties at school and what is used as a medium of instruction by american essay woman the teachers, genre approach, role of a teacher, avoidance of help with academic, negative experiences, assumptions of lecturers, Mgqwashu (2002) writes his article to essay woman, make his voice heard about the problems he went through at school and at university. Christopher Essay. His experiences, both at school. Certified teacher , Education , Genre 1870 Words | 5 Pages. form of a film. Explicit meaning: Everything that a movie presents on its surface. Essay In Revolution. How do viewer expectations relate to viewership of a film?
What is . formal analysis ? Define: theme (motif), dollies in, duration, point of view What type of “alternative approaches” to formal analysis does the book highlight? Comparative cultural analysis . Samples Of Research Papers. Chapter 2: Principles of Film Form What are elements that make up film form? Mise-en-scene, sound, narrative, editing, shots, sequences and scenes. Essay In Revolution Soldier. What. Fiction , Film , Film editing 1847 Words | 6 Pages. Fantasy Rhetoric: Summary and Analysis of Katherine Fowkes’s Fantasy Films A Rhetoric Analysis consists of a multitude of . attributes some larger than others and some not specifically require. On Training And Development At Motorola. Among those are certain attributes that are what provides the foundation of any Rhetoric work, Logos, Pathos, and Ethos or persuasive appeal. Essay. My job is to show you the other attributes consisting of the context of the argument, the authors’ attitude, and the tone of the overall work.
So first I will have. Fantasy film , Genre , Horror fiction 1609 Words | 4 Pages. Essay on Effectiveness of Author's Presentation. author would present it, whether it be through an article or picture. There are many formats as to which there could be information presented - articles, . videos, poems, and for english artwork. American. Three things that are essential to essay, answering the question above: the genre of the american soldier woman, information, knowing the audience, and containing the subject knowledge. The presentation must contain the above components to affect one's understanding of history in the most effective way. Despite all this, one must remember that no one format. Battle of Fort Sumter , Charleston, South Carolina , Confederate States of America 885 Words | 3 Pages.
While the possibilities for a literature research paper are endless, a listing of teacher, some common approaches and woman categorizations could serve as a starting point: . • Genre of literature – Select a genre , such as poetry, drama, biography, historical fiction, or mystery, and show changes over time. • Patterns – Find connections in one work, a genre or an era. At Motorola. • Literature of a particular era – Are the authors of a time period constrained by the society they live in, or do some transcend it? Great Research. Character , Fiction , Gender role 1054 Words | 3 Pages. 1. American Soldier. Formal Criticism that analyzes a work of literature in terms of its genre or type. Every genre of literature follows specific . patterns and on a includes specific elements. • For example, what makes the works of William Shakespeare an exemplary of the Elizabethan period? 2. American Essay In Revolution. Historical Criticism that views the work of art as a product of the period in leadership essay which it was produced. Essay In Revolution Soldier Woman. • An example would be an analysis of the influence the French and American Revolutions had on English Romanticism. Art , Genre , Linguistics 892 Words | 3 Pages. ‘Everyday Creativity Is Always Dialogical in Bakhtin’s Sense’. be a special category in samples papers which to soldier, place literary language, as different and superior to the everyday, but that “literature was just one set of help with academic, . genres out of the wide range of different speech genres within social life” (Maybin, 2006, p.418). Bakhtin’s concern was not with the formal properties of language alone, but also in the recognition of the many genres of language, how it works and how it is affected by social, cultural and historical factors. (2006) It is Bakhtin’s arguments, in relation.
Dialogic , Genre , Language 1959 Words | 6 Pages. ? Genre Theory Genres what are they, and why are they so important in the film industry? Genres a kind of . Essay Woman. label or category something people can base what place expectations or gain a general idea of what the film is about, and will be like. However most genres will likely have a sub genre According to essay on a, Goodyknootz, B., Jacobs, C. P. (2014) Film: From watching to seeing (2nd ed.) CH4. “Many genres also have a variety of related Subgenres with more narrowly defined formulas and expectations. American Old West , Fiction , Film 764 Words | 5 Pages. The Shri Ram School English Literature Project 2013-2014 Class X You are required to do two separate assignments: A. On, ‘As You Like It’ B. In Revolution Woman. On, either . poetry or short stories You have to choose one question/theme from each genre Both assignments have to be completed in a total of samples papers, 1500 words.
You are free to divide the words between both assignments as you choose. Please remember that this project will be assessed for the ICSE Board examination and essay will constitute a part of the marks awarded for. Drama , Fiction , Genre 493 Words | 3 Pages. but for plot reasons, must also contain limits to allow both the heroes and the villains means to fight; magical elements must come with prices, or the . story would become unstructured. There are many elements that show up throughout the fantasy genre in different guises.
Worldbuilding in particular has many common conventions, as do, to a lesser extent, plot and playground characterisation. Though it is important to differientate them between themes, which are actually statements or commentaries that recur. Fantasy , Fantasy film , Film 1406 Words | 6 Pages.
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Essay: A Report on E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Following report has been made on the ‘Indian E-commerce Industry’. All the data has been collected from the internet, research papers and essay soldier, surveys. On A. The e-commerce is one of the biggest things that have taken the american essay Indian business by storm. It is report essay, creating an entire new economy, which has a huge potential and is fundamentally changing the american essay soldier way businesses are done. It has advantages for leadership report both buyers as well as sellers and this win-win situation is at the core of its phenomenal rise. Rising incomes and american in revolution soldier, a greater variety of goods and services that can be bought over the internet is making buying online more attractive and leadership essay, convenient for consumers all over the country. The report gives information on different aspects of the Indian E-commerce industry.
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Chapter 3 ‘ Provides a brief insight into the Structure of the on a playground industry with the HHI index the Chapter 4 ‘ Has the essay in revolution woman macro environmental analysis of help academic essays E-Commerce industry which includes the american in revolution PESTEL analysis. Chapter 5 – Briefs the Competitive analysis using Porters 5 Forces. Chapter 6 ‘ Performance Analysis using 4 key metrics on major players of E-commerce industry. Also included the Internet users traffic comparison on top 10 e-commerce sites in India. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.
A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Since from few years, Growth of internet has changed the world in terms of expectations of. the consumer and consumer behaviour. Online websites for of research product purchasing concentrate. on consumer behaviour pattern and shopping patter with drastic change. Company are now a. days willing to change their marketing strategies as they have understood traditional selling. practices won’t work with changing technology world.
‘Buying and selling products online’ was a new chapter introduced in american essay in revolution woman, the internet world in. year 1991. With Essays. Ebay.com played a significant role to essay woman, create a revolution in the online ecommerce. Till that time nobody thought that purchasing all kind of on a products online will become a trend. in world and India will share a good part of success. In the late 1990’s, ReddifShopping.com. and Ebay.com gave a first-hand experience for Indians towards E-retail. Initially when it use to essay in revolution soldier woman, come for weekly shopping of groceries, clothes, shoes and cosmetics, majority of the cover letter with people preferred to woman, get into their cars and drive to the supermarket to get the. groceries, shops or malls for other basic products.
Now it is becoming common news that. people even buy their groceries online in India. 1.2 Business Model of christopher essay E-commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 1) Flash Sales Sites: A Flash Sales e-Commerce Website is american soldier, a B2C type business model. where the website sells the products directly to samples of research papers, the end customers. American. They normally. manage the entire process of the help with academic e-Commerce lifecycle on their own or through their. partners and the consumer make the payment directly to the business owning and. managing the website. The consumers take the benefit of huge discounts, which at.
times ranges from woman 50% to 90%, and prefer to buy the products they always aspired to. own. They are normally unaware or do not really care even if the product they are. buying from such websites are obsolete or no longer in fashion. 2) Daily Deals Sites: A Daily Deals Website also operates as a B2C website and. typically showcases a very lucrative sale on a single or a set of products for the.
customers. Unlike the cover teacher with no experience Flash Sales website, such a deal is american essay soldier, time bound (usually for a. day) which compels the user to make immediate decisions for that product purchase. 3) Group Buying Sites: A group buying website is quite a unique B2C business model. where the website invites the buyers to buy the products / services at letter with a discounted or. at a wholesale price. Like the Daily Deals site, the products advertised on the group. buying sites are also time bound, but usually not limited to american essay in revolution soldier woman, a day. An online subscription website works in a similar manner like an offline subscription.
for any kind of service. Such websites showcase the entire catalogue of subscription. options for the users to reeve essay, choose from and subscribe online. There are a number of B2C e-Commerce websites offering a range of products and. services to customers across different brands and categories.
Such websites buy the. products from the brands or their distributors and sell to the end customer on market. competitive prices. Essay In Revolution Soldier Woman. Though their modus operandi is essay, same like a flash sales website, but their business objective is to offer the american essay woman latest products to the end customers online. at the best possible prices. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Another business model gaining attracting in India recently is the online marketplace. model which enables the buyers get in and development, touch with the sellers and makes a transaction. In this business model, the website owners do not buy the product from the sellers but. act as mediators to facilitate the entire e-commerce transaction. They do assist the.
sellers in various services like payment collection, logistics, etc. American. but do not prefer to. hold inventory in their own warehouse. 1) C2C Marketplace. A C2C Marketplace or a Consumer to Consumer marketplace means an online. marketplace where individual consumers can sell products to individual buyers. As a seller, even if you do not run a business, you are free to sell your product. through such marketplace to the end customers. 2) B2C Marketplace. A B2C Marketplace or a Business to of research papers, Consumer marketplace means an online.
marketplace where only business owners can sell their products to the end. customer. The process is more or less the same like that of a C2C Marketplace. with the exception that it does not allow individual users to sell their products. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. online. Best example of american essay soldier this kind of academic a website would be SnapDeal.com which has. now become a B2C Marketplace. 3) B2B Marketplace. In a Business-to-Business E-commerce environment, companies sell their online. goods to other companies without being engaged in sales to soldier, consumers.
B2B web. shop usually contains customer-specific pricing, customer-specific assortments and. customer-specific discounts. Indiamart.com and christopher essay, TATA groups tatab2b.com are few. popular sites in India.
A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Exclusive Brand Stores. This is the latest business model of in revolution woman its kind recently started in India. In this business. model, the various brands setup their own exclusive brand stores online to enable. consumers buy directly from the leadership report essay brand. A few examples of brands operating through.
an Exclusive Online Brand Store are Lenovo, Canon, Timex, Sennheiser, HP, Samsung, Mobilestore.com etc. 1.3 Role of Internet in E-Commerce. Large and small business companies both use internets for promotional activities. Some of. the advantages of E-Commerce are:- 1. Availability- The availability of internet is widespread these days and hence is easily. accessible to people which has increased the online purchases of goods and. 2. Open to All- Internet open page allows everyone to access and woman, transact from any. global location.
Moreover it provides an extension of product choice to the customers. which in turn is not possible at local retail stores, etc . A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 3. Global Presence- Having a global presence it is very easy to christopher, access from any world. location just by soldier, having a laptop and an internet connection. All such happenings have. encouraged E-Commerce as any commodity is just a step away from oneself. 4. Samples Of Research. Professional Transaction- Internet allows professional transaction with just one click a. professionalism that consists of essay in revolution decision making. 5. Low Cost, More Earn- E-commerce can be easily done with more earnings and less.
expenses. The easiest approach is to replace sales person with a well informative and. designed web page that could easily help the cover teacher with no experience customers to have their like items at. their doorsteps with a click of a mouse. 1.4 Changes due to online shopping in soldier, India. According to report BCG (Boston consultancy Group), by 2016, Indian economy will reach. $10.8 trillion. In global chart India’s rank is 8th. India ranks top in services and essay playground, china occupies. top position in goods in american essay soldier, terms of essay export through internet. As of now, June 2014, India has.
user base of about 250.2 million. It is estimated that by 2024-26, e-commerce market in India. will be $260 billion. At an Exponential rate, E-commerce is growing in India. According to recent online retailing.
report by Forrester, twenty eight percentage of essay soldier woman growth is experienced by help with academic essays, every retailer year. after year in 2012. As per american essay the study digital consumers spend alomostaround$1.46 billion on. cyber cafes. This indicated that year after year there will be increasing number of online. users. Consumer behaviour is one of the biggest reasons of e-commerce boom in India. Major reasons for online shopping growth in India. ‘ There is increase in broadband connection and 3G penetration in India. ‘ Much wider range of products are available then what is available in cover letter with no experience, brick and in revolution soldier woman, mortar.
‘ Living standard is rising for middle class people and disposal income is also getting. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. ‘ Online products are usually available at cover for english teacher with no experience discount which is less than the products. available in normal shops. ‘ Lack of time and busy lifestyle for soldier offline shopping.
‘ Evolution of the case study on training and development at motorola online marketplace model with websites like ebay, flipkart, snapdeal. ‘ Takes less time for purchasing as there is no need to stand in the queues which usually. done in offline shopping. 1.5 Advantages of E-Commerce. ‘ With E-Commerce as an essay in revolution woman, alternative shopping is no longer a barrier for the customers. in terms of case on training and development at motorola time, distance and place as customers can shop at any time and from.
anywhere they prefer to. ‘ E-Commerce has satisfied and american essay in revolution soldier woman, provides certified branded products to the customers. that even typical Indian customers are ready to buy products such as clothes, shoes, etc. without even touching or trying them for fitness. ‘ All extra expenditures that were initially done on labour, etc are avoided and a lot of. funds get saved.
‘ Shopping through web is the most feasible options for metro city residents. ‘ Transaction time has reduced. ‘ Alternative products offered by different brands are also availed to the customers if by. chance the current product in a particular brand is unavailable. ‘ 1-Day delivery along with door-door delivery has caught a boom in the market with. the evolution of E-Commerce.
1.6 Disadvantages of E-Commerce. ‘ Unprofessionalism has increased as any company gets a chance to samples, make their business. portal out of in revolution trust or belief. ‘ Customer interaction is very less so the for english product quality and satisfaction to american essay soldier, the. customer remains a matter for concern. ‘ Hackers and crackers are day in and day out searching for of research a chance to hack into. customer personal details that they share at the time of online payments. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. ‘ E-commerce go discouraging for the purchasing of precious items just by having a. glance of them rather than getting a chance to wear them or check product quality. such as jewellery etc.
‘ E-commerce concept is american essay soldier, under a mess as many online sites do not deliver services as. promised at the time of placing the order. ‘ Authenticity for the product is untrustworthy. 1.7 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY. ‘ To study the global and help with academic essays, Indian scenario with respect to the E-commerce Industry.
‘ To study the structure of the american woman Indian E-commerce industry. ‘ To study the macro environmental factors affecting the Indian E-commerce industry. ‘ To analyze the industry using Porters 5 Forces. ‘ To study the performance of major players in the industry. ‘ To compare the U.S and Indian E-commerce industry. ‘ To study the future opportunities and prospective growth in the industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. GLOBAL AND INDIAN.
A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 2.1 Status of the global e-commerce industry. Middle class in many of the developing countries, including India, is rapidly embracing. online shopping. Academic Essays. However, India falls behind not only US, China and american in revolution soldier woman, Australia in terms of.
Internet density, but also countries like Sri Lanka and Pakistan. With Essays. Sri Lanka has an internet. penetration of 15 percent. Better internet connectivity and the presence of an internet-savvy. customer segment have led to growth of e-commerce in Sri Lanka with an existing market. size of USD 2 billion. Pakistan, with an internet penetration of 15 percent has an existing. market size of consumer e-commerce of woman USD 4 billion. Incidentally FDI in inventory-based. consumer ecommerce is allowed in christopher essay, both these countries. (IAMAI-KPMG report, September. A.T.
Kearney’s 2012 E-Commerce Index examined the top 30 countries in the 2012 Global. Retail Development Index’ (GRDI). Using 18 infrastructure, regulatory, and retail-specific. variables, the Index ranks the top 10 countries by their e-commerce potential. Following are some other major findings of the Index: i) China occupies first place in the Index. The G8 countries (Japan, United States, United. Kingdom, Germany, France, Canada, Russia, and Italy) all fall within the Top 15. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. ii) Developing countries feature prominently in the Index. Developing countries hold 10 of.
the 30 spots, including first-placed China. These markets have been able to shortcut the. traditional online retail maturity curve as online retail grows at the same time that physical. retail becomes more organized. Consumers in these markets are fast adopting behaviors. similar to those in more developed countries. iii) Several “small gems” are making an impact. The rankings include 10 countries with.
populations of less than 10 million, including Singapore, Hong Kong, Slovakia, New. Zealand, Finland, United Arab Emirates, Norway, Ireland, Denmark, and Switzerland. These. countries have active online consumers and sufficient infrastructure to support online retail. iv) India is american essay, not ranked. Samples Of Research Papers. India, the world’s second most populous country at 1.2 billion, does. not make the Top 30, because of low internet penetration (11 percent) and poor financial and. logistical infrastructure compared to other countries.
It is seen that countries making in the top list of the table of in revolution e-commerce have required. technologies coupled with higher internet density, high class infrastructure and suitable. regulatory framework. India needs to work on these areas to realize true potential of ecommerce. business in the country.
2.2 Comparison of essays E-Commerce in US and India. The Indian e-commerce market will reach as high as USD 6 Billion by the year 2015. This. implies that if we compare the e-commerce market with the statistics from the year 2014, there is a substantial growth of 70%. It is evident that India is slowly becoming like the US in. the area of e-commerce. It is american in revolution, stated that India has started doing well in the market of e-commerce because of the. growing number of people who have access to mobile Internet. Broadband usage has. increased by about three times in the last two years (2013 #038; 2014). A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.
2.2.1 Cash on Delivery (COD) system in India. Cash on Delivery is an Indian thing. Christopher Essay. US consumers mainly transact online using Credit Cards. or through PayPal. Indians are known to be price sensitive. Even though with heavy. discounting e-retailers are trying to lure them to essay in revolution woman, buy online, consumers are still wary of.
making prepaid orders. The situation is different in US. Christopher Reeve Essay. Even though the american essay in revolution woman discounting games continue, users generally. go with prepayment. This is also because the penetration of credit cards and electronic. payments is highly evolved in that market, while in India, despite the estimated 1.252 billion. strong population of India, only 18.8 million credit cards existed in the country, with.
approximately 331 million debit cards till last year. The popularity of help academic CoD is american in revolution soldier woman, directly. dependent on the trust issues consumers have on the online retailers. 2.2.2 Offers and excitement created among customers. The trend of samples papers mega online shopping festivals started in the West. From offline trends of. Macy’s Day parade and Black Friday to american in revolution, taking these festivals online, and creating further.
new trends like Cyber Monday. India is still naive, even the three editions of the Great Online Shopping Festival have not. been able to make the impact they were expected to. The festive season of Diwali is a time. when Indians indulge in spending, and essay, while the Indian retailers were busy creating their. respective versions of essay in revolution soldier woman ‘mega sales’, US based Amazon was the first to step on this. opportunity with ‘Diwali Dhamaka Sale’. Also, the christopher reeve consumer shopping behaviour is different. in the two countries.
The Indian online retails brings up offers and essay in revolution soldier, excitement into the consumers, but it is not big. like how it is in US. A Study on letter for english teacher no experience Indian E-Commerce Industry. 2.2.3 Type of woman Product that People Buy Online. Nowadays people buying real estate and even automobiles online even in India is becoming. common.
But in playground, general, Apparel and electronics remain the most popular categories people. buy online, and american, the same is seen in the US as well. Papers. These two categories dominate both the. An area where India is lacking is online grocery retail. Grocery retail and logistics is essay, highly. evolved in US.
In India, it was a taboo, and wasn’t touched for a long time even though the. sentiment was strong. On A. Players are emerging now in this segment, with start-up’s like. BigBasket, LocalBanya etc. and mature players like Reliance Fresh taking the lead. The local Indian ‘banya’ is still stronger than online stores.
The unorganised retail in India is. an area where the e-commerce would be able make a difference and eventually take over. 2.2.4 Logistics and Regulations. The logistics infrastructure is still not up to the mark in India. While India Post is doing a. great job in helping the e-commerce players, no dedicated e-commerce company has been. able to woman, scale up its operations to leadership, reach all the postal codes. The penetration of internet in.
India is 18% as against 87% in american essay woman, US, is papers, a big hindrance. When it comes to technology, site crashes, issues in essay soldier, ERP systems etc. are commonly heard. things in India. Whereas in of research papers, US, the technology is very strong. The Government bodies in India haven’t yet matured to the online businesses that are. operational. There hasn’t been any clear guidelines for FDI until recently, even there the.
Government has decided to treat both online and offline retail alike. American Woman. Some of the other online. marketplace keeps running into warehousing policy issues. The heavy discounting is reeve essay, another. questionable area, since the Government has clear guidelines for Maximum Retail Price, there is no lower bar set. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. STRUCTURE OF THE. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 3.1 HERFINDAHL – HIRSCHMAN INDEX. A commonly accepted measure of market concentration.
It is calculated by squaring the. market share of essay in revolution soldier each firm competing in a market, and then summing the resulting numbers. The HHI number can range from close to zero to 10,000. The HHI is expressed as: HHI = S1^2 + S2^2 + S3^2 + … + Sn^2 (where Sn is the market. share of the christopher reeve essay Ith firm) the closer a market is to being a monopoly, the higher the market’s. concentration (and the lower its competition).
For the e-commerce industry, the HHI, based on the market share is calculated as follows. Company Sales(in cr) market. Flipkart 2846.13 53.89683186 2904.868484. Jabong 202 3.82525044 14.63254093. Myntra 441.58 8.362148958 69.92553519. Snapdeal 830 15.7176132 247.0433646. Amazon 168.99 3.20014392 10.24092111. Ebay 107 2.02624652 4.105674961. naptol 460 8.710966349 75.88093474. Yebhi 120 2.272426004 5.163919944. Yepme 80 1.514950669 2.295075531.
bewakoof 25 0.473422084 0.22412847. total sales 5280.7 100 3334.38058. The HHI can have a theoretical value ranging from close to zero to 10,000. American Soldier. If there exists. only a single market participant which has 100% of the market share the HHI would be. 10,000. If there were a great number of market participants with each company having a. market share of almost 0% then the HHI could be close to zero. ‘ When the HHI value is essay, less than 100, the market is highly competitive. ‘ When the HHI value is between 100 and 1000, the market is in revolution soldier woman, said to reeve essay, be not concentrated.
‘ When the HHI value is between 1000 and 1800, the market is said to be moderately. ‘ When the HHI value is above 1800, the market is said to be highly concentrated. So the in revolution woman HERFINDAHL – HIRSCHMAN INDEX of the papers E-commerce industry is greater than. 1800. Hence it is highly concentrated. A Study on essay Indian E-Commerce Industry.
A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 4.1 PORTER’S FIVE FORCE ANALYSIS. The huge competition in the e commerce market allows to essay, win as companies have to. keep their prices in check to attract buyers. Customer can choose from a wide range of offline as well as online players. Customers can always buy from some other website or some other store in american soldier, case they.
are not satisfied with any one player. Buyers in this industry are customers who purchase products online. Since this. industry is flooded with so many players, buyers are having lot of options to choose. Switching costs are also less for customers since they can easily switch a service. from one online retail company to other one.
Same products will be displayed in. several online retail websites. So, product differentiation is almost low. So, all these. factors make customers to possess more power when compared to online retail.
Also the E-commerce aggregators sites makes it transparent to the consumer to see which. site offers the product in on training, the least price. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 4.1.1 Bargaining Power of in revolution woman Buyers. The huge competition in the e commerce market allows to win as companies have to. keep their prices in check to attract buyers. Customer can choose from case study on training at motorola a wide range of offline as well as online players. Customers can always buy from some other website or some other store in case they. are not satisfied with any one player. Buyers in this industry are customers who purchase products online.
Since this. industry is flooded with so many players, buyers are having lot of american in revolution options to choose. Switching costs are also less for customers since they can easily switch a service. from one online retail company to other one. Same products will be displayed in. several online retail websites. So, product differentiation is case at motorola, almost low. So, all these. factors make customers to possess more power when compared to online retail. Also the E-commerce aggregators sites makes it transparent to the consumer to essay in revolution soldier, see which.
site offers the product in the least price. 4.1.2 Bargaining Power of suppliers. Tens of millions of samples papers sellers list their products on ecommerce marketplaces; hence. their individual bargaining power is limited. However, sellers can also list their products on multiple platforms and sites, including Amazon, Etsy.com and various international e-commerce sites. Hence, if. eBay introduces policy and pricing changes that are unsatisfactory to sellers, then it.
could result in lower number of product listings on essay its marketplace. There are relatively fewer number of postal and delivery services as well as. shipping carriers; hence any pricing change or disruption in their services could. hamper eBay’s ability to deliver products on time. Help. Hence, these carriers hold some. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. The sources that generate traffic on ecommerce site can also be classified as. suppliers.
Search engines hold significant leverage as they account for over 20% of. traffic on in revolution woman eBay if we account for cover for english teacher both organic and paid search (according to Similar. Web estimates). American Soldier. Changes in Google SEO (search engine algorithm) have a negative. impact on case and development traffic. eBay’ seller marketplace model leads to american in revolution soldier woman, large amounts of. unstructured data on christopher the site, which is essay, detrimental to its SEO efforts. Additionally, several referring sites such as slickdeals.net, dealnews.com and social. networks also bring considerable traffic to ecommerce and any changes in their. policies could adversely affect the company’s top-line and profitability.
In this industry, suppliers are the manufacturers of finished products like Nike, Dell, Apple etc. Online retail companies sell various products ranging from books to. computer accessories to apparels to footwear. Since there are many suppliers for any. particular category, they can’t show power on online retail companies. For example, if you take computers category, there are many suppliers like Dell, Apple, Lenovo, and Toshiba who wants to sell their products through these online retail companies. So, they won’t be having power to control the online retail companies. Online. customers can select the leadership report essay products on their own and the switching costs in this case is. zero.
It is very difficult for manufacturers of finished products to come into this. industry because of challenges in Logistics. In Revolution. Online retail industry is important to. suppliers because it acts as one of the channel to sell the reeve essay products. In Revolution Woman. Now, with most. of the reeve customers in India purchasing online through online retail companies, they. can’t afford to lose this channel. So, they can’t dictate terms with online retail.
companies. So, in this industry the supplier power is low. 4.1.3 Competitive Rivalry within the Industry. E-commerce faces competition in its marketplaces segment from both offline and online. players. Customers can buy products from american in revolution soldier a wide range of retailers, distributors, auctioneers, directories, search engines, etc and hence the reeve competition is intense. A Study on in revolution woman Indian E-Commerce Industry. Various factors such as price, product selection and services influence the of research papers purchasing. decision of american essay soldier customers. E-commerce companies frequently engage in price-based. competition to essay, woo buyers, which limits their ability to raise prices.
In the payments business, there is competition from sources such as credit and. debit cards, bank wires, other online payment services as well as offline payment. mechanisms including cash, check, money order or mobile phones. Considering the entry of newer players such as Apple Pay and Alibaba, the. competition is american essay soldier, expected to heighten in the online payments space. Competition is very high in this industry with so many players like Flip kart,
Myntra, Jabong, Snap deal, Amazon, India plaza, Homeshop18 etc. 4.1.4 Threat of New Entrants. Given the nature of the business, there is always a threat of new entrants as it is. relatively less costly to essay, enter the market and setup operations. There is american soldier woman, no additional.
cost incurred to set up any physical stores and locations. In addition, traditional. established physical stores can easily move into online retailing and bring with them. their substantial consumer base. These stores such as Target or Wal-Mart, already enjoy. economies of scale, have recognizable brands and a strong supply chain. So they do.
pose strong competition to Amazon. That said, the threat from brand new entrants remains low as it would be nearly. impossible for a new company to match the cost advantages, economies of scale and. variety of on a offering as Amazon.com. These advantages will deter most brand new. entrants to the market. Substantial Economies of Scale. Ecommerce like Amazon works with over 10,000 vendors and boasts an impressive 75.
percent repeat purchasers. Its market capitalization is substantially ahead of its nearest. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. First Mover Advantage. As the pioneer online retailer, Amazon , flip kart has the american in revolution necessary brand awareness and. credibility as a strong reliable presence in with academic, the market. Massive product Variety. Way beyond a bookstore now, Amazon.com , Flipkart provides any type of product. there is in its online stores. This means that there is a strong supplier base relationship.
that cannot be replicated. In addition, as a bookseller and a provider of other. entertainment channels such as movies, videos and music, ecommerce has established. relationships with publishers, producers, movie studies and music producers which are. not easy to form and replicate. The e-commerce market is characterized by low barriers to entry. It is relatively easy. for newer players to american in revolution, enter the market and start selling products. Having said that, it’s.
difficult for newer players to gain brand recognition and attain high ranking on search. Newer players require significant marketing budgets to compete on reeve a large scale and. this restricts entry of newer players to an extent. The online payments market has relatively higher barriers to entry as there is intense. competition between established players; additionally, security is essay soldier, a paramount during. online payments and hence newer players which do not have the necessary brand. recognition will find it difficult to attract new customers. However, established players such as Apple, Amazon and Alibaba have the potential. to make a dent in PayPal’s strong market position. ‘ Indian government is going to on a playground, allow 51% FDI in multi-brand online retail and.
100% FDI in single brand online retail sooner or later. So, this means foreign. companies can come and american in revolution soldier woman, start their own online retail companies. ‘ There are very less barriers to entry like less amount of money required to start a. business, less amount of infrastructure required to start business. All you need is.
to tie up with suppliers of products and you need to develop a website to display. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. products so that customers can order products, and a tie up with online payment. gateway provider like bill desk. ‘ Industry is also going to grow at a rapid rate. It is going to touch 76 billion $ by. 2021. Industry is going to experience an exponential growth rate.
So, obviously no. one wants to miss this big opportunity. 4.1.5 Threat of substitute products. The threat of substitutes for ecommerce is high. The unique characteristic Amazon has is. the patented technology (such as 1-Click Ordering), which differentiates them from other.
possible substitutes. However, there are many alternatives providing the same products. and services, which could reduce Amazon’s competitive advantage. Therefore, Amazon. does not have absolute competitive advantage on on a playground their product offerings, but they. definitely have the advantage when it comes to the quality of customer service and. There is no technology that can substitute the Internet so far in the market. Even, analog. signal that use to send the american essay soldier television signal or radio signal are not the main threat. The main substitute that exists is the brick and case and development at motorola, motor store, which they change or move.
their place to be on the Internet. Therefore, the e-commerce industry has low threat of. substitutions. When we compare relative quality, relative price of in revolution woman product that he/she. buys online with physical store, both are almost same and in some cases, online discounts. will be available which makes customers to buy products online. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Porters 5 Force Model of case study on training at motorola E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. This industry analysis, also known as the american in revolution woman macro environmental analysis is basically done to.
determine the conditions in which the industry is operating in. The analysis of these factors. becomes very important for a company operating in that particular industry for the growth. 5.1 POLITICAL AND LEGAL FACTORS: E-commerce has introduced many changes in the Indian consumers and customers. However, e-commerce in essay, India has also given rise to many disputes by essay in revolution, the consumers purchasing the. products from christopher reeve essay e-commerce websites. In fact, many e-commerce websites are not following. Indian laws at all and american essay woman, they are also not very fair while dealing with their consumers. Allegations of predatory pricing, tax avoidance, anti competitive practices, etc have been.
levelled against reeve, big e-commerce players of India. Essay In Revolution Soldier. As a result, disputes are common in report, India. that is not satisfactorily redressed. This reduces the confidence in the e-commerce segment. and the unsatisfied consumers have little choice against the big e-commerce players. Essay In Revolution. At a. time when we are moving towards global norms for e-commerce business activities, the. present e-commerce environment of samples papers India needs fine tuning and regulatory scrutiny. In fact,
India is exploring the possibility of regulation of e-commerce through either Telecom. Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) or through different Ministries/Departments of Central. Government in a collective manner. It is obvious that e-commerce related issues are not easy to american essay soldier woman, manage. Reeve Essay. E-commerce disputes. resolution is even more difficult and challenging especially when Indian Courts are already. overburdened with court cases.
Of course, establishment of soldier woman e-courts in christopher reeve essay, India and use of online. dispute resolution (ODR) in India are very viable and american in revolution, convincing options before the Indian. Many Indian stakeholders have raised objections about the way e-commerce websites are. operating in India. These websites are providing deep discounts that have been labeled as.
predatory by offline traders and leadership, businesses. Further, Myntra, Flipkart, Amazon, Uber, etc. have already been questioned by essay in revolution soldier, the regulatory authorities of India for study on training and development at motorola violating Indian laws. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 5.1.1 NEED FOR HUMORIZED TAXATION LAWS: Laws regulating ecommerce in american essay woman, India are still evolving and lack clarity. Case On Training And Development At Motorola. Favorable regulatory. environment would be key towards unleashing the potential of american essay woman ecommerce and help in. efficiency in operations, creation of jobs, growth of the industry, and report, investments in back-end. infrastructure. Furthermore, the interpretation of intricate tax norms and complex inter-state.
taxation rules make ecommerce operations difficult to american, manage and to stay compliant to the. laws. With the wide variety of audience the ecommerce companies cater to, compliance. becomes a serious concern. Companies will need to have strong anti-corruption programs for. sourcing and vendor management, as well as robust compliance frameworks. It is important. for the E-Commerce companies to keep a check at every stage and adhere to cover letter no experience, the relevant.
laws, so as to avoid fines.Myntra, Flipkart and many more e-commerce websites are under. regulatory scanner of Enforcement Directorate (ED) of India for violating Indian laws and. policies. There are no taxation laws for these websites so the products are being sold at huge. discounts in these sites. Some of the major causes not keeping taxation laws over american in revolution ecommerce. are that the government is not having proper knowledge about the case study and development at motorola structure of. industry and american soldier woman, the limitations that has to be given to the e commerce industry and what are the. rights that should be given to them for selling the product Security of the cover letter for english teacher information. provided during the online transaction is woman, a major concern.
Under section 43A of the reeve I T Act. the ‘Reasonable practices and soldier, procedures and sensitive personal data or information Rules, 2011’ have been proposed, which provide a framework for the protection of data in India. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 5.2 ECONOMIC FACTORS: Mass usage of internet: The usage of internet is increasing rapidly in INDIA, it is said that India is said to be the 3rd. largest internet population country after USA and CHINA. Samples Of Research. Current India internet users are. 205 millions .The total no of soldier users are expected to be 330-370 millions in just 3 years. The.
internet usage in cities has been increased rapidly. Increased aspiration levels and cover letter for english teacher no experience, availability. The aspiration of the Indian youth and middle class while the coming year will be even more. promising both for the consumer as also the entrepreneurs, with average annual spending on. online purchases projected to increase by 67 per cent to Rs 10,000 from Rs 6,000 per person. In 2014, about 40 million consumers purchased something online and number is american in revolution soldier, expected to.
grow to 65 million by 2015 with better infrastructure in terms of leadership logistics, broadband and. Internet ready devices will be fuelling the demand in soldier, ecommerce. The smart phones and. tablet shoppers will be strong growth divers, mobile already accounts for 11% of e commerce. sales, and its share will jump to 25% by 2017. Computer and consumer’s electronics as well. eral and accessories account for the bulk of India retail ecommerce sales will contribute 42%
A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Liberal policies (FDI in Retail and Insurance) The E-commerce Association of India (ECAI) is papers, looking for a positive response from essay in revolution soldier the. government on critical reforms like permitting FDI for the B2C inventory led model. This has. been industry’s demand for a long-time, especially as many small and medium sized. ecommerce players face obstacles on easy access to capital and technology. The industry has.
been hoping that the government would at least review a partial opening of the sector to FDI. In 2015 budget the FDI has been increased to 51 %. So there is a positive response from the. international e commerce industry that is trying to enter into India. Even allibaba.com is papers, also. trying to enter into India with the help of snapdeal.com.
But on the other side the small e. commerce companies are finding it difficult because may face difficulty in american, the future when. the MNC e commerce companies enter India. Supply chain and the productivity growth. The most important impact of ecommerce is reeve essay, maintained supply chain and american essay soldier woman, the productivity of. the products. Case Study On Training At Motorola. The buying and selling of goods’continues to undergo changes that will have a. profound impact on american in revolution the way companies manage their supply chains. Simply put, e-commerce. has altered the practice, timing, and technology of business-to-business and business-toconsumer. commerce. It has affected pricing, product availability, transportation patterns, and. consumer behavior in developed economy in India.
Business-to-business electronic. commerce accounts for with the vast majority of american in revolution total e-commerce sales and plays a leading role in. supply chain network. In 2014, approximately 21 percent of manufacturing sales and cover teacher with, 14.6. percent of wholesales are done in India. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.
From the moment the online order is placed to american in revolution, when it is picked, packed, and shipped, every. step in the process must be handled efficiently, consistently, and essay, cost-effectively. In ecommerce, the distribution center provides much of the customer experience. Simply. delivering the goods is no longer an adequate mission for the fulfillment center’customer. satisfaction has to be a critical priority. The typical e-commerce consumer expects a wide. selection of SKU offerings, mobile-site ordering capability, order accuracy, fast and free. delivery, and free returns.
Understanding how online consumers shop and purchase across. channels is critical to the success of online fulfillment. More consumers are browsing the. Internet for features and american essay soldier woman, selection, testing products at brick-and-mortar stores, acquiring. discounts through social media, and then purchasing the product online through the. convenience of their mobile device. Some retailers,’including those that also sell through.
catalogs’have been in the direct-to-consumer marketplace for some time. These companies. have fulfillment facilities established and information technologies in place to manage orders. with speed and efficiency, doing it well and profitably. On Training. But to many distribution executives, online fulfillment poses a significant challenge to their existing knowledge, experience, and. 5.3 SOCIAL FACTORS: A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.
Better comfort level and trust in online shopping: ‘ Consumers feel easy to access the ecommerce sites 24?7 support. Customer can do. transactions for the product or enquiry about any product/services provided by a company. anytime, anywhere from any location. Here 24?7 refers to american essay, 24 hours of help essays each seven days of essay in revolution soldier a. ‘ E-Commerce application provides user more options and quicker delivery of products. ‘ E-Commerce application provides user more options to compare and select the cheaper and. ‘ A customer can put review comments about a product and can see what others are buying or. see the review comments of other customers before making a final buy.
‘ E-Commerce provides option of virtual auctions. ‘ Readily available information. A customer can see the relevant detailed information within. seconds rather than waiting for days or weeks. Advantages to the society: ‘ Customers need not to travel to samples of research papers, shop a product thus less traffic on road and american essay in revolution soldier, low air pollution. ‘ E-Commerce helps reducing cost of products so less affluent people can also afford the.
‘ E-Commerce has enabled access to services and products to rural areas as well which are. otherwise not available to them. ‘ E-Commerce helps government to deliver public services like health care, education, social. services at reduced cost and in christopher reeve, improved way. ‘ E-Commerce increases competition among the organizations and as result organizations. provides substantial discounts to customers. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 5.4 Technological factors: Cloud computing in e commerce:
According to analysts, within 10 years’ time 80% of all computer usage worldwide, data. storage and e-commerce will be in soldier woman, the cloud. Help Academic Essays. It is called the third phase of the internet. During the first phase software and essay soldier, operating systems were combined to create a simple flow. of communication through ‘ for instance ‘ email. The second phase brought the user to the. World Wide Web, where he had access to millions of websites. This increased internet usage. by a factor of on training one hundred in only 2 years’ time. In the third phase everything is in the cloud, both data and essay woman, software.
There are several types of cloud computing, of which Software-as-a-Service is leadership report, probably the. best-known. The others are Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS) and Infrastructure-as-a-Service. The ability to lower costs, accelerate deployments and respond quickly. to market opportunities and challenges are just a few reasons why so many IT leaders are. leveraging cloud based e commerce applications. Given the variety of solutions, IT leaders. must research their options carefully in order to select the one that best meets their needs. Following are the top four impacts of cloud computing on e-commerce applications and. steps IT leaders should take during their evaluation process.
It’s easy for business leaders to focus on american essay in revolution soldier the benefits of cloud computing without considering. the time and effort involved in implementing a viable solution. However, whatever cloud. computing solution they select, the application will need access to customer data, product. data, fulfilment systems and essay on a, other operational systems in order to essay woman, support e-commerce. Cue. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry.
Consumerization of the reeve essay online customer experience requires closer scrutiny. While many B2C companies use e-commerce platforms for direct sales, B2B organizations. are also leveraging them to add transactional capabilities to american in revolution soldier woman, their informational sites. In. addition, the online experience is becoming more ‘consumerized,’ meaning that B2B buyers. expect a retail-like customer experience ‘ even when visiting non-retail sites. On A Playground. Cloud solution. providers (CSPs) that focus solely on creating retail models are often not well-versed in B2B. requirements which can be more complex. As a result, their offerings don’t include B2B. functions, such as easy entry of american essay soldier woman large orders and repeat orders, segmented product catalogues.
that are based on a client hierarchy and buying privileges, configure price quote capabilities. and extended payment terms. IT leaders have an unprecedented number of teacher with no experience CSPs from which. to choose. However, they need to carefully evaluate ones that have experience meeting their. industry-specific needs, whether it’s B2B, B2C, or a combination of both. Usage of bandwidth for E-commerce:
Transmission capacity of a communication channel is a major barrier for products that. require more graphical and video data. For this e commerce companies need higher. bandwidth than usual. These all depend on the no of the customers visiting websites, the. type of the products the e commerce industry is selling and the location at which the online. users are mostly visiting the website. These all are some of the factors that affect the usage. of bandwidth.
Web processing is also some of the key factors that make e commerce. industry to run. Another key factor is: High cost of developing, purchasing new software, licensing of software, integration into existing systems, costly e business solutions for. Benefits of using cloud computing over american soldier E-commerce: ‘ Trust. Cloud computing enables online store owners to use the same platform and samples papers, use.
the same functionality. That means that new features can be made available to. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. everyone with a simple modification. Essay Woman. Moreover, the christopher reeve maintenance is taken care of. centrally, which means that store owners can rely on a stable platform. ‘ Cost saving.
In many cases this is the most important reason for american in revolution woman companies to choose. cloud computing. Essay. Since companies do not need to purchase hardware or bandwidth, costs can be decreased by 80%. ‘ Speed. A company can activate an ecommerce application five times faster and sell.
directly through a platform that is managed remotely. ‘ Scalability. Cloud computing makes a company more elastic and able to american woman, respond to. seasonal changes or sudden increases in demand due to special promotions. ‘ Security. Many cloud computing suppliers have been certified so more security can be. guaranteed to customers. ‘ Data exchange. The explosive growth of cloud ecommerce will lead to more data. exchange between the clouds.
Suppliers will offer more and more possibilities to add. features to their clouds for users, partners and samples of research papers, others. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 6. FIRMS UNDER STUDY. Four key metrics have been used to evaluate the american in revolution performance of. E-Retailers in India. 2. Subscriber Growth Rate. 3. Average Order Size: 4. Percentage of essay Mobile Visits.
6.1 Gross Margin (Financial year 2013-2014) Online shopping in India is growing at a very fast clip. At the essay same time, there is an intense. competition in case study on training, ecommerce space, especially among the american in revolution woman top 3 players. There is aggressive. pricing and discounts are being paid by Venture Capitalists’ pockets. Flipkart, Amazon and Snapdeal, all of reeve essay them have raised investments or have commitments of.
$1 Billion or more. This money is being burned to acquire new customers, offer discounts. and pump up products on american woman offers. At the leadership report same time these sites are losing money, the quantum. of loss these ecommerce players have incurred for every Rupee spent is displayed in the.
A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. The revenue figures above are not the american essay soldier price of products sold (GMV), as these are all. marketplaces, and their revenues come from commissions they get from sellers or listing fees. that they charge to list the products on report their site. GMV or Gross Merchandize Value represents the price of products sold and american woman, net revenues are. just a fraction of that. Flipkart leads the race with net revenue of 179 crore followed by Amazon at 168.9 crore and.
Snapdeal at help academic essays 154.11 crore. However, when it comes to losses, Flipkart leads by a much bigger margin and their loss for. 2013-14 stands at Rs. 400 Crore. Comparatively, Amazon losses are pegged at Rs. 321.3.
crore and Snapdeal had least losses of 3 with 264.6 crore. The figure below shows the loss each player incurs for american every rupee in essay, net revenues. A Study on american essay in revolution woman Indian E-Commerce Industry. Flipkart leads the race to losing 2.23 rupees for every 1 rupee of revenue. Amazon loses 1.90. and Snapdeal has least amount of losses at Rs.
1.72. This cannot be judged as a low performance by the players as after a certain time when they. gain major part of market. Every product they sell would be a profit for them. 6.2 Subscriber Growth Rate. Flipkart was founded in the year 2007. By the end of year 2013 they have acquired 22. million registered users and study and development, handles 5 million shipments every month while Snapdeal was.
founded in the year 2010 and has 20 million registered users by the end of year 2013. Snapdeal has acquired customers in american essay in revolution soldier, a quicker pace when compared to Flipkart, but this. cannot be considered to be low performance shown by essay on a playground, Flipkart, because when they founded. e- retail in India, the people were not much familiar to e-commerce and online purchasing at. 6.3 Average ordering size of Flipkart for Financial year 2011-2012. Flipkart, has hit a milestone clocking Rs 100 crore in gross merchandise value shipped in a. month for the first time in June 2012. The jump is from an average of around Rs 42 crore. financial year 2010-2011. Flipkart had clocked Rs 500 crore for the 12 months ended March.
In the year 2012 the number of daily orders has hit 25,000 mark (or seventeen orders per. minute), a five-fold rise after the company clocked 5,000 orders a day for the first time in. May 2011. Essay In Revolution Woman. Flipkart first clocked 1,000 orders a day in March 2010. Average order size= Total Revenue/Number of Orders. =Rs.5000000000 / 25,000 x 365. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 6.4 Percentage of leadership essay Mobile Visits. Mobile is now one of our most strategic channels for driving revenue and american essay in revolution, customer acquisition. The eretailers.
are investing to essays, build strong technology and marketing platforms that will allow them to. accelerate their growth on mobile. Shopping online through smartphones is expected to be a game changer shortly. In the year 2014. there were nearly 123 million smartphone users in in revolution woman, India. Samples. Affordability of smartphones is. leading to the growth in mobile Internet users, hence generating fresh consumer base for the.
online players. Mobile Internet users in essay in revolution soldier, India are estimated to be 120 million compared to 100 million. users using Internet on their personal computers. 60 percent of essays Snapdeals orders are coming over mobile in the end of year 2014. It is growing really fast. They get more traffic from the mobile than they get from american essay in revolution woman personal computers. Flipkart a year ago, less than 10 percent of their orders, transactions and visits used to come from mobile. Now those numbers are greater than 50 percent for them.
It is accelerating at a very rapid pace. Flipkart. is seeing more than 2 times or 3 times growth from the mobile front compared to desktop, where Flipkart is growing overall but mobile is letter for english teacher with, growing at a much faster pace. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. 6.5 Top 10 Indian E-Commerce Sites Traffic Comparison. Stats have been taken for month of April 2014.
Flipkart topped the charts with over 62 million visits in the month of April with Myntra. coming shade lower at essay in revolution soldier 59.5 million. Case And Development. Given that both of them have now come together, purely. based on american essay in revolution the traffic, they clock more traffic than the rest 8 players combined. While we expected either Amazon or Snapdeal to grab the 3rd place in terms of traffic, Jabong took the bronze position with 42.5 million visitors followed by Snapdeal (31.4. Amazon.in clocked a respectable 27.6 million visits in help with academic, month of April (Remember, they have. not even completed a year since launch as yet). Also, if you combine Junglee, which is.
owned by Amazon, their traffic bulges to american soldier woman, close to 40 million visits. Infibeam and Tradus both have not been doing too well in terms of traffic. They clocked 3.4. million #038; 3 million respectively. Also, according to similar web, their traffic has been. steadily dropping over last 6 months. Both of them had close to 5 million visits at the start of. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. Stats have been taken for month of April 2014. When it came to user engagement, Flipkart again reigned supreme with each visitor spending. an average of 8:35 minutes per visit.
Ebay also had very high levels of engagement with 8:15. mins followed by Snapdeal (7:49 mins). Myntra had surprisingly low (in fact lowest of essays all) visitor time spent at 3:04 minutes. Junglee. and Jabong were other two sites who had low visitor time spent.
Given that Flipkart had highest time spent by visitors, they also got the american essay soldier maximum pageviews. per visitor (8.53) followed by Ebay (8.04). Surprisingly, Tradus did quite well in terms of. page views with a average of 7.57 views per visit. Ecommerce industry in academic, India is in their blooming stage now. E-commerce including online. retail in India constitutes a small fraction of essay in revolution woman total sales, but is set to grow to a substantial. amount owing to a lot of factors such as rising disposable incomes, rapid urbanization, increasing adoption and penetration of technology such as the essay on a playground internet and mobiles, rising. youth population as well as increasing cost of running offline stores across the country.
A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. MACRO ENVIONMENTAL ANALYSIS. A Study on Indian E-Commerce Industry. MARKET SHARE VALUE. GLOBAL AND INDIAN SCENARIO. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Business essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?
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International organizations Essay. International organizations provide a common platform wherein representatives from different parts of the world can discuss and evolve solutions for contemporary issues. In common parlance, it is well known as intergovernmental organizations. American Essay. The World trade Organization, European Union and Council of Europe are international Organizations to name a few. Evolution Of International Organizations. There was need to have a neutral forum where countries could participate and discuss problems that were of significance the help essays world over. This gave rise to international Organizations. Role Of International Organizations. The participating countries define the function of the International Organizations.
The objective of international organization is to study, collect and propagate information, setting up of american in revolution soldier woman, laws that are internationally accepted. Help Academic Essays. The international organizations also help in cooperation between different countries by setting up negotiation deals between them. The international Organizations also help in technical assistance. The International Organizations play an important role in collecting statistical information, analyzing the trends in the variables, making a comparative study and disseminate the information to soldier all other countries. There are some intergovernmental organizations that have set international Minimum standards. Essay On A. Such norms are difficult to be set at the state level. Essay In Revolution Soldier Woman. There are some international organizations that perform certain supervisory functions. The supervisory system of the UN is very weak. In contrast, the report essay supervisory mechanism of the ILO is quite strong.
The European Union, together with the Commission and american essay in revolution soldier woman, the Court of Justice, has a relatively strong supervisory mechanism. The third function of the international organizations is setting up multilateral or bilateral agreements between countries. Another function, that has assumed importance in the recent times, is lending out technical cooperation to the member countries. By technical cooperation we mean the provision of intellectual or financial material to the countries, which require them. Reeve Essay. Amongst all the roles and activities of the international organizations, the essay soldier woman most important is negotiating and setting up multilateral agreements. Minimizing the study on training transaction costs can strengthen the cooperation between different countries.
Beside they also provide lucidity and information. For negotiations, forums for bargaining are set up and woman, focal point structures are constructed during negotiations. The multilateral agreements that are settled by the international organizations occur in sections like environment protection, development trade, crime human rights, etc. Success and failure of League of Nations. The League itself was a success, as nothing like it had ever existed before. The League was successful in the 1920s in settling disputes between countries. Finland and Sweden argued over which country should own the Aaland Islands. The League settled the case study and development dispute in favour of Finland.
When Greece and Bulgaria became involved in a border dispute, the League was called in to decide who was right. The League also did very good work in a campaign to in revolution stamp out the slave trade and in academic essays, tackling diseases. In August 1923 five Italian surveyors were mapping the Greek-Albanian border for the League of Nations. They were shot and killed on the Greek side of the border and Mussolini, the Italian Prime Minister, demanded compensation from the Greeks. When the Greek government ignored the demand, Mussolini ordered the Italian navy to bombard and then occupy the Greek island of Corfu.
Italy was also a Permanent Member of the Council of the League. Eventually the League backed Mussolini and forced the Greeks to pay compensation. American Essay. Then Mussolini had to withdraw his forces from the island. The Corfu incident seemed to suggest that Permanent Members of the Council could get away with breaking the report essay Covenant. It also suggested that while the League could deal effectively with small countries, it could not deal with large countries. The successes of the League of Nations.
In view of the League’s desire to end war, the only criteria that can be used to classify a success, was whether war was avoided and a peaceful settlement formulated after a crisis between two nations. The League experienced success in: The Aaland Islands (1921) These islands are near enough equal distant between Finland and Sweden. American Essay In Revolution Soldier. They had traditionally belonged to Finland but most of the islanders wanted to be governed by Sweden. Neither Sweden nor Finland could come to a decision as to who owned the islands and in on a playground, 1921 they asked the League to adjudicate.
The League’s decision was that they should remain with Finland but that no weapons should ever be kept there. Both countries accepted the decision and american, it remains in force to this day. Upper Silesia (1921) The Treaty of Versailles had given the people of Upper Silesia the right to have a referendum on whether they wanted to be part of Germany or part of Poland. Christopher Reeve. In this referendum, 700,000 voted for Germany and 500,000 for Poland. Soldier Woman. This close result resulted in rioting between those who expected Silesia to be made part of Germany and report essay, those who wanted to american essay soldier be part of Poland. The League was asked to settle this dispute. After a six-week inquiry, the League decided to split Upper Silesia between Germany and Poland.
The League’s decision was accepted y both countries and by the people in Upper Silesia. Memel (1923) Memel was/is a port in help with academic, Lithuania. Most people who lived in Memel were Lithuanians and, therefore, the government of Lithuania believed that the port should be governed by it. However, the Treaty of Versailles had put Memel and the land surrounding the essay soldier port under the essay on a control of the League. For three years, a French general acted as a governor of the port but in 1923 the Lithuanians invaded the american essay in revolution soldier woman port.
The League intervened and gave the area surrounding Memel to Lithuania but they made the port an “international zone”. Lithuania agreed to this decision. Though this can be seen as a League success – as the issue was settled – a counter argument is that what happened was the result of the use of force and with academic essays, that the League responded in a positive manner to those (the Lithuanians) who had used force. Turkey (1923) The League failed to stop a bloody war in Turkey (see League failures) but it did respond to the humanitarian crisis caused by this war. American. 1,400,000 refugees had been created by this war with 80% of samples of research papers, them being women and children. American In Revolution Woman. Typhoid and cholera were rampant. The League sent doctors from the christopher essay Health Organisation to check the spread of american essay in revolution soldier, disease and it spent ?10 million on building farms, homes etc for the refugees.
Money was also invested in seeds, wells and digging tools and by 1926, work was found for 600,000 people. A member of the League called this work “the greatest work of mercy which mankind has undertaken.” Greece and Bulgaria (1925) Both these nations have a common border. In 1925, sentries patrolling this border fired on one another and a Greek soldier was killed. The Greek army invaded Bulgaria as a result. The Bulgarians asked the study on training and development League for help and the League ordered both armies to stop fighting and essay, that the Greeks should pull out of Bulgaria. The League then sent experts to the area and decided that Greece was to blame and fined her ?45,000. Both nations accepted the decision. The failures of the League of Nations. Article 11 of the League’s Covenant stated: “Any war of threat of war is a matter of help with essays, concern to the whole League and american in revolution woman, the League shall take action that may safe guard peace.” Therefore, any conflict between nations which ended in academic, war and the victor of one over the other must be considered a League failure.
Italy (1919) In 1919, Italian nationalists, angered that the “Big Three” had, in their opinion, broken promises to Italy at the Treaty of Versailles, captured the small port of Fiume. American Soldier Woman. This port had been given to Yugoslavia by the Treaty of cover letter for english teacher, Versailles. For 15 months, Fiume was governed by american essay in revolution woman an Italian nationalist called d’Annunzio. The newly created League did nothing. Cover For English. The situation was solved by the Italian government who could not accept that d’Annunzio was seemingly more popular than they were – so they bombarded the port of soldier woman, Fiume and enforced a surrender. Cover Letter Teacher No Experience. In all this the League played no part despite the fact that it had just been set up with the specific task of in revolution, maintaining peace. Teschen (1919) Teschen was a small town between Poland and Czechoslovakia. Its main importance was that it had valuable coal mines there which both the Poles and the Czechs wanted.
As both were newly created nations, both wanted to make their respective economies as strong as possible and the acquisition of case and development at motorola, rich coal mines would certainly help in this respect. In January 1919, Polish and Czech troops fought in the streets of Teschen. Essay Soldier. Many died. The League was called on letter for english with no experience, to help and decided that the bulk of the town should go to Poland while Czechoslovakia should have one of Teschen’s suburbs. This suburb contained the most valuable coal mines and the Poles refused to accept this decision. Though no more wholesale violence took place, the two countries continued to argue over the issue for the next twenty years. Vilna (1920) Many years before 1920, Vilna had been taken over by Russia. Historically, Vilna had been the capital of Lithuania when the state had existed in the Middle Ages. After World War One, Lithuania had been re-established and Vilna seemed the natural choice for its capital. However, by 1920, 30% of the population was from soldier woman, Poland with Lithuanians only making up 2% of the city’s population.
In 1920, the Poles seized Vilna. Lithuania asked for samples of research papers League help but the Poles could not be persuaded to leave the city. Vilna stayed in american essay in revolution soldier, Polish hands until the outbreak of academic essays, World War Two. The use of force by the Poles had won. War between Russia and Poland (1920 to 1921) In 1920, Poland invaded land held by the Russians. Essay Soldier Woman. The Poles quickly overwhelmed the Russian army and made a swift advance into cover letter with no experience Russia. By 1921, the Russians had no choice but to sign the Treaty of Riga which handed over to Poland nearly 80,000 square kilometres of Russian land. This one treaty all but doubled the size of Poland. What did the american in revolution soldier League do about this violation of another country by case and development at motorola Poland?
The answer is simple – nothing. Russia by 1919 was communist and this “plague from the East” was greatly feared by the West. In fact, Britain, France and America sent troops to attack Russia after the american League had been set up. Winston Churchill, the British War Minister, stated openly that the report plan was to strangle Communist Russia at birth. Once again, to outsiders, it seemed as if League members were selecting which countries were acceptable and ones which were not. American. The Allied invasion of Russia was a failure and it only served to make Communist Russia even more antagonistic to the West. The invasion of the Ruhr (1923)
The Treaty of essay, Versailles had ordered Weimar Germany to pay reparations for war damages. American Soldier. These could either be paid in money or in kind (goods to the value of a set amount) In 1922, the Germans failed to pay an installment. They claimed that they simply could not rather than did not want to. The Allies refused to accept this and the anti-German feeling at samples of research, this time was still strong. Both the essay in revolution woman French and the Belgium’s believed that some form of strong action was needed to leadership report ‘teach Germany a lesson’. In 1923, contrary to League rules, the French and the Belgium’s invaded the Ruhr – Germany’s most important industrial zone. Within Europe, France was seen as a senior League member – like Britain – and the anti-German feeling that was felt throughout Europe allowed both France and Belgium to american essay in revolution soldier woman break their own rules as were introduced by the League. Here were two League members clearly breaking League rules and nothing was done about it. For the League to enforce its will, it needed the support of with academic essays, its major backers in Europe, Britain and France. Yet France was one of the american essay soldier invaders and Britain was a major supporter of her. To other nations, it seemed that if you wanted to break League rules, you could.
Few countries criticised what France and Belgium did. Christopher Reeve. But the example they set for others in future years was obvious. The League clearly failed on this occasion, primarily because it was seen to be involved in breaking its own rules. Italy and Albania (1923) The border between Italy and in revolution soldier woman, Albania was far from clear and the Treaty of Versailles had never really addressed this issue. It was a constant source of essays, irritation between both nations. In 1923, a mixed nationality survey team was sent out to american essay settle the issue.
Whilst travelling to the disputed area, the Italian section of the survey team, became separated from the main party. The five Italians were shot by gunmen who had been in hiding. Italy accused Greece of planning the christopher whole incident and demanded payment of a large fine. Greece refused to pay up. In response, the Italians sent its navy to the Greek island of Corfu and american essay soldier woman, bombarded the coastline. Greece appealed to study the League for help but Italy, lead by Benito Mussolini, persuaded the League via the Conference of Ambassadors, to soldier woman fine Greece 50 million lire. To follow up this success, Mussolini invited the Yugoslavian government to discuss ownership of Fiume. The Treaty of Versailles had given Fiume to Yugoslavia but with the evidence of a bombarded Corfu, the Yugoslavs handed over the port to Italy with little argument.
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